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Banganapalle State

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Banganapalle State

Banganapalle State
బనగానపల్లె
Princely State
1665–1948

Flag of Banganapalle

Flag

Location of Banganapalle
Map of the princely state of Banganapalle, 1893
History
 •  Established 1665
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 •  1901 712 km2 (275 sq mi)
Population
 •  1901 32,279 
Density 45.3 /km2  (117.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Andhra Pradesh, India
1913 map of the Madras Presidency showing location of the Banganapalle State

Banganapalle State was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded in 1665 and had its capital in Banganapalle. Its rulers were Shia Muslims and the last one signed the accession to the Indian Union on 23 February 1948.[1]

History

In 1601, Sultan Ismail Adil Shah of Bijapur conquered the fortress of Banganapalle from Raja Nanda Chakravathy. The fort and surrounding districts were placed under the control of his victorious general, Siddi Sambal, who held them until 1665. Muhammad Beg Khan-e Rosebahani was granted Banganapalle and the surrounding jagir in perpetual fiefdom but died without a male heir, leaving the jagir of Banganapalle to his grandson and adopted son, Faiz Ali Khan Bahadur. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered the Sultanate of Bijapur in 1686, but Faiz Ali Khan's fief was secured by the intervention of his maternal uncle Mubariz Khan, who served as Aurangzeb's viceroy of the Deccan.

Banganapalle was ruled by the descendants of Faiz Ali Khan initially as a fief of the Mughal empire, and after the Nizam of Hyderabad declared his independence from the Mughals in 1724, as a fief of Hyderabad. Faiz Ali Khan also died without a male heir, and Banganapalle was inherited by his grandson, Husain Ali Khan. Toward the end of Husain Ali Khan's reign, Hyder Ali of Mysore was expanding his power in the region, and Husain Ali Khan switched his allegiance to Hyder Ali. Husain Ali Khan died in 1783, and his young son, Ghulam Muhammad Ali, succeeded him, with his paternal uncle as regent. Within the space of a year, Hyder's successor Tipu Sultan had driven them from Banganapalle; they took refuge in Hyderabad, returning to reclaim Banganapalle in 1789. Shortly thereafter, the nearby jagir of Chenchelimala was acquired by the Nawab of Banganapalle through marriage.

Banganapalle became a princely state of British India in the early 19th century. The British governor of the Madras Presidency twice took over the administration of the state for financial mismanagement, the first time from 1832 to 1848, and the second time for a few months in 1905.

In 1901, the princely state of Banganapalle had a population of 32,264 and an area of 660 km² (255 sq. mi.).

In 1948, the ruler of Banganapalle acceded to newly independent India, and Banganapalle was incorporated into Kurnool district of the then Madras Presidency. In 1953, the northern districts of Madras State, including Kurnool District, became the new state of Andhra, which in 1956 became Andhra Pradesh

Rulers

Between c. 1665 and 1876 the rulers of Banganapalle State had the title "Kiladar".[2]

Kiladars

  • 1665 - 1686 Muhammad Beg Khan (d. c.1686)
  • 1686 - 1725 Muhammad Beg Khan-i-lung (d. 1725)
  • 1725 - 1728 Ata Khan (d. 1728)
  • 1728 - 1737 Fazil `Ali Khan I (d. 1737)
  • 1737 - 1769 Fazil `Ali Kahn II (d. 1769)
  • 7 Apr 1769 – 26 Aug 1783 Saiyid Husain Ali Khan (d. 1783) (personal style Khan Bahadur)
  • 1784 - 1790 Muhammad Yusuf -Mysore Administrator
  • 1790 - 1814 Mozaffar al-Molk Asad `Ali Khan - jointly with following:
    • 1790 - 8 Sep 1822 Gholam `Ali Khan I (d. 1825)
    • 8 Sep 1822 - 1831 Hosayn `Ali Khan (1st time) (d. 1848)
    • 12 Jul 1848 - 1848 Hosayn `Ali Khan (2nd time) (s.a.)
    • 1848 - 7 Oct 1868 Gholam Mohammad `Ali Khan II (d. 1868)
    • 7 Oct 1868 – 24 Jan 1876 Fath `Ali Khan (b. 1849 - d. 1905)

Nawabs

  • 24 Jan 1876 – 21 Apr 1905 Fath `Ali Khan (s.a.)
  • 21 Apr 1905 – 22 Jan 1922 Gholam `Ali Khan III (b. 1874 - d. 1922)
  • 21 Apr 1905 – 12 Dec 1908 John Chartres Molony -Regent (b. 1877 - d. 1948)
  • 22 Jan 1922 – 15 Aug 1947 Fadli `Ali Khan III (b. 1901 - d. 1948) (forced to reside outside state 1939-1947)

See also

References

  1. ^ Banganapalle Princely State (9 gun salute)
  2. ^ Princely States of India A-J

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