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Title: Bokode  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Automatic identification and data capture, Barcodes, Code 11, Patch Code, RM4SCC
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Bokode encodes information in the bokeh of an image
A Bokode tag taken in and out-of-focus.

A bokode is a type of data tag which holds thousands of times more information than a barcode over the same area. They were developed by a team at the MIT Media Lab.[1] The bokode pattern is a tiled series of Data Matrix codes. The name is a portmanteau of the words bokeh (a photographic term) and barcode. Rewritable bokodes are called bocodes. They are circular with a diameter of 3mm. A bokode consists of an LED covered with a mask and a lens. They are readable from different angles and from 4 meters (13 feet) away by an SLR camera. Powered bokodes are expensive because of the LED and the power it requires, but there are prototypes which manage with reflected light.[2]

Bokodes convey a privacy advantage compared to Radio-frequency identification tags: bokodes can be covered up with anything opaque, whereas RFID tags must be masked by material opaque to radio frequencies, such as the sleeve provided by the NYSDMV when issuing enhanced State IDs.[2]


  1. ^ Barcode replacement shown off, BBC News, 27 July 2009.
  2. ^ a b Ankit Mohan, Grace Woo, Shinsaku Hiura, Quinn Smithwick, Ramesh Raskar: Bokode: Imperceptible Visual Tags for Camera Based Interaction from a Distance, Camera Culture Group, MIT Media Lab.

External links

  • MIT Media Lab: Bokode
  • Camera Culture Group
  • Didactic article on Bokode "The Future of Barcodes"
  • Bokode FAQ
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