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Budakeszi

Budakeszi
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Budakeszi
Coat of arms
Budakeszi is located in Hungary
Budakeszi
Budakeszi
Location of Budakeszi
Coordinates:
Country  Hungary
County Pest
Area
 • Total 37.11 km2 (14.33 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 13,590
 • Density 351.46/km2 (910.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2092
Area code(s) 23

Budakeszi (German: Wudigeß) is a town in Pest County, in the Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary. It is located beyond the Jánoshegy hill at the western city limits of Budapest, about 12 km (7 mi) west of the Zero Kilometre Stone in the city centre. A popular recreational area, the landscape is characterized by extended forests, predominantly oaks, by vineyards and orchards.

Contents

  • Meaning of the name 1
  • History 2
  • Budakeszi today 3
  • International relations 4
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 4.1
  • Notable citizens 5
  • External links 6

Meaning of the name

Buda is the western side of Budapest, Keszi was one of the seven ancient Hungarian tribes.

History

The settlement in the Kingdom of Hungary was first mentioned about 1270, it was completely devastated during the Ottoman Siege of Buda in 1541. In the aftermath of the Ottoman defeat at the 1683 Battle of Vienna, the depopulated area was re-settled with "Danube Swabian" (most of them actually descending from Lorraine, the Palatinate and Alsace) immigrants by the order of the Habsburg King Leopold I. Budakeszi was for centuries a predominantly "Schwabian" (ethnic German) village.

After Germany proper. Most of these expellees had never been to Germany before, as even their great-grand parents had been born in Hungary. Budakeszi lost a great number of its citizens due to the above and the vacuum was later filled with the settlement of families from other regions, such as Transylvania.

Budakeszi today

Most of its inhabitants commute to work to the capital Budapest daily. With mass transportation (No. 22 bus or Volánbusz intercity bus) this normally takes about 15 minutes.

Although Budakeszi is a town, it still looks nothing more than a charming and picturesque village with a historic main street and a quaint baroque Roman Catholic church in its valley. There is also a lovely Protestant church worth visiting, its cemetery has largely German-named headstones, some of which date back to the early 19th century. (There are also about a dozen WW2 Polish soldiers buried in the cemetery, their graves are nicely maintained by their brethren Hungarians).

Today Budakeszi's population is mixed; Hungarians, Schwabian-Germans, Transylvanians all of whom share this small town and live in harmony. The surrounding hills are ideal for tourists. Near Budakeszi there is an airfield for sailplanes (gliders) and for small planes, as well as a recently established World War 2 German military cemetery.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Budakeszi is twinned with:
City Country Year
Delbrück-Westenholz Germany
Deyda Ukraine
Lich Germany
Neckarsulm Germany
Snakt Margarethen an Raab Austria
Toplița Romania

Notable citizens

Among the ethnic Germans expelled from Budakeszi in 1946 were the parents of Joseph "Joschka" Fischer, born in 1948, German foreign minister from 1998-2005. Fischer today holds an honorary citizenship.

External links

  • Official homepage
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