Baatonum language

Native to Benin, Niger
Region Borgou
Ethnicity Bariba people
Native speakers
560,000  (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bba
Glottolog baat1238[2]

Bariba, also known as Baatonum (also Baatombu, Baatonu, Barba, Barganchi, Bargawa, Bargu, Baruba, Berba, Bogung, and Burgu) is the language of the Bariba people of Benin and Nigeria and had been the language of the state of Borgu. It is not closely related to other languages.

Bariba is a tone language.[3] Tonal patterns in Bariba have been claimed to present a challenge to the Two-Feature Model of tonal phonology.[4]


  1. ^ Bariba at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Baatonum". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ N.L. Haddock (1959) The tones of Bariba Phonetica 3:90-94
  4. ^ Clements, Michaud, and Patin, Do we need tone features? In Tones and features: phonetic and phonological perspectives, Goldsmith, Hume, and Whetzels, editors

External links

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