World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

Article Id: WHEBN0022818631
Reproduction Date:

Title: Austrian Decoration for Science and Art  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Honours system in Austria, Maria Lassnig, Peter Wegner, Fritz Schachermeyr, Oleh Hornykiewicz
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Austrian Decoration for Science and Art

Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
Badge of the Austrian Decoration of Honour for Science and Art
Awarded by  Austria
Type State decoration
Eligibility Austrian and foreign citizens[1]
Awarded for "...superior creative and commendable services in the areas of the sciences or the arts."[1]
Status Currently Awarded
Statistics
Established 1955[1]
Precedence
Next (higher) Varies by grade[1]
Next (lower) Varies by grade[1]

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

The Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (German: Österreichisches Ehrenzeichen für Wissenschaft und Kunst) is a state decoration of the Republic of Austria and forms part of the national honours system of that country.

History

The "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art" was established by the National Council as an honour for scientific or artistic achievements by Federal Law of May 1955 (Federal Law Gazette No. 96/1955 as amended BGBl I No 128/2001). At the same time, the National Council also established the "Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art", which is awarded as "Cross of Honour, First Class" (German: Ehrenkreuz 1. Klasse) and "Cross of Honour" (German: Ehrenkreuz). While not technically counted as lower classes of the Decoration for Science and Art, these crosses are nevertheless affiliated with it.

Divisions

Decoration for Science and Art

The number of living recipients of the Decoration for Science and Art is limited to a maximum of 72 at any one time (36 recipients for science and 36 for arts). In each of these two groups there are 18 Austrian cititzens and 18 foreign nationals.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Cross of Honour for Science and Art

There are no limits on the number of recipients.

Precedence

Grade Preceding Following
Decoration for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star for Services to the Republic of Austria Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art 1st Class Military Merit Decoration Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Cross of Honour for Science and Art Grand Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria

Recipients

Decoration for Science and Art

Cross (and Cross 1st Class)

Cross of Honour for Science and Art, First Class
Cross of Honour for Science and Art

Forfeiture

Forfeiture of this honour became possible with Federal Law Gazette I No 128/2001, changing Act § 8a. It allows the government to strip recipients of their honours if deemed unworthy. The best known example of such a forfeiture is of the Nazi physician Heinrich Gross.

On August 5, 2008 the Austrian Science Minister Johannes Hahn decided not to withdraw the award from inventor Johann Grander. - see also WorldHeritage German version and see also Austrian ministry

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bundespräsident.at : Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Paul Holdengraber". PEN American Center. 
  3. ^ APA October 2009
  4. ^ ORF
  5. ^ Haag, John. "Adolf, Helen (b. 1895)".  (subscription required)

External links

  • www.kurienwissenschaftundkunst.at
  • Decoration of Honour, Federal President of the Republic of Austria
  • Photos of the Medal
  • Federal Law Gazette, 22 June 1955: Federal Law of 25 May 1955 on the creation of the Austrian Medal for Science and the Arts and the Austrian Honorary Cross for Science and the Arts (pdf, 647kb)
  • Federal Law Gazette, November 2001: Amendment to the Federal Law on the establishment of an Austrian Medal for Science and the Arts and the Austrian Honorary Cross for Science and the Arts. (pdf, 5kb)
  • Press Release: High Honors Award of the Republic of Austria (March 3, 2009)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.