Breed Groups (dog)

White Standard Poodle.

A breed group is a categorization of related breeds of animal by an overseer organization, used to organize the showing of animals. In dogs, kennel clubs define the Breed Groups and decide which dog breeds are to be included in each breed group. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale breed groups are used to organize dogs for international competition. Breed groups often have the names of, and are loosely based on, ancestral dog types of modern dog breeds.

Recognized breed groups


The mission of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale is to enable dogs in its 84 member countries to compete together by establishing common nomenclature and ensuring that pedigrees are mutually recognized in all the member countries. To achieve this goal internationally, dog breeds are organized in ten groups, each with subsections according to breed type and origin.[1]

  • Group 1 - Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
  • Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
    • Section 1: Pinscher and Schnauzer type
    • Section 3: Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
  • Group 3 Terriers
    • Section 1: Large and medium-sized Terriers
    • Section 2: Small-sized Terriers
    • Section 3: Bull type Terriers
    • Section 4: Toy Terriers
  • Group 4 Dachshunds
  • Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types
    • Section 1: Nordic Sledge Dogs
    • Section 2: Nordic Hunting Dogs
    • Section 3: Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
    • Section 4: European Spitz
    • Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds
    • Section 6: Primitive type
    • Section 7: Primitive type - Hunting Dogs
    • Section 8: Primitive type Hunting Dogs with a ridge on the back
  • Group 6 Scenthounds and Related Breeds
    • Section 1: Scenthounds
    • Section 2: Leash (scent) Hounds
    • Section 3: Related breeds (Dalmatian and Rhodesian Ridgeback)
  • Group 7 Pointing Dogs
    • Section 1: Continental Pointing Dogs
    • Section 2: British and Irish Pointers and Setters
  • Group 8 Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
    • Section 1: Retrievers
    • Section 2: Flushing Dogs
    • Section 3: Water Dogs
  • Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
    • Section 1: Bichons and related breeds
    • Section 2: Poodle
    • Section 3: Small Belgian Dogs
    • Section 4: Hairless Dogs
    • Section 5: Tibetan breeds
    • Section 6: Chihuahueñ o
    • Section 7: English Toy Spaniels
    • Section 8: Japan Chin and Pekingese
    • Section 9: Continental Toy Spaniel
    • Section 10: Kromfohrländer
    • Section 11: Small Molossian type Dogs
  • Group 10 Sighthounds
    • Section 1: Long-haired or fringed Sighthounds
    • Section 2: Rough-haired Sighthounds
    • Section 3: Short-haired Sighthounds

The Kennel Club

The Kennel Club (UK) is the original and oldest kennel club; it is not a member of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. For The Kennel Club, dogs are placed in the following groups:[2]

Working refers to dogs that work directly for people, such as police dogs, search and rescue dogs, etc. It does not imply that other types of dogs do not work. Dogs that work with livestock are in the Pastoral Group.

Australia and New Zealand

The Australian National Kennel Council and the New Zealand Kennel Club recognize similar groups to The Kennel Club.

Australian National Kennel Council recognized Breed Groups:[3]

New Zealand Kennel Club recognized Breed Groups:[4]

North America

The Canadian Kennel Club and the two major kennel clubs in the United States have similar groups, although they may not include the same dogs in the same groupings. Canadian Kennel Club recognized Breed Groups:[5]

American Kennel Club recognized breed groups:[6]

United Kennel Club (US) recognized breed groups:[7]


The major national kennel club for each country will organize breeds in breed groups. The naming and organization of breed groups may vary from country to country. In addition, some rare new breeds or newly documented traditional breeds may be awaiting approval by a given kennel club and may not yet be assigned to a particular breed group.

In addition to the major registries, there are a nearly infinite number of sporting clubs, breed clubs, minor kennel clubs, internet-based breed registries, and dog registration businesses in which breeds may be organized into whatever breed group the club, minor registry, or dog business may devise.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Fédération Cynologique Internationale (2011). FCI - Breeds nomenclature. Under "Standards and Nomenclature" tab. Retrieved from
  2. ^ Pedigree dog types and Breed Standards
  3. ^ Australian National Kennel Council Breed Groups
  4. ^ New Zealand Kennel Club Breed Search
  5. ^ Canadian Kennel Club Breed Groups
  6. ^ American Kennel Club Breed Groups
  7. ^ United Kennel Club (US) Breed Groups
  8. ^ Dog Breed Registries in North America

External links

  • Fédération Cynologique Internationale breeds nomenclature, lists 339 dog breeds in 78 groups
  • Breed group (dog) at DMOZ
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