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Brussels South railway station

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Brussels South railway station

Brussels-South
Railway Station
Main entrance
Station statistics
Coordinates
Line(s) 0, 50A, 96, 124
Platforms 22
Other information
Opened 1952 (1952)
Station code FBMZ
Owned by National Railway Company of Belgium

Brussels-South (Dutch: Brussel-Zuid, French: Bruxelles-Midi, IATA code: ZYR) is the biggest railway station in Brussels, capital of Belgium. As Brussels is a bilingual entity, both the French and Dutch names are official. This often leads to the usage of combined shorthands outside Belgium: for example in the Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable, Brussels-South is designated as "Brussels Midi/Zuid"; Dutch Railways announce the station as "Brussel Zuid/Midi". 1,000 trains pass every day between Brussels-South and Brussels-North railway stations. The station is connected to the Gare du Midi/Zuidstation station of the Brussels Metro system.

The French name "Midi" derives from mi (middle) and di (day) in Old French; compare Mezzogiorno, the south of Italy. The time of midday was synonymous with the direction of south because in France, as in all of the Northern Hemisphere, the sun is in the south at noon. The polysemy existed in Middle French as well, where meridien can refer to both midday and south.

History

TGV and Thalys share a platform

A former station known as Station des Bogards/Bogaardenstation existed since 1840 near the Place Rouppeplein in the southern part of the city. It was demolished 29 years later as it was already too small. The railway station designed by Payen opened in 1869 a short distance south of the original one. Payen's terminal station was itself demolished in 1949 and replaced by a through station on the present site as part of the North-South connection project.

Features

The station is surrounded by the Avenue Fonsny/Fonsnylaan in the East, the Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat in the West, the Rue Couverte/Bedektestraat in the North and the Rue des Vétérinaires/Veeartsenstraat in the South. In the 1990s, the Eurostar terminal was added on the Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat side. This contains two bay platforms with no onward northbound connection.

  International connections  
Preceding station   Eurostar   Following station
Eurostar Terminus
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
Terminus
Thalys
toward Essen Hbf
toward Oostende
Terminus
Terminus
Thalys
Thalys (winter)
Thalys (summer)
Preceding station   DB AG   Following station
Terminus ICE 79
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
Terminus TGV
toward Nice
Terminus TGV
toward Perpignan
Preceding station   EuroCity   Following station
Terminus Vauban
Iris
toward Zürich Hbf
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
Terminus IC J
IC "des Ardennes" & Luxembourg
toward Luxembourg
  National connections  
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
toward Oostende
IC A
toward Eupen
toward Blankenberge and Knokke
IC E
From monday to friday, except holidays
toward Tongeren
On weekends and holidays
toward Quievrain
IC F
toward Mouscron
IC H
toward Schaarbeek
toward Charleroi-Sud
IC I
IC K
toward Genk
toward Poperinge
IC L
toward Sint-Niklaas
Terminus IC M
toward Dinant and Liers
toward Charleroi-Sud
IC N
toward Essen
Terminus IC O
toward Visé
IC R
toward Turnhout
toward Nivelles
IR b
IR d
IR h
From monday to friday, except holidays
toward De Panne
IR i
From monday to friday, except holidays
toward Mechelen
On weekends and holidays
toward De Panne
On weekends and holidays
toward Quevy
IR j
toward Binche
IR l
Terminus IR n
IR o
toward Leuven

Metro and premetro station


Gare du Midi
Zuidstation
Station statistics
Connections
  Line 3
  Line 4
Other information
Opened 1988
Owned by STIB/MIVB
Services
Preceding station   Brussels Metro   Following station
Line 2
Line 6
toward King Baudouin

The metro station, called Gare du Midi - Zuidstation, opened in 1988 as (at that time) the final stop of metro line 2 from Simonis. Line 2 has since been extended beyond Brussels-South - to Clemenceau in 1993, Delacroix in 2006, and Gare de l'Ouest/Weststation in 2009. Since 1993 the station also accommodates pre-metro (underground tram) services at separate platforms, with cross-platform interchange between metro and pre-metro in both directions.

Following the restructuring of the city's local public transport network in April 2009, the station is now served from two metro lines (2 and 6) as well as two pre-metro lines (3 and 4). It is situated underneath the Rue Couverte/Overdektestraat, in front of the mainline station.

The Belgian Federal State approved a project for the renovation of the station on 12 May 2012 of a total budget of approximately 155 million euro.

iDBus

Since 23 July 2012, SNCF's international coach network, iDBus, serves Brussels South.

  • Paris - Lille - Brussels
  • Amsterdam - Brussels (from 28 April 2014)
  • Amsterdam - Brussels - London (from 28 April 2014)

Places of interest

The tallest building in Belgium stands in front of the main exit from the station (the crossroad of Avenue Fonsnylaan and Rue Couverte/Overdekte straat) and is named the South Tower.

References

External links

  • (French) [1] (SNCB)
  • (Dutch) [2] (NMBS)
  • (English) [3] (map of the station)
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