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Boyle Heights, Los Angeles

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Boyle Heights, Los Angeles

Boyle Heights
Neighborhood of Los Angeles
Breed Street Shul
Breed Street Shul
Boundaries of Boyle Heights as drawn by the Los Angeles Times
Boundaries of Boyle Heights as drawn by the Los Angeles Times
Boyle Heights is located in Los Angeles
Boyle Heights
Boyle Heights
Location within Los Angeles
Coordinates:
Government
 • City Council José Huizar (D)
 • State Assembly John Pérez (D)
 • State Senate Kevin de León (D)
 • U.S. House Xavier Becerra (D)
Area[1]
 • Total 17 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total 92,785
 • Density 5,507/km2 (14,262/sq mi)
ZIP Code 90023, 90033, 90063
Area code(s) 213, 323

Boyle Heights is a working-class, predominantly Mexican American, youthful neighborhood of almost 100,000 residents east of Downtown Los Angeles in the City of Los Angeles. The district has more than twenty public schools, and ten private schools. It has several notable buildings and sites, and a number of notable people have lived in Boyle Heights or been connected with it. Though sometimes mistakenly thought to be part of the independent East Los Angeles, Boyle Heights is within Los Angeles city proper.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Population 2
  • Government and infrastructure 3
  • Education 4
    • Schools 4.1
      • Public 4.1.1
      • Private 4.1.2
  • Geography 5
    • Notable places 5.1
      • Existing 5.1.1
      • Demolished 5.1.2
  • Notable residents 6
    • Politics 6.1
    • Sports 6.2
    • Arts and culture 6.3
    • Publishing 6.4
    • Other 6.5
  • Film and video 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Boyle Heights was once called Paredon Blanco (White Bluff) when California was part of Mexico.[2]

Plan of Boyle Heights in 1877, with the Los Angeles River across the center
and Los Angeles city in the background

Population

In the 1950s, Boyle Heights was racially and ethnically diverse, with Jews, Latinos, and Japanese Americans living in the neighborhood. Bruce Phillips, a sociologist who tracked Jewish communities across the United States, said that Jewish families left Boyle Heights not because of racism, but instead because of banks redlining the neighborhood (denying home loans) and the construction of several freeways through the community, which led to the loss of many houses.[3] [4]

As of the 2000 census, there were 92,785 people in the neighborhood, which was considered "not especially diverse" ethnically,[5] with the racial composition of the neighborhood at 94.0% Latino, 2.3% Asian, 2.0% White (non-Hispanic), 0.9% African American, and 0.8% other races. The median household income was $33,235, low in comparison to the rest of the city. The neighborhood's population was also one of the youngest in the city, with a median age of just 25.[1]

As of 2011, 95% of the community was Hispanic and Latino. The community had Mexican Americans, Mexican immigrants, and Central American ethnic residents. Hector Tobar of the Los Angeles Times said, "The diversity that exists in Boyle Heights today is exclusively Latino".[3]

Latino communities These were the ten cities or neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Latino residents, according to the 2000 census:[§ 1]

  1. ^ [1] "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
The Mariachi Plaza station, 2009, one of two underground stations in Boyle Heights

Government and infrastructure

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Central Health Center in Downtown Los Angeles, serving Boyle Heights.[6]

The United States Postal Service's Boyle Heights Post Office is located at 2016 East 1st Street.[7]

From 1889 through 1909 the city was divided into nine wards. In 1899 a motion was introduced at the Ninth Ward Development Association to use the name Boyle Heights to apply to all the highlands of the Ninth Ward, including Brooklyn Heights, Euclid Heights, and the aforementioned Boyle Heights.[8]

Education

Just 5% of Boyle Heights residents aged 25 and older had earned a four-year degree by 2000, a low percentage for the city and the county. The percentage of residents in that age range who had not earned a high school diploma was high for the county.[9]

Schools

The schools within Boyle Heights are as follows:[10]

