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Begusarai

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Title: Begusarai  
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Subject: Bihar, Munger Division, Barauni, Sriti Jha, Munger Ganga Bridge
Collection: Begusarai, Cities and Towns in Anga Desh, Cities and Towns in Begusarai District
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Begusarai

Begusarai
बेगुसराय
Metropolitan City
Begusarai is located in Bihar
Begusarai
Location of Begusarai in Bihar
Coordinates:
Country  India
State Bihar
District Begusarai
Area
 • Total 1,918 km2 (741 sq mi)
Elevation 41 m (135 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 252,008
 • Density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN CODE 851101[1]
Telephone code 06243
Sex ratio 0.9109 /
Lok Sabha constituency Begusarai
Vidhan Sabha constituency Begusarai
Website .in.nic.bihbegusarai

Begusarai is a city and a municipal corporation in Begusarai district in the state of Bihar, India. Begusarai district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar and Begusarai city is the administrative headquarters of this district. It the fastest growing and developing city.The city lies on the northern bank of the Ganges river . It is located at latitudes 25.15N & 25.45N and longitudes 85.45E & 86.36E. Begusarai is the birthplace of famous Hindi poet Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and eminent historian Professor Ram Saran Sharma and Dr. Akhileshwar Kumar. Begusarai is known for its IOCL Barauni Oil Refinery , Barauni Thermal Power Station and several other Industries as Begusarai is known as Financial Capital of Bihar. Begusarai was formerly part of Munger district or Monghyr (as per British Ruler's official spelling) . The places in Begusarai which are most highlighted are Bihat , Noorpur, Madhrapur, Teghra, Bachhawara, Deona, Barauni, Balia, Dira these places are considered as most powerful places of Begusarai District due to strong hold of Communist Party of India[2] Begusarai had traditionally been a communist stronghold and was earlier also referred to as the Leningrad of Bihar.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • District Museum 2
  • Geography 3
  • Climate 4
  • Demographics 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The name of the district apparently comes from "Begum" (queen) and "Sarai" (inn). The Begum of Bhagalpur used to visit "Simaria Ghat" (holy place on the banks of the Gangas) for a month of pilgrimage, which later took to the slang of Begusarai.[2] Begusarai was established in 1870 as a subdivision of Munger District. In 1972, it was given district status after a strong pressure on the government by Late Rai Saheb Bhubneshwari Sahai, a charismatic leader of the local community who was also the first person in the district to be awarded the prestigious title of Rai Saheb under the British Raj.

District Museum

In the year 1981, a museum named as Begusarai Museum was established with the artifacts and art objects collected within and the adjoining area.

There are some very good specimens of Pala, stone sculptures of Vishnu, Ganesh, Sun, Buddha, Nandi etc. Almost thousands of coins make a rich property of this museum. The coins displayed here represent a long span of time right from Mauryan India to that under British Rule. Accordingly, potteries of different cultural strata – Black and Red ware, NBP, Black ware, Red ware, Muslim ware etc. are displayed here. The Museum has a rich collection of terracottas and Manuscripts as well. [4]

Geography

Begusarai is located at .[5] It has an average elevation of 41 metres (134 feet). It has an area of 1879 square.

Climate

Being part of the Gangetic plains of the Indian subcontinent, the district experiences three climatic seasons – the summer season from March to mid June, the monsoon season from mid June to October and the winter season from November to February. The month of February & March fall in the transitional season from winter to summer described as Spring or “Basant”. Similarly the months of September & October falls in the transitional season from the monsoon season to the winter season and described as “Shishir”.

Demographics

As per 2011 census Begusarai Municipal Corporation had a total population of 251,136, out of which 133,931 were males and 117,205 were females with sex ratio at 875. The population younger than 5 years of age a was 37,966. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 79.35%.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ 851101
  2. ^ a b [2].
  3. ^ Arun Kumar (2009-03-23). "ULB launches poll campaign".  
  4. ^ http://begusaraiheritage.com/pages/gallery-pop/mon-5.html
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Begusarai
  6. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 

External links

  • http://begusarai.bih.nic.in/
  • http://paprour.com/
  • http://begusaraiheritage.com/history.html
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