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Buc, Yvelines

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Buc, Yvelines

Buc
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Buc
Coat of arms
Buc is located in France
Buc
Buc
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Versailles
Canton Versailles-Sud
Intercommunality Grand Parc
Government
 • Mayor Jean-Marc Le Rudulier
Area1 8.07 km2 (3.12 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 5,675
 • Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 78117 / 78530
Elevation 97–176 m (318–577 ft)
(avg. 106 m or 348 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Saint-Jean-Baptiste

Buc is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region.

Its inhabitants are called Bucois (masculine) and Bucoises (feminine).

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Demography 2
  • History 3
  • Culture 4
  • Administration 5
  • The department 6
  • Transport 7
  • Economy 8
  • Education 9
  • Twin town — Sister city 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Geography

Buc is located 21 km south west of Paris, France.

The old town and a part of the city is located inside the vallée de la Bièvre (Bièvre valley) at an altitude of approximately 100 meters. Most of its residential neighborhood are implanted on the plateau de Saclay (Saclay's plateau) at around 50 meters higher.

Buc's surrounding communes are: Versailles at its north, Jouy-en-Josas at its north east, Les Loges-en-Josas at its South east, Toussus-le-Noble at its south, Châteaufort at its extreme south west and Guyancourt at its west.

Demography

Date of Population
(Source: Cassini[1] et Insee[2])
1793 1800 1806 1820 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
618 644 524 - 577 610 625 567 576 526
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
548 297 532 543 709 685 764 730 737
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
744 703 867 1 002 1 157 1 420 1 293 1 098 1 483
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2004 - -
1 965 2 655 3 908 4 820 5 434 5 764 - - -
For the census of 1962 to 1999 the official population corresponds with the population according to the INSEEwithout duplicates.
Histogram
(Graphic elaboration by WorldHeritage)

History

Blazon of Buc
  • quarterly, the first azure a propeller in bend between a fleur-de-lis sinister and a horseshoe dexter all or, the second gules a cinquefoil vert, the third gules an aqueduct of four arches argent masoned sable, the fourth argent three bars wavy azure

The name « Buc » derives from the latin buscum which means boxwood.

  • Territory attached to the domain of Versailles in 1660 and used to be frequented by Louis XIV of France mostly for hunting.
  • 1684-1686 : Construction of the Buc aqueduct (aqueduc de Buc).[3]
  • 1880 : Construction of the Fort du Haut-Buc.
  • 1909, July 25 : Installation of Louis Blériot on 200 hectares ; he built his private airfield and, in 1913, a flying school.

Culture

  • Saint-Jean-Baptiste Church : Built in siliceous rock from the 12th century, enlarged in 1994. The nave has a gothic architectural shape and its bell tower has a romanesque style. In the steeple, the bell, which is classified Monument historique, has been melted, blessed and then baptized Louise Auguste Adélaïde by its sponsor Louis XIV of France in 1775.
  • Aqueduc de Buc : Built by François Michel Le Tellier de Louvois in 1686. This aqueduct purpose was to provide water drained from the Ponds of Saclay (more precisely, ponds of Saclé, Pont Salé and Saint-Hubert by the time it was used) and delivered to the Domain of the Palace of Versailles, known as well as the Gardens of Versailles, in order to supply huge amounts of water to its multitude of fountains and basins. The aqueduct has 19 millstone arches, is 21 meters high and 580 meters long. Now disused, this great architectural work has been classified Monument historique in 1952.
  • Château du Haut-Buc : This ancient little castle was part of the Grand parc de Versailles (Great Versailles Domain) and was used by Louis XIV of France to accommodate his son Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse (1681), duc de Penthièvre (1697), d'Arc, de Châteauvillain and de Rambouillet (1711) which later moved into the Pavillon des Eaux at Louveciennes. Le Château du Haut-Buc wasdestroyed in 1740 on order of Louis XV of France. The actual castle, the commune property, was rebuilt on the same site in 1864. Today the castle is often used as a showroom. Its park has a soccer, rugby and basketball pitch.
  • Fort du Haut-Buc : Made between 1814 and 1880, this fortification used to be part of the second fortified defence belt of Paris between 1874 and 1882. This military building is currently unaffected and is completely abandoned since 1995.[4]
  • Near the aqueduct and the Pond of La Geneste (part of the ponds of La Minière), the Oak of Louis XIV, which is probably more than 500 years old, survived a great storm which occurred in 1999, devastating much of the forest. Unfortunately this emblematic tree collapsed from age in the last week of 2004. Buc's forest is part of the Forêt de Versailles (Versailles forest).
  • Buc local legend : Some people assert that beavers can be observed in La Bièvre whereas nothing really proves the presence of such inhabitants. This river get its name from the Latin word biber which means beaver, which explains the legend. But other roots can be found like beber (meaning "brown"), which could describe the natural color of the water, or bibere (to drink), which is more than enjoyable on the evening, facing the pond of La Geneste in a peaceful atmosphere with some friends and a good pack of Kronenbourgs. And surprisingly, it is at those moments that beavers are more likely to appear.
  • A cartoon Festival (Festival de Buc) is held each year since 1994. The comic book of one of the adventures of Blake and Mortimer, S.O.S. Meteors: Mortimer in Paris (1959) of Edgar P. Jacobs, has its story based in and around Buc.
  • Buc is the home of one of the three Franco-German high schools and the only one located in France. Franco-German Baccalauréats are issued.

Administration

In 2005, the commune has been rewarded « Ville Internet @@ »[5] (« Internet city @@ ») as well as in 2008 and 2010[6] · .[7] This reward is highly decorative under the Buc's entrance street sign. It's something Bucois and Bucoises can be proud of.

The department

The Yvelines department has been created in 1968. This one was subsequently part of the Seine-et-Oise department. Jehan Despert is considered as the « father » of the Yvelines. He is the one whom suggested to the president of the County Council of Seine-et-Oise of that time, Gaston Palewski, the name of this department at its creation, in reference to the ancient forêt d'Yveline (Yveline forest) from which radiate most of the water streams that irrigate the department. The actual Foret de Rambouillet (Rambouillet forest) constituted its remains.

Transport

Buc is not served by any station of the Paris Métro, RER, or suburban rail network. The closest stations to Buc are Versailles - Chantier station (gare de Versailles - Chantiers) and Petit Jouy Les Loges station (gare de Petit Jouy - Les Loges). One bus line (Bus 262) links the city to Versailles. It takes 5–15 minutes (If you are located in the Bas-Buc) to 10–30 minutes (if you are located in the Haut-Buc) to reach Versailles - Chantier station depending on the traffic.

Economy

Around 250 businesses are located in Buc.

Education

DFG / LFA Buc, a joint French-German international school, is in Buc. It was established by the 1963 Élysée Treaty.

Twin town — Sister city

Buc is twinned with:

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ (French) http://cassini.ehess.fr/ Population avant le recensement de 1962
  2. ^ (French) Insee: Population depuis le recensement de 1962
  3. ^ (French) From the New dictionnary of Paris surrounding areas, published in 1835:[1]
  4. ^ (French) Second Defence belt of Paris
  5. ^ (French) Palmarès 2005 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved 01/10/2009.
  6. ^ (French) Palmarès 2008 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved 01/10/2009.
  7. ^ (French) Palmarès 2010 des Villes Internet sur le site officiel de l'association. Retrieved 18/12/2009.

External links

  • (French) Buc's town hall official website
  • (French) aerial point of view of the commune of Buc available at the IAURIF website
  • (French) Buc's key figures on Insee website
  • (English) Buc map sur Google Maps
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