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Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union

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Title: Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Canadian Labour Congress, AFL–CIO, Seafarers International Union of North America, United Mine Workers, UNITE HERE
Collection: Afl–cio, Baking, Canadian Labour Congress, Food Processing Trade Unions, Grain Production, Trade Unions Established in 1886
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union

Full name Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union
Founded 1886
Members 73,694 [1]
Affiliation AFL-CIO, CLC
Key people David B. Durkee, President; Steve Bertelli, Secretary-Treasurer
Office location Kensington, Maryland, United States
Country United States, Canada

The Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union (BCTGM) is a labor union in the United States and Canada primarily representing workers in the food processing industry. The union was established in 1886 as the Journeyman Bakers Union. The contemporary BCTGM was formed in January 1999 as a merger of the Bakery, Confectionery and Tobacco Workers' International Union and the American Federation of Grain Millers.

The BCTGM is affiliated with the AFL-CIO, the Canadian Labour Congress and the International Union of Foodworkers (IUF).


  • History 1
  • Strikes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4
  • External links 5


The predecessors of today's BCTGM include the Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union of America. The B&C began as the Journeymen's Bakers Union, organized in 1886 in Pittsburgh, PA. In 1957, the American Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union was formed. In 1969, the two organizations united under the B&C banner.

The Tobacco Workers International Union was founded in 1895. As it and the Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union of America shared many common goals, both organizations merged in 1978, creating the Bakery, Confectionery and Tobacco Workers (BCT).

The American Federation of Grain Millers (AFGM) also has roots stemming back to the 1800s. In 1936, the National Council of Grain Processors was formed when a number of smaller grain milling unions agreed to unite as a national union under the banner of the American Federation of Labor, one of the early umbrella organizations for labor unions. In 1941, the council was renamed the American Federation of Grain Processors and in 1948 was reorganized as the AFGM. Shared goals and shared industries led to the January 1, 1999 merger between the BCT and AFGM, creating the modern BCTGM.

Because the predecessors of BCTGM organized workers in the U.S. and Canada, they included the word “International” in their name.


A loaf of bread bearing the BCTGM's union label

On August 26, 2000, approximately 680 BCTGM workers began a strike against Mobile, Alabama where worker contracts had expired. At this time, around 1,565 workers were involved.[3] By September 6, the strike had expanded to eight more plants. Around 2,700 workers were involved, a total of 12% of Earthgrains' workforce.[2] The strike eventually grew to a maximum of 27 bakeries before it was ended with the ratification of a new contract at Fort Payne on September 22.[4]

On November 9, 2012, the BCTGM went on strike at bakeries operated by

  • Stuart B. Kaufman. Challenge & Change: The History of the Tobacco Workers International Union. University of Illinois Press. 1987. ISBN 0-252-01421-9.
  • Stuart B. Kaufman. A Vision of Unity: The History of the Bakery & Confectionery Workers International (Labor) Union. University of Illinois Press. 1987. ISBN 0-252-01423-5.

External links

  • BCTGM official site.

External links

  1. ^ US Department of Labor, Office of Labor-Management Standards. File number 000-315. (Search) Report submitted 20 March 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Earthgrains Says More Workers Join Sympathy Strike". New York Times 8/6/2000. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Earthgrains Strike in Southern States Expands". New York Times 7/31/00. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Earthgrains Quarterly Report". Securities & Exchange Commission 9/12/00. Retrieved December 13, 2007. 
  5. ^ "Twinkies Maker Hostess to Liquidate Company After Strike". ABC News. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Teamsters approve 'last, best offer' from Hostess Brands". Dallas Business Journal, September 17, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Hostess Brands to Wind Down Company After BCTGM Union Strike Cripples Operations" (Press release).  
  8. ^ "Hostess to close, lay off 18,500 after 'crippling' union fight".  
  9. ^ "BCTGM President Frank Hurt: Hostess Demise a Decade in the Making" (Press release).  
  10. ^


[10] BCTGM President Hurt resigned from his position 6 weeks later effective 1 January 2013.[9] BCTGM President Frank Hurt issued a statement claiming that Hostess failed because its six management teams over the last eight years were unable to make it a profitable, successful business enterprise, and that despite a commitment from the company after an earlier bankruptcy that the resources derived from the workers’ concessions would be plowed back into the company, this never materialized.[8] had reached a deal with the Hostess, but BCTGM, representing bakery workers, refused to agree to concessions. Teamster officials were quoted as saying that the BCTGM had chosen "to not substantively look for a solution or engage in the process".Teamsters Union The [7]

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