World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Brazil–Philippines relations

Article Id: WHEBN0039194924
Reproduction Date:

Title: Brazil–Philippines relations  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Foreign relations of Brazil, Philippines–Saudi Arabia relations, Philippines–Sri Lanka relations, Philippines–Qatar relations, Greece–Philippines relations
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Brazil–Philippines relations

Brazil - Philippines relations

Brazil

Philippines

Brazil and the Philippines start its bilateral relations through diplomacy, mutual trade and investment. The two countries have worked for peace, the peaceful resolution of conflicts, economic and social development, the right to self-determination of peoples, decolonization, equality and the condemnation of racial discrimination and terrorism. Brazil has an embassy in Manila and the Philippines maintain an embassy in Brasilia. Both nations were conquered by the Iberian powers in the 16th century.

Bilateral relation

In 2011, Philippine Foreign Secretary Philippine Airlines to establish a direct flight from Manila to Brazil.[3]

Economic relation

In June 2009, the Philippines and Brazil made their pledges as they signed mutual cooperation agreements in the fields of bio-energy and agriculture.[4] The two countries committed themselves to take the necessary steps to implement the signed Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Agriculture and the Memorandum of Understanding on Bioenergy Cooperation.[5] The Philippines and Brazil signed six memoranda of understanding and agreements on the development and production of renewable energy, and agriculture cooperation.[6] It intends to “facilitate technical cooperation... on the production and use of biofuels, particularly ethanol, and promote the expansion of bilateral trade and investment in biofuel.”[7] Brazilian export to the Philippines reach more than $300 million in 2007.

Brazilians in the Philippines

Since 2004, there has been a wave of Brazilian models coming to the Philippines for work.[8][9] Many of these models are of Japanese heritage.[10] They look somewhat like Filipinos but with more "chiseled features", which has been an advantage to them in finding jobs in the Philippines. Brazilians are attracted to the modelling industry in the Philippines because, unlike other countries in the region such as Thailand and China, English is widely spoken.[11] Photographers feel that Brazilian models are less inhibited than their Filipino counterparts, and reject accusations that race or ethnicity has anything to do with their hiring decisions.[8] However, in many cases the models speak only Portuguese, and have limited educational background.[12]

Brazilian models have been criticized by their domestic competitors for working at low fees, as little as P1,500 for a gig in comparison to typical local rates of P5,000 to P10,000 per show. The Professional Models Association of the Philippines has particularly been critical of the influx of Brazilian models.[8] However, Brazilian actors themselves respond that there are many overseas Filipino workers in different countries around the globe including Brazil, and they have no desire to displace local talent.[13] Models have to get permits from the Bureau of Immigration, and renew them every two months. In a few cases, BI officers have raided fashion shows and arrested models who were working illegally.[11] However the PMAP claims that when they reported illegal models to the BI, the BI responded that they had bigger issues to deal with, and declined to follow up on the reports.[8] Actor Lemuel Palayo made public complaints about Brazilian models, but then later retracted them and apologized.[14][15] In November 2010, Phoemela Baranda also made public statements that the Philippines needed better laws to protect models against competition from Brazilians, and suggested imposing taxes on the employment of foreign models.[16] However, other Filipino actors such as Wendell Ramos, Paolo Contis, JC Tiuseco, Aljur Abrenica, and Mark Herras have stated that they are not concerned by the increased competition.[17]

Culture and organizations

There are some Brazilian missionaries in the Philippines.[18][19] The Brazilian Christian social action organization Pastoral da Criança has an outreach and food distribution program in Portuguese to Brazilian children abroad.[20]

Another example of Brazilian cultural influence in the Philippines is the Brasilipinas annual celebration. It began in 2007 as a sort of mini-capoeira school, but has also been held around Christmas time as well.[21][22] The most recent celebration was in 2011. It is typically held at Rockwell Center in Makati City.[23]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Philippines, Brazil unite on energy, agriculture"
  5. ^ "PGMA, Brazilian President Lula agree to further strengthen RP–Brazil relations", ISRIA
  6. ^ "Bioenergy deals top 6 RP, Brazil agreements"
  7. ^ "RP, Brazil ink 5 accords "
  8. ^ a b c d
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.