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Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture

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Title: Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture  
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Language: English
Subject: Northern Xinjiang Railway, Mongols in China, Alashankou, Bole, Xinjiang, Sayram Lake
Collection: Autonomous Prefectures of the People's Republic of China, Mongols in China, Prefecture-Level Divisions of Xinjiang
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Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture

Bortala Prefecture
博尔塔拉州
ᠪᠣᠷᠢᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠᠵᠧᠦ
بۆرتالا ئوبلاستى
Autonomous prefectures
Alataw Pass in Bortala Prefecture
Alataw Pass in Bortala Prefecture
Bortala Mongol prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Bortala Mongol prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Country People's Republic of China
Region Xinjiang
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州
Mongolian name
Mongolian script ᠪᠣᠷᠢᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ
Uyghur name
Uyghur
بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Oirat name
Oirat ᡋᡆᠷᡆᡐᠠᠯᠠ ᡏᡆᡊᡎᡆᠯ ᡄᡋᡄᠷᡄᡃᠨ ᠴᠠᠰᠠᡍᡇ ᡓᡇᡇ
Borotala mongγol ebereen zasaqu ǰuu

Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州; Uyghur: بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى‎), abbreviated to Bortala (Chinese: 博州; pinyin: Bózhōu), is a Mongol autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It has an area of 27,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi). Bole is its capital. "Boro tala" comes from the Mongolian language, and means "brown steppe".

Geography

Bortala is located in the southwestern part of the Dzungarian Basin. It occupies a V-shaped basin between the Dzungarian Alatau in the northwest and the Borohoro Mountains in the southwest.

The prefecture borders Kazakhstan to the north and west, and has an international border of 385 km (239 mi). To the east it borders Wusu City and Toli County of Tacheng Prefecture; to the south it borders Nilka County, Yining County, and Huocheng County of Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture.

The prefecture has two large lakes, Ebi-Nur and Sayram Lake.

Administrative divisions

Bortala is divided into two county-level cities, Bole and Alashankou; and two counties: Jinghe County and Wenquan County. In addition, it is home to the Fifth Agricultural Division of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and its 11 regiment-level farms / ranches.

# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Bole [Bortala] 博乐市 Bólè Shì بۆرتالا شەھىرى Börtala Shehiri ᠪᠣᠷᠢᠲᠠᠯ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 235,585 7,802 30.19
4 Alashankou 阿拉山口市 Ālāshānkǒu Shì ﺋﺎﻻﺗﺎﯞ ﺋﯧﻐﯩﺰﻯ Alatav Ighizi ᠠᠯᠠᠭ ᠠᠭᠤᠯᠠ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 10,000(?) 43 232.55
2 Jinghe [Jing] County 精河县 Jīnghé Xiàn جىڭ ناھىيىسى Jing Nahiyisi ᠵᠢᠩ ᠾᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 141,593 11,189 12.65
3 Wenquan [Arixang] County 温泉县 Wēnquán Xiàn ئارىشاڭ ناھىيىسى Arishang Nahiyisi ᠷᠠᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 66,502 5,862 11.34

History

The [[Tang

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