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Battle of Fengqiu


Battle of Fengqiu

Battle of Fengqiu
Part of the wars at the end of the Han dynasty
Date Spring of 193[1]
Location Fengqiu (封丘; present-day Fengqiu County, Xinxiang, Henan, China)
Result Cao Cao victory
Cao Cao Yuan Shu
Heishan Bandits
Commanders and leaders
Cao Cao Yuan Shu

The Battle of Fengqiu was fought between Cao Cao and Yuan Shu in the spring of 193[1] in the late Eastern Han dynasty. Cao Cao emerged victorious against Yuan Shu's forces.

The battle

Cao Cao's army was stationed in Juancheng (鄄城). Liu Biao, the Governor (牧) of Jing Province, cut off Yuan Shu's supply route. As a result, Yuan Shu led his army into Chenliu (陳留), garrisoning at Fengqiu (封丘), where the remnants of the Heishan Bandits and the Xiongnu chieftain Yufuluo provided him support. Yuan Shu sent his general Liu Xiang (劉詳) to garrison at Kuangting (匡亭).[2]

When Cao Cao attacked Liu Xiang, Yuan Shu reinforced Kuangting, where the latter was badly defeated. Yuan Shu retreated to defend Fengqiu. Cao Cao subsequently moved to surround the town before Yuan Shu could complete the movement, Yuan Shu fled to Xiangyi (襄邑). Cao Cao pursued to Taishou (太壽) and diverted the waters of the Qu River (渠水) from Xiangyi, cutting off the canal supplying water to the city. After, Yuan Shu fled to Ningling (寧陵) and Cao Cao pursued Yuan Shu retreat towards Jiujiang (九江). In summer, Cao Cao finally withdrew with his army to Dingtao (定陶).[3]


  1. ^ a b (四年春, ...) Chen Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms, Volume 1, Biography of Cao Cao.
  2. ^ (四年春,軍鄄城。荊州牧劉表斷術糧道,術引軍入陳留,屯封丘,黑山餘賊及於夫羅等佐之。) Chen Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms, Volume 1, Biography of Cao Cao.
  3. ^ (術使將劉詳屯匡亭。太祖擊詳,術救之,與戰,大破之。術退保封丘,遂圍之,未合,術走襄邑,追到太壽,決渠水灌城。走寧陵,又追之,走九江。夏,太祖還軍定陶。) Chen Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms, Volume 1, Biography of Cao Cao.

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