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Broward County

Not to be confused with Brevard County, Florida.
Broward County, Florida

Logo
Florida
Template:Infobox U.S. county/map
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 30, 1915
Named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward
Seat Fort Lauderdale
Area
 • Total 1,319.63 sq mi (3,418 km2)
 • Land 1,205.40 sq mi (3,122 km2)
 • Water 114.24 sq mi (296 km2), 8.66%
Population
 • (2010) 1,748,066
 • Density 1,451/sq mi (560.1/km²)
Congressional district Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district
Time zone Template:Infobox U.S. county/timezone
Website

Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2010, the population was 1,748,066; making it the second most populated county in the state.[1] Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale.[2]

It is also the eighteenth most populous county in the United States and one of three counties that comprise the Miami metropolitan area.

History

Broward County was created in 1915. It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. It was originally intended to be named Everglades County, but then-Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives Ion Farris amended the bill that established the county to be named after Broward.[3] In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. At its inception, Broward County was considered a leader in agriculture products and services within the State of Florida. The massive post-World War II buildup of the South Florida region transformed the region. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy. In 2002, it began an aggressive campaign of placing surveillance cameras along highways and traffic lights. Critics contend the cameras violate drivers' due process rights and two separate lawsuits have been filed over their use, one in Aventura filed in February, and one in Temple Terrace near Tampa, filed at the end of July.[4]

Points of interest

Broward boasts some notable attractions.

With 23 miles of beach, Broward County is a popular destination for scuba diving and snorkeling.[6]

Geography

Physical geography

Broward County has an average elevation of six feet (1.8 m) above sea level. It is rather new geologically and located at the eastern edge of the Florida Platform, a carbonate plateau created millions of years ago. Broward County is composed of Oolite limestone while western Broward is composed mostly of Bryozoa.[7] Broward is among the last areas of Florida to be created and populated with fauna and flora, mostly in the Pleistocene.

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,319.63 square miles (3,417.8 km2), of which 1,205.40 square miles (3,122.0 km2) (or 91.34%) is land and 114.24 square miles (295.9 km2) (or 8.66%) is water.[8] Of developable land in Broward County, approximately 471 square miles (1,219.9 km2), the majority is built upon, as the urban area is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Everglades National Park to the west. Within developable land, Broward County has a population density of 3,740 per square mile (1,444 per square kilometer).

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[9]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19205,135
193020,094291.3%
194039,79498.0%
195083,933110.9%
1960333,946297.9%
1970620,10085.7%
19801,018,20064.2%
19901,255,48823.3%
20001,623,01829.3%
20101,748,0667.7%
Est. 20121,815,1373.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]

2000 Census

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,346 people per square mile (520/km²). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 615 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White (58% were Non-Hispanic),[13] 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In relation to ancestry, 9.4% were Italian, 7.4% American, 6.8% German, 6.7% Irish, and 4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. Furthermore, about 5.91% were Jamaican and 5.99% Haitian alone, so 14.06% were generically West Indian.[14]

Broward is the only county in the nation outside the Northeast in which Italian-Americans formed the largest ethnic group in 2000. They are concentrated mainly in the Pompano Beach

There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[15] Ironically, without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

Languages

As of 2010, 63.44% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 22.22% spoke Spanish, 5.42% French Creole (mainly Haitian Creole,) 1.48% Portuguese, 1.41% French, and 0.59% of the population spoke Italian as their mother language. In total, 36.56% of the population spoke languages other than English as their primary language.[16] Since many immigrants are coming from the Anglophone Caribbean, where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.

2012 Census Report

U.S. Census Bureau 2012 Ethnic/Race Demographics:[17]

As of 2010, 32% of Broward residents were foreign born (including naturalized American citizens.) Haitians made up the largest population of immigrants, with Jamaicans coming in second, Colombians in third, followed by Cuban exiled refugees in fourth place, then Peruvians, Venezuelans, Brazilians, Dominicans, ninth being Canadians, and Mexicans being the tenth highest group of expatriates.[18]

According to the most recent estimates from the U.S. Census of 2009,[19] the total population of Broward County had risen to almost 1.8 million people (1,754,846), and increased by 10.1% between April 1, 2000 and July 1, 2006. This number is accounted for by an increase to 426,310 (25.5%) in its black population and an increase to 408,543 (24.0%) of its non-black Hispanic population. A significant portion of the black population has resulted from immigration, of whom many are Afro-Caribbeans/West Indians. Some Afro-Latinos and Afro-Brazilians might also classify themselves as only black. More black foreigners immigrated to Broward County between 2001 and 2005 than any other county in the United States. Also, 52,506 (3.1%) of Broward County's population is Asian, which is a higher figure than that of most counties in the state.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Broward County Schools currently has the sixth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after Miami-Dade.

Accredited Colleges and universities

Other Adult Education Providers

Public libraries

The Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, comprising 41 branch locations.

Community services

Community services in Broward County include Women in Distress (WID), a nationally accredited, state-certified, full service domestic violence center. WID works in partnership with the Broward County Sheriff's Office.[21]

Government

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.

