World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle of Atakpamé

 

Battle of Atakpamé

Battle of Atakpamé
Date 1764
Location Atakpamé, Togo, West Africa
Result Withdrawal by Asanteman and reshaping of military policy to focus on established agenda namely, attempting to gain control of gold producing Akan states.
Belligerents
 Ashanti Empire Kingdom of Akyem and Akan Allies, Oyo Empire
Kingdom of Dahomey

The Battle of Atakpamé (1764) was an armed confrontation between the Ashanti Empire and neighboring Akan Allies under the leadership of the Kingdom of Akyem who joined up with the Oyo Empire and the Kingdom of Dahomey in and around Atakpamé in Togo[1]

Contents

  • Prelude 1
  • Casus Belli 2
  • The battle 3
  • Aftermath 4
  • See also 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • Sources 7

Prelude

During the 18th century, the Ashanti Empire was beset by a host of rebellions. This was due in large part, to the empire's policy of allowing conquered rulers a fair amount of autonomy as long as they paid tribute and provided military contingents when ordered.[2] The asantethene during this period was Kusi Oboadum, who had ascended the throne in 1750. During his reign, the southern states under Asante's influence such as Denkyira, Wassa, Twifo and Akyem became openly hostile and threatened the empire's commercial routes to the coast. This was not only a threat to Asante's commercial interests but to its national security, since its supply of firearms came from the coast.[3]

Casus Belli

In 1763, the Asante vassal state of Akyem made contact with the Kingdom of Dahomey while planning a rebellion with other dissidents within the empire, including the Kwahu and Brong.[2] Meanwhile, the bantamahene, one of the major Asante military officers,[4] had been relentlessly pressuring Asantehene Kusi Oboadum for war. Bantamahene Adu Gyamera had even gone so far as to threaten the ruler's impeachment. The asantehene did not order an invasion, however, until learning that the Akyem had sought out aid from the Oyo Empire.[3]

The battle

Sometime in 1764, the Ashanti army marched out to invade the Dahomey. The exact size of neither force is known. What historians are sure of is that the Ashanti army was ambushed in or near Atakpamé in what is now Togo. A force of Dahomean infantry, including the kingdom's elite Ahosi corps of female soldiers, as well as levies from the Oyo Empire, inflicted a crushing defeat on the Ashanti army.[2] During the battle, the Juabenhene (head of the royal clan of Oyoko) was killed.[3] The Ashanti army never reached Dahomey and was forced to retreat.

Aftermath

News reached European merchants trading with the alliance had inflicted a severe defeat on the Ashanti.[2] The consequences were far reaching in that the unpopular asantethene was removed and replaced by the more youthful Osei Kwadwo.[3] There were fewer documented confrontations between Ashanti and Dahomey in the early 19th century, but peace was the norm between them.[2] This particular battle caused Asanteman to refocus its foreign policy back to its original goals rather than spreading itself too thin.[5]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ http://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/African%20Journals/pdfs/Institue%20of%20African%20Studies%20Research%20Review/1973v9n1/asrv009001004.pdf
  2. ^ a b c d e Fage, page 315
  3. ^ a b c d Pescheux, page 449
  4. ^ Thornton, page 68
  5. ^ Thornton, page 79

Sources

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.