Public

  • SIATech Boyle Heights Independent Study, Charter High School, 501 South Boyle Avenue
  • Extera Public School, Charter Elementary, 1942 E. 2nd Street and 2226 E. 3rd Street
  • Extera Public School #2, Charter Elementary, 1015 S. Lorena Street
  • Francisco Bravo Medical Magnet High School, alternative, 1200 North Cornwell Street
  • Theodore Roosevelt High School, 456 South Mathews Street
  • Mendez High School 1200 Playa Del Sol
  • Animo Oscar De La Hoya Charter High School, 1114 South Lorena Street
  • Boyle Heights Continuation School, 544 South Mathews Street* Central Juvenile Hall, 1605 Eastlake Avenue
  • Hollenbeck Middle School, 2510 East Sixth Street
  • Robert Louis Stevenson Middle School, 725 South Indiana Street
  • KIPP Los Angeles College Preparatory, charter middle, 2810 Whittier Boulevard
  • Murchison Street Elementary School, 1501 Murchison Street
  • Evergreen Avenue Elementary School, 2730 Ganahi Street
  • Sheridan Street Elementary School, 416 North Cornwell Street
  • Malabar Street Elementary School, 3200 East Malabar Street
  • Breed Street Elementary School, 2226 East Third Street
  • First Street Elementary School, 2820 East First Street
  • Second Street Elementary School, 1942 East Second Street
  • Soto Street Elementary School, 1020 South Soto Street
  • Euclid Avenue Elementary School, 806 Euclid Avenue
  • Sunrise Elementary School, 2821 East Seventh Street
  • Utah Street Elementary School, 255 Gabriel Garcia Marquez Street
  • Bridge Street Elementary School, 605 North Boyle Avenue
  • Garza (Carmen Lomas) Primary Center, elementary, 2750 East Hostetter Street
  • Christopher Dena Elementary School, 1314 Dacotah Street
  • Learning Works Charter School, 1916 East First Street
  • Lorena Street Elementary School, 1015 South Lorena Street
  • PUENTE Learning Center, 501 South Boyle Avenue
  • East Los Angeles Occuptional Center (Adult Education), 2100 Marengo Street [11]
Hollenbeck Home for the Aged, 573 S Boyle Ave. Built in 1918, photo taken 1956.

Private

  • Bishop Mora Salesian High School, 960 South Soto Street
  • Santa Teresita Elementary School, 2646 Zonal Avenue
  • Assumption Elementary School, 3016 Winter Street
  • Saint Mary Catholic Elementary School, 416 South Saint Louis Street
  • Our Lady of Talpa, elementary, 411 South Evergreen Avenue
  • East Los Angeles Light and Life Christian School, 207 South Dacotah Street
  • Santa Isabel Elementary School, 2424 Whittier Boulevard
  • Dolores Mission School, elementary, 170 South Gless Street
  • Cristo Viene Christian School, 3607 Whittier Boulevard
  • Resurrection, elementary, 3360 East Opal Street
  • White Memorial Adventist School, 1605 New Jersey Street
  • PUENTE Learning Center, 501 South Boyle Avenue

Geography

Boyle Heights' relation to other places, not necessarily contiguous:

Notable places

Existing

Demolished

Notable residents

Politics

  • Sheldon Andelson, first openly gay person to be appointed to the University of California Regents or any high position in state government[18]
  • Hal Bernson, Los Angeles City Council member, 1979–2003[19]
  • Martin V. Biscailuz, attorney and Common Council member, 1884–85[20][21]
  • Howard E. Dorsey, City Council member, 1937[22]
  • Oscar Macy, county sheriff and member of the Board of Supervisors[23]
  • Judge Harry Pregerson, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
  • Edward R. Roybal, Democrat in the U.S. House of Representatives for the 30th District and later for the 25th District of California; member of the Los Angeles City Council[24]
  • Winfred J. Sanborn, City Council member, 1925–29[25]
  • Antonio Villaraigosa, Mayor of Los Angeles[26]
  • Zev Yaroslavsky, Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, 3rd District[27]

Sports

Arts and culture

Publishing

Other

  • Victor Manuel Lopez, former Guinness World Record holder[42]

