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Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians

Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians
Tribal flag
Total population
490[1]
Regions with significant populations
United States (California)
Languages
Ipai,[2] Tipai,[3] English
Religion
Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)[4]
Related ethnic groups
other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa,
Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa

The Barona Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians of the Barona Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians,[4] who are sometimes known as Mission Indians.

Contents

  • Reservations 1
  • Government 2
  • Economic development 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Reservations

In 1875, the tribe along with the Viejas Group of Capitan Grande Band of Mission Indians, controls the Capitan Grande Reservation, which consisted of barren, uninhabitable mountain lands. The El Capitan Reservoir, forcibly purchased from the two tribes to provide water for San Diego, submerged what habitable land existed on the reservation. The two tribes jointly control this reservation. It is undeveloped but serves as an ecological preserve.[5]

The Barona Reservation () is a federal Indian reservation located in San Diego County, California, near Lakeside[1] and the Cleveland National Forest. Founded in 1932, it is 5,181 acres (20.97 km2) large. Much of the highland valley has good farmland, the reservation hosts several ranches, a chapel, tribal offices, community center, and ball park, created by the tribe.[3] In 1973, 125 of the 156 enrolled members lived on the reservation.[2] The nearest community is San Diego Country Estates, which adjoins the reservation's northeast side.

Government

The Barona Band is headquartered in Lakeside, California. They are governed by a democratically elected, seven-person tribal council, who serve four-year terms. Their current administration is as follows:

  • Edwin "Thorpe" Romero, Chairman
  • Charles "Beaver" Curo, Vice-Chairman
  • Brandon Banegas, Councilman
  • Linda Curo, Councilwoman
  • Beth Glasco, Councilwoman
  • Adam Reyes, Councilman
  • Edward "Joe" Welch, Sr., Councilman[6]

Economic development

The tribe owns and operates the Barona Resort and Casino, AmBience Day Spa, Barona Creek Golf Club, Barona Oaks Steakhouse, Sage Café, Ranch House Buffet, HoWan Noodle Shop, and several other restaurants all in Lakeside.[7]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "California Indians and Their Reservations: B." SDSU Library and Information Access. (retrieved 6 June 2010)
  2. ^ a b Shipek, 612
  3. ^ a b Eargle, 201
  4. ^ a b Pritzker, 147
  5. ^ Eargle, 202
  6. ^ "The Barona Tribal Government." Barona Band of Mission Indians. (retrieved 6 June 2010)
  7. ^ "Barona Casino." 500 Nations. (retrieved 6 June 2010)

References

  • Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. Northern California Guide: Weaving the Past and Present. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 2000. ISBN 0-937401-10-2.
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
  • Shipek, Florence C. "History of Southern California Mission Indians." Handbook of North American Indians. Volume ed. Heizer, Robert F. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978. 610-618. ISBN 0-87474-187-4.

External links

  • Barona Band of Mission Indians, official website
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