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Bear Flat

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Bear Flat

Bear Flat
Bear Flat is located in Somerset
Bear Flat
Bear Flat
 Bear Flat shown within Somerset
OS grid reference
Unitary authority Bath and North East Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATH
Postcode district BA2
Dialling code 01225
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bath
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Bear Flat is an area of Bath, Somerset, England, to the south of the city centre and to the west of Beechen Cliff (a hill and beauty spot which features in Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey). The Wellsway road (A367) to Shepton Mallet, runs through Bear Flat, forming part of the ancient British Roman Fosse Way. This was originally the main pilgrimage route from Bath and its abbey, to the nearby ecclesiastical centres of Wells and Glastonbury.

Bath is a hilly city and the term 'Flat' may be derived from the way the district is defined by a short plateau at the top of the steep Wells Road and Holloway routes out of the city centre, which forms the local business district. 'Bear' has nothing to do with the animal but is believed to be a contraction of an Anglo-Saxon name 'Berewick' - 'Bere' meaning Barley and 'Wick' being a settlement - a settlement near a barley field.[1] Such a field would have been part of Barrack Farm, which was located in the area but demolished in the 19th century to make way for housing. Physical evidence of the former farm exists at the top of the Wellsway at Odd Down with a pair of houses known as Barrack Farm Cottages.

Location

To reach Bear Flat from the centre of Bath, the original route was up the steep street of Holloway (either the 'holy way', or a way hollowed out as it climbs around the shoulder of Beechen Cliff). Holloway was a possible southern route of the Fosse Way out of Bath and has a 14th-century pilgrims' church, the Magdalen Chapel and well (recently restored but without water). To the north of the chapel is the eighteenth century Magdalen Cottage, a former leper hospital but now a private dwelling. In the nineteenth century, another route out of the city centre to Bear Flat was constructed, an early example of a by-pass with slightly gentler slope. Now called Wells Road, the route was named on some early maps simply as the Wells-Exeter Road. Holloway has been closed to traffic at the northern end since the late 1960s, when the area was extensively and quite controversially redeveloped during a period in the immediate post war decades known as The Sack of Bath. Vehicles now take the Wells Road out of Bath towards Radstock, while pedestrians and cyclists can still follow Holloway up the hill.

At the top of the hill to the east of Bear Flat is Alexandra Park, which affords fine views over the city. This was opened in 1903 and named in honour of Lyncombe Vale. This was formerly the route of the Bath branch of the Somerset and Dorset Railway, and the Combe Down Tunnel which at 1700 metres in length was reputed to be the longest unventilated rail tunnel in Britain. This tunnel, together with the shorter Devonshire Tunnel, were both reopened as part of the Two Tunnels Greenway on the 6th April 2013 forming part of the National Cycle Network NCR244.

Geography

Buildings and Services

The Victorian and Edwardian district of large terraced houses and forms a part of the wider City of Bath conservation area. Poets' Corner comprises four avenues (Shakespeare, Milton, Kipling and Longfellow), which all lead directly perpendicular from the Wellsway) with Chaucer Road running through the estate parallel to Wellsway. Other 'Poet' locations include Byron Road and Shelley Road. Other streets include Devonshire Place, Attewell Place (formerly Cross's Yard) and Greenway Court.

The area at the top of the hill where the Wells Road meets Holloway and becomes the Wellsway has been a local commercial centre for some time. Before the Second World War it included various shops including a bank and a chemist. During the Second World War, Bear Flat was targeted in the 'Baedeker' raids on the city of Bath, and damage was done to the area near the junction of the Wellsway and Holloway. Images can be seen at The Bath Blitz Memorial Site. Some of the modern shops are in premises that have been rebuilt since the war.

Bear Flat still has a range of shops, including a small Co-operative supermarket, another local convenience store which includes a sub post office, Andrews and Mark Naylor estate agents, Rolfeys Antique Shop, a branch of Carphone Warehouse, Majestic Wine, Da Vinci's delicatessen, and various other businesses including a chemist, hairdresser, barber, florist and a charity shop.

For people who wish to eat in Bear Flat there is a pizza take-away, a Bangladeshi restaurant, Menu Gordon Jones, whose owner/chef is gaining both local and national accolades,[2] Da Vinci also provides coffee and lunch. There are also two public houses; The Bear which comprises a restaurant and now provides accommodation[3] and the more traditional Devonshire Arms, which also serves food, has numerous sporting attractions including a traditional skittle alley and provides venue space.[4] The Bear pub was formerly a brewery and public house but was severely damaged by a bomb in the Second World War and subsequently demolished - the current pub is post-war and features a large polar bear on its front roof which has become the emblem for the Bear Flat Association.[5]

The Beechen Cliff Methodist Church is located at the bottom of Shakespeare Avenue, with Bruton Community Hall, the home of the monthly Bear Flat Community Market and the Bear Flat Pre-school located at the rear in Bruton Avenue. There are a number of bed and breakfast businesses attracted by the convenient access to the city centre, together with a double glazing showroom and building company on the east side of the Wellsway. The Royal Photographic Society, which had its national headquarters at Milsom Street in the city centre, moved to Bear Flat in 2006.

Bear Flat Artists

Each year a large group of local artists and crafts people, including painters, potters/ceramicists, sculptors, jewellers and photographers organise an Open Studios event over the Spring Bank Holiday weekend. Numerous homes are opened to the public during this weekend and The Bear Hotel provides space for the artists to display their work, much of this work is also for sale.[6]

References

  1. ^ Elliott, Kirsten T.; Andrew Thomas Swift (2003). Bath Pubs. Akeman Press.  
  2. ^ http://www.menugordonjones.co.uk
  3. ^ http://www.bearbath.co.uk/accommodation.php
  4. ^ http://www.devonshire-arms-bath.co.uk
  5. ^ http://www.bearflat.org.uk
  6. ^ Bear Flat Artists
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