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Balerno

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Balerno

Balerno
Scottish Gaelic: Baile Àirneach
Balerno is located in Edinburgh
Balerno
 Balerno shown within Edinburgh
Population 6,031 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference
Council area City of Edinburgh
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BALERNO
Postcode district EH14
Dialling code 0131
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Edinburgh South West
Scottish Parliament Edinburgh Pentlands
List of places
UK
Scotland
Edinburgh

Balerno (Scottish Gaelic: Baile Àirneach) is a suburb of Edinburgh, Scotland situated 8 miles south west of the city centre, next to Juniper Green and Currie. Administratively, Balerno falls within the jurisdiction of the City of Edinburgh Council.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Education 2
  • Culture and attractions 3
    • Sport 3.1
    • Malleny House & Gardens 3.2
    • Scottish SPCA 3.3
    • Churches 3.4
    • Farmers Market 3.5
    • Balerno Village Screen 3.6
    • Music Festival 3.7
    • Red Moss Wildlife Reserve 3.8
    • Local newspaper 3.9
  • Transport 4
    • Historical 4.1
    • Present day 4.2
  • Famous residents and Balerno High School alumni 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Its name derives from the Scottish Gaelic Baile Airneach, meaning "townland/town of the hawthorns".[1] The earliest written records of Balhernoch or Balernach are found in the late 13th century.

The 18th Century brought substantial development to the area, with many new flax, snuff and paper mills springing up around the Water of Leith (evidence of flax production can be seen in Harlaw Woods). These mills were a prominent feature of village life until fairly recently. After the First World War house building began in earnest in the area and since then residential pressures have almost overwhelmed commercial and industrial ones. There was a short loop railway running over what is now the Water of Leith Walkway.

Education

Balerno Community High School (school website) was founded in 1983. Dean Park Primary School [2] is the local primary school. It is located in the south of Balerno.

Culture and attractions

Sport

Balerno is home to Currie RFC, who play at Malleny Park. Currie won the Scottish Rugby Union Scottish Premiership Division One in 2007 and 2010. Balerno Bowling Club situated in the heart of the village dates back to 1885, plays lawn bowls in the Water of Leith league, Edinburgh & Leith Bowling Association.

Malleny House & Gardens

The 17th century Malleny House and its surrounding gardens are owned by the National Trust for Scotland. While the house is not open to the public the gardens are and consist of a 3-acre (12,000 m2) walled garden set in approximately nine acres of woodland. The gardens feature four 100-year-old yew trees known as the Four Apostles and was home to Scotland’s National Bonsai Collection, which left around 2000 and is now located at Binny Plants near Ecclesmachan.[2]

Scottish SPCA

The Scottish SPCA operates an Animal Rescue and Rehoming Centre in Mansfield. The SSPCA opened the centre in 1930 as a Rest Farm for working horses. The centre cares for and rehomes thousands of neglected and mistreated animals every year.

Churches

Balerno has two churches: St. Mungo's Church (Scottish Episcopal Church) and Balerno Parish Church (Church of Scotland). St Joseph's Catholic Church closed in August 2006, with the building purchased by Balerno Parish Church and renamed "The St Josephs' Centre".[3]

Farmers Market

A farmers' market is held in Balerno Main Street on the second Saturday of each month. The Balerno Farmers Market is run by Balerno Village Trust

Balerno Village Screen

2013 saw the launch of Balerno Village Screen - a community cinema project with free admission and funded by donations. The screenings are shown monthly on the first Saturday of every month in the Ogston Hall and the St Joseph's Centre. So far around 400 villagers have turned out per screening to watch the films.[4]

Music Festival

2008 saw the launch of Balerno's music festival with events held at Balerno Parish Church, Balerno Bowling Club, Balerno Parish Church New Hall, the Grey Horse Inn and the St Joseph's Centre.[5]

Red Moss Wildlife Reserve

Red Moss is one of only four raised bogs of sphagnum moss surviving in the Lothian region and a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Local newspaper

The Currie and Balerno News[6] is Balerno's community newspaper which also includes coverage of nearby Currie, Baberton and Juniper Green. Published monthly the paper features local news, a monthly police neighbourhood watch update, an SSPCA appeal, school news and coverage of local planning applications and developments.

Transport

See also Transport in Edinburgh

Historical

The Caledonian Railway built the Balerno line, a spur line from Slateford, via Colinton, which connected Balerno railway station to the centre of Edinburgh. The line saw an upsurge in housebuilding in Balerno. The last passenger train to run on the line was in 1943, and a High School was placed on the site of the goods station in 1983. The line runs adjacent to the Water of Leith river.

Present day

The A70 runs near the village. The village is serviced by the 44 bus route, which is operated by Lothian Buses. There is a 44A bus route that goes in a different direction up the Johnsburn Road. The route connects Balerno to Currie, Slateford, the City Centre, Brunstane and East Lothian. The village is also served by the Blue Bus service 24 bus route, which connects it to Juniper Green in one direction and East Calder and Livingston, but this runs only every two hours Monday to Friday.

Famous residents and Balerno High School alumni

References

  1. ^ Bòrd na Gàidhlig - History of Gaelic
  2. ^ http://www.scottishbonsai.org/page.cfm?page=12
  3. ^ Balerno Parish Church - The St Josephs' Centre
  4. ^ Balerno Village Screen
  5. ^ Best of Balerno Music Festival
  6. ^ Currie and Balerno News

External links

  • Balerno Community Council
  • Malleny Gardens
  • Balerno Music Festival
  • St Mungo's Church
  • Balerno Village Screen
  • Balerno Parish Church
  • Balerno Village Trust
  • Balerno Scouts
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