World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bolivian Navy

Article Id: WHEBN0003518823
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bolivian Navy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Military of Bolivia, Navies by country, Adolfo Ballivián, Guayaramerín, Riverine warfare
Collection: Military of Bolivia, Navies by Country, Riverine Warfare
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bolivian Navy

Naval Ensign of Bolivia

The Bolivian Navy (Spanish : Armada Boliviana) is a branch of the Bolivian Armed Forces. As of 2008, the Bolivian Naval Force had approximately 5,000 personnel.[1] Although Bolivia has been landlocked since the War of the Pacific in 1879, Bolivia established a River and Lake Force (Fuerza Fluvial y Lacustre) in January 1963 under the Ministry of National Defense. It consisted of four boats supplied from the United States and 1,800 personnel recruited largely from the Bolivian Army. The Bolivian Navy was renamed the Bolivian Naval Force (Fuerza Naval Boliviana) in January 1966, but it has since been called the Bolivian Navy (Armada Boliviana) as well. It became a separate branch of the armed forces in 1963. Bolivia has large rivers which are tributaries to the Amazon which are patrolled to prevent smuggling and drug trafficking. Bolivia also maintains a naval presence on Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world, across which runs the Peruvian frontier.

Landlocked Bolivia has not reconciled with the loss of its coast to Chile and the Navy exists to keep the hope alive of recovering its coast by cultivating a maritime consciousness.[2] The Bolivian Navy takes part in many parades and government functions, but none more so than the Día Del Mar (Day of the Sea) in which Bolivia, every year, re-vindicates its claim for an unspecified sovereign access to the sea.

Bolivia claims the country had access to the sea at independence in 1825. In the Boundary Treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia the involved parties agreed on a border line that established a sea access for Bolivia recognized by Chile. In the War of the Pacific (1879–1883) Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and conquered the Bolivian coastal territories. The recovery of its coastline is a matter of honor in Bolivia, influencing many modern-day political actions and trade decisions.


  • Organization 1
    • Marine Corps 1.1
      • Naval Military Police 1.1.1
  • Strength 2
    • Watercraft 2.1
    • Naval aviation 2.2
    • Naval Infantry 2.3
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The Navy is organized into ten naval districts with flotilla headquarters in Guaqui, Guayaramerín, Puerto Suárez, Riberalta, and San Pedro de Tiquina and bases in Puerto Busch, Puerto Horquilla, Puerto Villarroel, Trinidad, and Rurrenabaque.

Naval vessels include several dozen boats, a dozen or more of which are for riverine patrol. Seagoing vessels, including the American-made PR-51 Santa Cruz de la Sierra and several other vessels sail the oceans with the Bolivian flag with the granted permission of the "Capitanias Navales" Naval Registration Office. The Libertador Simón Bolívar, a ship acquired from Venezuela, used to sail from its home port in Rosario, Argentina on the River Paraná. In 1993 the Navy was formally renamed the Naval Force (Fuerza Naval) and moved with the Bolivian Army under a single military authority.

Most of the officers attend the Bolivian Naval Academy, graduating with a Bachelor of Science in Military and Naval Science, accredited by the Military University. Many naval officers later go onto to further studies on the undergraduate and graduate level. Argentina's Naval Military Group in Bolivia advises on naval strategy and tactics. Many Bolivian officers train in ocean sailing on Argentinian seagoing naval ships. The Force has several Special Operations units to address both internal and external threats.

The Naval Force covers the extensive Bolivian inland waterways divided between the following Naval Districts which are named after the basin or region where they operate:

    • DN1 First Naval District "BENI" —— (DN1 Primer Distrito Naval "BENI")
    • DN2 Second Naval District "MAMORA" —— (DN2 Segundo Distrito Naval- "MAMORE")
    • DN3 Third Naval District "MADERA" —— (DN3 Tercer Distrito Naval "MADERA")
    • DN4 Fourth Naval District "TITICACA" —— (DN4 Cuarto Distrito Naval "TITICACA")
    • DN5 Fifth Naval District "SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA" —— (DN5 Quinto Distrito Naval "SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA")
    • Sixth Naval District DN6 "COBIJA" —— (DN6 Sexto Distrito Naval "COBIJA")
Bolivian marines marching in Cochabamba.
    • The Naval Service Areas:
      • AN 1 "COCHABAMBA" —— (AN 1 "COCHABAMBA")
      • AN 2 "SANTA CRUZ" —— (AN 2 "SANTA CRUZ")
      • AN 3 "BERMEJO" —— (AN 3 "BERMEJO")
      • AN 4 "LA PAZ" —— (AN 4 "LA PAZ")
    • Special Operation capable units:
      • Task Force "Blue Devils" —— (Fuerza de Tarea "Diablos Azules)
      • SINDA Naval Intelligence Service of the Bolivian Navy —— (Servicio de Inteligencia Naval)
      • Immediate Response Group GRIN —— (Grupo de Reacción Inmediata GRIN)
      • The High Altitude Diving Training Center —— (El Centro de Instrucción de Buceo en Altura)
      • Command Training Center Amphibians

Marine Corps

Naval Bolivian Infantry on top of inflatable boats.

