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Baghpat

Baghpat
town
Baghpat is located in Uttar Pradesh
Baghpat
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Baghpat
Elevation 253 m (830 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 36,365
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 17
Website http://bagpat.nic.in/

Baghpat (Hindi: बाघपत or बाग़पत) is a town of NCR and a Municipal board in Baghpat district in western Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Baghpat District. Prior to the establishment of Baghpat district in 1997, Baghpat was a Tehsil in Meerut district. The town's name derives from the Hindi word for tiger (बाघ Baagh). Baghpat town is located on the banks of river Yamuna at 28 deg 57' North Latitude and 77 deg 13' East Longitude. It is 52 km from Meerut City and is on the main DelhiSaharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi toward north.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Culture 2
  • Occupation 3
  • Geography 4
  • Medical facilities 5
  • Famous places 6
    • Pura MahaDev 6.1
    • Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir 6.2
    • Naag Baba Ka Mandir 6.3
    • Valmiki Ashram 6.4
    • Kali Singh Baba Mandir 6.5
    • IAF Chandinagar 6.6
    • Baghpat villages 6.7
  • Educational Facilities 7
  • Demographics 8
  • History and Culture 9
  • Land of Tigers 10
  • References 11

History

It was founded by the Pandava brothers of Mahabharata as Vyagprastha. Barnava, near Binauli the site of the Lakshagriha, the lac palace that was built by Mayasura, the demon architect, to kill the Pandavas.

The district has a strong presence of Jainism. Bada Gaon is an important pilgrimage center for Jains. It is located near the town of Khekra. There is a place called Pakka Ghat where a popular Shankaracharya, Swami Savroopanand saraswati ji maharaj, received jnana.

Culture

Baraut is a multi-religious place with many Hindu Temples, Jain Temples and Mosques around. There are 32 Temples, 45 Mosques, 2 Gurudwaras and 2 churches around this region. One of the biggest temple in this area is known as Digamber Jain Bara Mandir. It is very famous and holds big importance here. On the day of Mahavir Jayanti (Birth of Bhagwan Mahavir) during month of April a three-day carnival is organised every year. Another Hindu carnival is organised during Dusshera following Ramlila (Play depicting life of lord Rama). Another big Hindu temple in the heart of the town is Panchvati Temple, on the bank of nahar (stream of water). This temple has three parts, first with Goddess Santoshi Ma temple, second is Ram Temple and third part is Ganesh and Hanuman ji temple.

Occupation

Occupation of the people of Baghpat is mostly Agriculture. approximately 70% people are dependent upon agriculture.Main crops of Baghpat are sugarcane, wheat and rice. Also vegetables like Gourds, Pumpkins, Potatoes, Ladyfinger, Spinach, Radish and Carrots are also grown. Most of the economic growth of Baghpat is due to "The Baghpat Cooperative Sugar Mills Ltd"....located about one and a half a km from the city.

Geography

District Baghpat is one of the district of West Uttar Pradesh. The town is Located on the banks of river Yamuna. It is 52 km from Meerut and is on the main Delhi – Sharanpur Highway around 40 km from Delhi.In the north of the district baghpat there is district Muzaffarnagar,in the south district Ghaziabad,in the west river Yamuna and district Rohtak of Harayana.The shape of the district Baghpat is rectangular which area is more in north to south than east to west.It is very closely located to (around 40 km) the national capital New Delhi.

Medical facilities

The district hospital is continued to work from 2011 and Aastha Multispeciality hospital in Baraut worked From 2008 The Government Medical Center is relatively outdated, thought the present UP state government does have plans to modernize the currently available facilities. The city also has private hospitals - Jeevandeep Hospital, Delhi Nurshing Home, Raksha Hospital, are modern hospitals in the district providing all sorts of medical facilities.

Famous places

Idol of Lord Parshvanath at Bada Gaon, Khekad, Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh, India

Pura MahaDev

Pura MahaDev (पुरामहादेव) Village is inhabited by the Malik Jats and is situated on a hillock on the banks of the Hindon River. There is a very ancient temple dedicated to the Lord Shiva, where, twice a year, Shiva devotees carry water from the holy River Ganges, at Haridwar, walking all the way, as an offering to Lord Shiva. Fairs are held here on the fourteenth day of Shraavana (sometime in August–September) and Phalguna (February) in the foothills of the Lord Shiva temple in this village. Mahadev Pura is about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from the nearest town, Baleni, which is well-served by the highway from Meerut (32 kilometres (20 mi)) to Baghpat (28 kilometres (17 mi)). According to a local tradition, the sage Parashurama founded a Shiva temple here and named the place Shivapuri which in process of time became changed to Shivpura and then got shortened to Pura.