Film and video

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ 56.3 (2004) 663-661American QuarterlyGeorge J. Sanchez, "What's Good for Boyle Heights is Good for the Jews: Creating Multiculturalism on the Eastside during the 1950s,"
  3. ^ a b Tobar, Hector. "A look back at the Boyle Heights melting pot." Los Angeles Times. December 9, 2011. Retrieved on December 10, 2011.
  4. ^ well if he said that where is it in the article. The Jews left Boyle Heights because neighborhoods elsewhere were opening up such as Fairfax and in the San Fernando Valley. If anything, it would remain to the benefit of the Jews to retain ownership in whatever buildings they had in the neighborhood to rent to those that would move there due to the vacancies caused by the housing transfer of the Jews.
  5. ^ [2] Diversity "measures the probability that any two residents, chosen at random, would be of different ethnicities. If all residents are of the same ethnic group it's zero. If half are from one group and half from another it's .50." —Los Angeles Times
  6. ^ "Central Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  7. ^ "Post Office Location - BOYLE HEIGHTS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 7, 2008.
  8. ^ "WHAT'S IN A NAME Ninth Ward Citizens Vote in Favor of Boyle Heights", "Los Angeles Herald" 24 May 1899
  9. ^ Los Angeles Times"Boyle Heights," Mapping L.A.,
  10. ^ [3] "Boyle Heights Schools," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  11. ^ East Los Angeles Service Area- ELAOC
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b
  15. ^
  16. ^ [4] Jewish Journal
  17. ^ Spitzzeri, Paul R. (November 7, 2011) "The Los Angeles Orphans' Asylum" Boyle Heights History Blog
  18. ^ December 30, 1987Los Angeles Times,Kevin Roderick, "Andelson Dies of AIDS; Gay Regent, Activist,"
  19. ^ April 24, 1997Los Angeles Times,Dade Hayes, "Reward Offered in Sexual Assault Case,"
  20. ^ Online Archive of California
  21. ^ An Unofficial Guide to Los Angeles County Law Enforcement and Fire Department History Through Photos, Badges, and Patches
  22. ^ Los Angeles Public Library reference file This file was compiled in 1937 by Works Progress Administration worker Clare Wallace from an interview with Dorsey on June 23 of that year and from newspaper articles.
  23. ^ Now part of North Cummings Street.[5] Location of the Oscar Macy home here on Mapping L.A.
  24. ^ "Southland Mourns Death of Edward Roybal," ABC-7 News
  25. ^ Devin Carroll, Brian Carroll and Wayne Raymond, Winfred and Mamie Sanborn (privately printed)
  26. ^
  27. ^ May 9, 2003Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles,Amy Klein, "Aliyah Perspectives,"
  28. ^ Los Angeles Times – January 29, 2011 Obituary
  29. ^ April 17, 2000Sports Illustrated,Franz Lidz, "Up and Down in Beverly Hills,"
  30. ^ Yoli Martinez, "Iconic Hispanic Angelenos in History: Oscar Zeta Acosta", "KCET Departures" Oct 2, 2012
  31. ^ David Kamp "Live at the Whisky"
  32. ^ Tere Tereba "Mickey Cohen: The Life and Crimes of L.A.'s Notorious Mobster" ECW Press 2012
  33. ^ John Thurber "Norman Granz, 83; Visionary of the Jazz World Was Producer, Promoter and Social Conscience", "Los Angeles Times" November 24, 2001
  34. ^ [6] Lopez website
  35. ^ "LifeChums: Be Chums 4 Life"
  36. ^
  37. ^ Mary Melton, "Lens Master", "Los Angeles Magazine" Jan 1, 2009
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^ Christian Comics Pioneers
  42. ^
  43. ^ Ted Okuda, James L. Neibaur "Stan Without Ollie: The Stan Laurel Solo Films, 1917-1927", McFarland, 2012
  44. ^ David Parkinson "The Rough Guide to Film Musicals", Rough Guides, 2007
  45. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0828158/

External links

  • Self Help Graphics & Art
  • CASA 1010 Theater
  • Boyle Heights: Power of Place
  • History of Aliso Village
  • Breed Street Shul Project, Inc.
  • Boyle Heights Learning Collaborative
  • Boyle Heights Historical Society
  • Comments about living in Boyle Heights
  • Boyle Heights crime map and statistics

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