The Marine component of the FNB originated with the creation of the Marine Battalion Almirante Grau in the early 1980s. This force consists of 600 men is based on Tiquina Naval Base on Lake Titicaca. Later changes name to Marine Battalion Independence, based in Chua Cocani (Not to be confused with the Independence RI17 EB). At present this battalion maintains a similar number of troops including paramilitaries. The personnel of this unit are either part of Task Force Blue Devils or are stationed in various naval bases. There are currently seven infantry battalions which are distributed as follows:

  • First Naval District "BENI" —— (Primer Distrito Naval "BENI")
    • I Marine Battalion "Bagué" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina I "Bagué")
  • Second Naval District "MAMORA" —— (Segundo Distrito Naval "MAMORE")
    • II Marine Battalion "Tocopilla" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina II "Tocopilla")
  • Third Naval District "MADERA" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina II "Tocopilla")
    • III Marine Battalion "Mejillones" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina III "Mejillones")
  • Fourth Naval District Titicaca —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina III "Mejillones")
    • IV Marine Battalion "Alianza" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina IV "Alianza")
    • VI Mechanized Marine Battalion "Independence" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina Mecanizada VI "Independencia")
  • Fifth Naval District "SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA" —— (Quinto Distrito Naval "SANTA CRUZ DE LA SIERRA")
    • V Marine Battalion Calama —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina V "Calama")
  • Sixth Naval District "COBIJA" —— (Sexto Distrito Naval "COBIJA")
    • VII Marine Battalion "Columna Porvenir" —— (Batallón de Infantería de Marina VII "Columna Porvenir")
  • National Marine Security Corps

Naval Military Police

The Policía Militar Naval or PMN is a speciality similar to its counterpart to the Army's Military Police, carrying out operations such as Important Persons Protection (IPP), Physical Security (SEF), or Patrol Facility (PAT) with additional duties such as Signals or naval protocol. There Naval detachments of PM in all district headquarters and FNB Naval Area. But only have the following units at the Battalion:

  • AN 4 "La Paz" —— AN 4 "Peace"
    • Naval Military Police Battalion No. 1 —— (Batallón de Policía Militar Naval N° 1)
  • AN 1 "COCHABAMBA" —— AN 1 "Cochabamba"
    • Naval Military Police Battalion No. 2 "Quiver" —— (Batallón de Policia Militar Naval N° 2 "Carcaje")
  • Naval Military Police Battalion No. 3 —— (Batallón de Policía Militar Naval N° 3)
  • Fourth Naval District Titicaca —— (Cuarto Distrito Naval "TITICACA")
    • Naval Military Police Battalion No. 4 —— (Batallón de Policía Militar Naval N° 4)



The Bolivian Navy has a total of 173 vessels, many stationed on Lake Titicaca:


  • 1 PR-51 Class patrol boat
  • 6 Capitan Bretel patrol boats
  • 4 Lake patrol boats
  • 32 Boston Whalers

Other ships:

  • 8 Piranha assault boats Mk.1
  • 3 Hospital ships
  • 2 Hydrocarbon transports
  • 2 Tankers
  • 1 Transport vessel (Libertador Simón Bolívar)
  • 1 Training ship

Naval aviation

The Bolivian Naval Force operates two utility aircraft for the use of headquarters.

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[3] Notes
Cessna 206 Stationair  United States Utility 206G 1
Cessna 402  United States Utility 402C 1

Naval Infantry

The Bolivian Naval Force retains about 2,000 naval infantry personnel and marines.

See also


  1. ^ Carroll, Rory (August 28, 2008). "Bolivia's landlocked sailors pine for the high seas". The Guardian (London). Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  2. ^ Bolivia's Morales to take Chile sea dispute to court - BBC News, 24 Mar 2011. "The demand for the return of its lost coastline is the subject of powerful national sentiment in Bolivia. The landlocked Andean nation maintains a small navy, and schoolchildren are taught that regaining access to the sea is a patriotic duty."
  3. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.

External links

  • Bolivian Navy - official website (Spanish)
  • Bolivian Navy from Nations Encyclopedia
  • Bolivian Navy Ensign
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.