World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Berdan River

Article Id: WHEBN0025965612
Reproduction Date:

Title: Berdan River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mezitli River, Tarsus, Mersin, Gözlükule, Kara Dere, Müftü River
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Berdan River

Berdan River from the south
Berdan waterfall (Turkish: Tarsus şelalesi) from the east

The Berdan River, also called the Tarsus River (Latin:Cydnus), is a river in Mersin Province, south Turkey. The historical city of Tarsus is by the river.

Geography

The main headwaters are in the Toros Mountains. There are two main tributaries: Kadıncık and Pamukluk (its upper reaches are called Cehennem Deresi). Total length of the river is 124 kilometres (77 mi) (including Kadıncık). Although the river is quite short, the average flow rate[1] is 42 m3/s, which is higher than most short rivers in the vicinity. The drainage basin is 1592 km2. It flows to the Mediterranean Sea at . Just north of Tarsus there is a waterfall on the river, which is a popular picnic area for Tarsus residents.

Dams

There are four dams on Berdan. These are used both for controlling floods and for producing electricity.[2] But the lower reaches of the river flow in an agricultural area, and because of the pollution caused by fertilisers the dams in the lower reaches are not used for drinking water.

Name of the dam Construction date Installed power, MW [3]
Kadıncık I 1971 70
Kadıncık II 1974 56
Berdan 1996 10
Pamuk 2003 23.9

Trivia

The Berdan River flows in one of the warmest regions of Turkey, but its upper reaches in the Toros Mountains make the water much cooler than the surrounding streams. History has two very well known accounts of heath problems caused by swimming in the river. In 333 BC Alexander the Great and in 833 AD Caliph Al-Ma'mun both swam in the river and both fell ill (pneumonia?); Al Mamun died of the illness.

References

  1. ^ A report by University of Mersin (in English)
  2. ^ , Mersin BranchChamber of Electrical EngineersA report by (in Turkish)
  3. ^ 1 MW. = 106 W.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.