The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to Government-access television (GATV) coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:00 p.m. the following Sunday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Cities, towns, villages, and unincorporated areas

Incorporated

Municipality populations are based on the 2010 Census.[22]

# Incorporated Community Designation Date incorporated Population
2 Coconut Creek City Template:Dts/out1 52,909
26 Cooper City City Template:Dts/out1 28,547
4 Coral Springs City Template:Dts/out1 121,096
23 Dania Beach City Template:Dts/out1 29,639
22 Davie Town Template:Dts/out1 91,992
3 Deerfield Beach City Template:Dts/out1 75,018
16 Fort Lauderdale City Template:Dts/out1 165,521
31 Hallandale Beach City Template:Dts/out1 37,113
8 Hillsboro Beach Town Template:Dts/out1 1,875
24 Hollywood City Template:Dts/out1 140,768
11 Lauderdale-by-the-Sea Town Template:Dts/out1 6,056
17 Lauderdale Lakes City Template:Dts/out1 32,593
18 Lauderhill City Template:Dts/out1 66,887
15 Lazy Lake Village Template:Dts/out1 24
7 Lighthouse Point City Template:Dts/out1 10,344
5 Margate City Template:Dts/out1 53,284
28 Miramar City Template:Dts/out1 122,041
10 North Lauderdale City Template:Dts/out1 41,023
13 Oakland Park City Template:Dts/out1 41,363
1 Parkland City Template:Dts/out1 23,962
30 Pembroke Park Town Template:Dts/out1 6,102
27 Pembroke Pines City Template:Dts/out1 154,750
20 Plantation City Template:Dts/out1 84,955
6 Pompano Beach City Template:Dts/out1 99,845
12 Sea Ranch Lakes Village Template:Dts/out1 670
25 Southwest Ranches Town Template:Dts/out1 7,345
19 Sunrise City Template:Dts/out1 84,439
9 Tamarac City Template:Dts/out1 60,427
29 West Park City Template:Dts/out1 14,156
21 Weston City Template:Dts/out1 65,333
14 Wilton Manors City Template:Dts/out1 11,632

Neighborhoods in incorporated areas (and recently annexed census-designated places)

Unincorporated areas and census-designated places

Economy

Silver Airways has its headquarters on the property of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport in an unincorporated area. [23][24][25] Other companies with headquarters in unincorporated areas include Locair.[26]

When Chalk's International Airlines existed, its headquarters was on the grounds of the airport in an unincorporated area.[27] When Bimini Island Air existed, its headquarters were in an unincorporated area.[28]

Politics


Over the past fifty years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In the 1972 U.S. presidential election, Broward County residents voted overwhelmingly for Richard Nixon over George McGovern. From the 1992 U.S. presidential election onward, however, voters of Broward County backed the Democratic presidential nominee over the Republican nominee by strong majorities. Broward County is now the most reliably Democratic county in the state,[29][30] with the exception of the much less populous Gadsden County. This change in voting tendencies may likely be the result of a continuous flow from large migrations of snowbirds and transplanted people from the historically more liberal Northeastern states and other blue states, as well as a growing LGBT community, and also naturalized U.S. citizens born in places such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Canada, Europe, and Asia.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
2012 32.3% 243,732 67.2% 507,430
2008 32.3% 225,453 67.2% 474,579
2004 34.6% 244,674 64.2% 453,873
2000 30.9% 177,939 67.4% 387,760
1996 28.3% 142,870 63.5% 320,779
1992 30.9% 164,832 51.8% 276,361
1988 50.0% 220,316 49.5% 218,274
1984 56.7% 254,608 43.3% 194,584
1980 55.9% 229,693 35.6% 146,323
1976 47.1% 161,411 51.6% 176,491
1972 72.4% 196,528 27.3% 74,127
1968 54.5% 106,122 29.1% 56,613
1964 55.5% 85,264 44.5% 68,406
1960 58.8% 68,294 41.2% 47,811

Transportation

Street grid

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach—another primary eastern municipality—has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities—Dania and Hallandale.

Major Freeways and Tollways

  • State Road 9)
  • State Road 93)
  • Interstate 595/Port Everglades Expressway (unsigned State Road 862)
  • Florida's Turnpike (unsigned State Road 91)
  • Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike (unsigned State Road 821)
  • Sawgrass Expressway (State Road 869)

Railroads

Airports

Public transportation

Greenways System

Construction is underway on a network of recreational trails to connect cities and points of interest in the county.[31][32][33]

See also

References

External links

Government links/Constitutional offices

  • Broward County Government / Board of County Commissioners
  • Broward County Supervisor of Elections
  • Broward County Property Appraiser
  • Broward County Sheriff's Office

Special Districts

  • Broward County Public Schools
  • Broward Health (formerly North Broward Hospital District)
  • South Broward Hospital District(Memorial Healthcare System)
  • South Florida Water Management District

Judicial branch

  • Broward County Clerk of Courts
  • Broward County Clerk of Courts Records
  • Broward County Public Defender
  • Broward State Attorney's Office, 17th Judicial Circuit
  • Circuit and County Court for the 17th Judicial Circuit of Florida

Tourism links

  • Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau
  • Florida Digital Newspaper Library

Official sites

  • The Broward Alliance (Broward County's official public/private partnership for economic development)

Coordinates: 26°07′28″N 80°14′58″W / 26.124354°N 80.249503°W / 26.124354; -80.249503

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