Gufa Waale Baba Ka Mandir

This temple is a holy place of the name of Gufa Wale Baba Ji (a.k.a. Kuti Wale Baba). There is also Lord Shiva's mandir within this place. People, in large numbers, visit it on religious festivals like Holi, Diwali, etc. Every Sunday devotees from nearby areas participate in religious activities. The temple is situated on the Delhi to Saharanpur highway (SH-57) in Sarurpur Kalan village.

Naag Baba Ka Mandir

It is situated near village Bamnauli on road from Baraut to Budhana via Puchar. Every year on Naag Panchmi, huge crowd can be seen here. On deepawali and Holi also, people belonging to nearby places come here from other cities of India to worship Naag Devta.

Valmiki Ashram

About 25 km from the city towards Meerut, off Meerut road and near the Hindon River is the Valmiki Ashram, where according to Ramayana Luv and Kush sons of Lord Rama were born and brought up. This is the place where Sita came to live after the Ram-Ravan yudh in Ramayana.

Kali Singh Baba Mandir

This temple is situated near Laliyana village on the road from Chamrawal to Dhauli Pyau. Every Sunday, a huge crowd can be seen here. On Diwali, and Holi also, people come here from nearby cities to worship Kali Singh Baba.

IAF Chandinagar

IAF Chandinagar is an Indian Air Force training, and Garud Commando Force, centre near the village of Chamrawal. Facilities inside Chandinagar include a Kendriya Vidyalaya school, CSD canteen, and Punjab National Bank branch.

Baghpat villages

  • Abdullapur Mewla[2]
  • Adarsh Nangla
  • Ahamadshahpur Padra
  • Ahera
  • Aminagar Sarai
  • Anandpur Urf Bandpur
  • Baam
  • Baghu
  • Bali
  • Bamnauli
  • Basaud
  • Basi
  • Bhadal
  • Bichpadi
  • Bijrol
  • Budhera
  • Budhsani Ahir
  • Chamrawal
  • Chopra Maheshpur
  • Daha
  • Dhikoli
  • Dhodra
  • Daula
  • Dojha
  • Faizullapur
  • Gadhi
  • Gaidbara
  • Gauripur Jawahar Nagar
  • Ghatoli
  • Ghitora
  • Ghoshpur
  • Gouna
  • Gurana
  • Gotra
  • Harchandpur
  • Hariya Kheda
  • Hewa
  • Hilwadi
  • Hisawada
  • Kakripur
  • Kamala
  • Katha
  • Khatta Prahladpur
  • Kheriki
  • Khindora
  • Loyan Malkpur
  • Luhari
  • Lumb
  • Laliyana
  • Mavi Khurd
  • Meetli
  • Mukari
  • Matanat Nagar
  • Narojpur Gujjar
  • Nawada Ahir
  • Nibali
  • Ninana
  • Nirpura
  • Nivada
  • Paabla
  • Pali
  • Palri
  • Panchi
  • Pura Mahadev
  • Puthi Brahman
  • Qyampur
  • Ramala
  • Rathora
  • Saidhbhar Ahir
  • Sankalputhi
  • Salawatpur Kheri
  • Sanoli
  • Santoshpur
  • Sarurpur kalan
  • Shikohpur
  • Shobhapur
  • Singhawali Ahir
  • Sirsali
  • Sisana
  • Sujra
  • Sunhera
  • Surajpur Mehanwa
  • Tatiri
  • Tavela garhi
  • Teda
  • Tikri
  • Tilpani
  • Titroda
  • Tyodhi

Educational Facilities

Baraut city is also a major centre of education.

The newest institute DIET [District Institute for Education and Training] is set up by the education dept. of UP in Baraut city at Barka road.

Digambar Jain College, started by the Gangaram Kishorilal Jain family and Janta Vedic college, started by Mahashaya Chaudhary Umrao Singh are famous. Master Umarao Singh was the founder teacher. In Baraut city all the courses are available up to the research level especially in the field of agriculture.

JagMohan Institute of Management and Technology Opened in 2011 is quite famous in around city for its campus placements.

Jain Polytechnic is famous for technical education.

The Janta (Jat) Vedic College—established in 1917, registered in 1920 under the Society Registration Act as Jat Vedic High School, which has become a collegiate undergraduate (1949), and postgraduate (1956), co-educational institution of 5000 students—is famous for its quality education in the field of agriculture, as well as the arts, science, and education. The college—which sits on a sprawling, 40 acres (16 ha), park-like campus near a Yamuna Canal trubutary—was affiliated to Chaudhary Charan Singh University (formerly Meerut University), Meerut, and was also included under section 2(f) and 12(b) of UGC Act.

Demographics

Religions in baghpat
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
67%
Muslims
  
32%
Christians
  
0.2%
Others†
  
2.8%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001 India census,[3] Baghpat had a population of 36,365. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baghpat has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 82% of the males and 58% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Major castes are Jats, Yadav, Gujjars, Tyagis and Rajputs besides Dalits and a large number of Muslims.

History and Culture

Asara Panchayat judgement against young women using mobile phones

In Asara, a Muslim dominated village, people from all castes participated in a panchayat to discuss extramarital affairs. Majority of villagers held that frequent use of mobile phones was responsible for many persisiting evils in the society. Although village pradhan Musharraf was not present in the panchayat, its decisions were unanimously accepted by the villagers. The decision was denounced by prominent politicians and activists.[4][5][6][7] This indicates the backward culture of the people in this district and the challenges faced by women in this society.

Alleged "Rape Diktat"[8]

It was widely reported that when two Dalit sisters, Meenakshi Kumari, 23 and her 15 year old sister, were sentenced to be gang-raped and then paraded naked through their village Sankrod, as punishment for their brother's elopement with a woman of the Jat caste.[9][10][11] The reports were based on an Amnesty International Urgent plea. However further reports have cast doubts on the truth of the account.[12][13][14][15] It was alleged that on 24 May 2015 they fled their house, which was then ransacked. It was alleged that on 30 July the Khap panchayat ordered their punishment for the actions of their brother. A petition was filed with the Indian Supreme Court to seek protection for the family, including the pregnant Jat woman.

No one in the village could confirm that that there was a a Khap panchayat.[16]

The Jat woman, who was alleged to have eloped voluntarily is now back, and claims that the Dalit man had lured her to Delhi and he and his brother had raped her.[17] Rahul Tyagi, the lawyer who brought the case to the Supreme Court, has said he had never actually visited the village, nor spoken to any members of the council who supposedly issued the rape order. Meenakshi Kumari, interviewed at Tyagi's office, admitted she didn’t know if the council had issued a ruling.[18] Amnesty International says they did base their information on one of the sisters' petition to the Supreme Court in which she is asking for police protection.[19] The matter is currently sub-judice and the Supreme Court has directed the UP Police and government officials to present all the diary entries related to this case.[20]

Land of Tigers

The city was originally known as Vyagprastha - Land of Tigers (because of the population of tigers found many centuries ago), and was one of the 5 villages asked by the Pandava brothers from Duryodhan to avoid the Mahabharat. Barnava, near Binauli is the site of the Lakshagraha - palace made of wax, that was built by Purochana a minister of Duryodhana to kill the Pandavas.

There are many versions of the story as to how the city derived its name. One version states that the city’s original name was ‘Vyagprasth’, while according to another, less popular version, the city has derived its name from the Hindi word ‘Vakyaprasth’, which means place of delivering speeches. Inspired by such words and versions, the city was finally named ‘BAGHPAT’ during the Mughal Era.

References

  1. ^ "National Informatics Centre: Baghpat".  
  2. ^ "Baghpat Tehsil - Baghpat, Uttar Pradesh". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Baghpat panchayat bans mobiles for women, police says no idea". Hindustan Times. 13 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Baghpat Panchayat issues a Taliban-style diktat to women". The Hindu. 13 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Baghpat Panchayat's Diktat Against Women 'Illegal': PC". Outlook India. 13 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "After diktat against women, Baghpat villagers thrash cops". 13 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Rape diktat taint hitting Sankrod youths hard Pankul Sharma,TNN | Sep 9, 2015
  9. ^ Priya Joshi (August 28, 2015). "India: Sisters 'sentenced to rape as punishment' for brother's affair".  
  10. ^ "India village council orders rape of two sisters".  
  11. ^ "Dalit Sisters Ordered to be Raped in India" (PDF).  
  12. ^ A Village Council in India Denies Issuing an Order for the Rape of Two Sisters Rishi Iyengar, Time,
  13. ^ Baghpat village in denial, says khap never passed rape order Ishita Bhatia & Uday Rana,TNN | Aug 31, 2015
  14. ^ Khap panchayat did not order rape of two sisters, claim police and villagers! Dailybhaskar.com | Sep 01, 2015
  15. ^ BBC: INDIA RAPE SENTENCE STORY CHAMPIONED BY AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL FALSE MARY CHASTAIN1 Sep 2015
  16. ^ Who needs a Khap when you’ve got the UP police? The story behind the ‘rape diktat’ against two Dalit sisters, Arunabh Saikia, Sep 3, 2015
  17. ^ सांकरौद प्रकरण में आया नया मोड़, Jagran, 22 Aug 2015
  18. ^ That ‘rape verdict’ in an Indian village? It didn’t happen, investigation suggests, Reuters, 03 September, 2015
  19. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-34111906
  20. ^ "SC takes up matter of Baghpat khap diktat, family hopes for justice". news.biharprabha.com. ANI. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
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