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Buldana

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Buldana

This article is about the city. For the district of which it is the headquarters, see Buldhana district.

Buldhana (Marathi: बुलढाणा) is the district headquarters and a Municipal Council in the Buldhana District of Amravati division in the Indian State of Maharashtra. It is situated at the westernmost border of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and is 500 km from the state capital, Mumbai.

It is bounded by Madhya Pradesh on the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west.

It is also known as the "Vidharbhacha Praveshdwar".

The city has amazing location amidst the Mountains and it is also a Hill Station.

Etymology

During old times this place was use to known as " Bhilla Thana" (center/station of Bhilla). The current name "Buldhana" is derived from this name over a period of time.

Geography

Buldana is located at 19°59′N 76°31′E / 19.98°N 76.51°E / 19.98; 76.51.[1] It has an average elevation of 639 m (2,096 ft).

History

Buldhana, along with the rest of Berar Province, was part of the kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata, a Sanskrit epic poem. Berar formed part of the Maurya Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272–231 BCE). Berar came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE–2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta Dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Chalukyas again (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Alauddin Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke up into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state. In 1853, the district, together with the rest of Berar, came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East and West Berar with Buldhana district being included in West Berar. In 1903, Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.

The district boundary has been changed many times. In 1480, as part of Berar taraf (province) of Bahamani Sultanate, Chikhli and Mehkar were part of Mahur division and Malkapur, Jalgaon, and Khamgaon were part of Gawil. During Akbar's time (1542–1605), it was part of the Sarkars (administrative unit) of Narnala, Baitalwadi, and Mehkar. In 1634 the area became known as Payanghat Subah (Lowlands Province) while Chikli and Mehkar were part of Balaghat Subah (Highlands Province), but by 1636 Berar became part of a large province called Deccan. Around that time, Malkapur, Jalgaon, Badner Bholji Pimpalgaon Raja, Jepur and Rajur were important parganas (administrative units of the Delhi Sultanate.[8] In 1853 the district came into existence as North Berar district with Buldhana as its headquarters. It along with South Berar district with Hingoli as its headquarters constituted Berar Province.[9] North Berar district included the present Amravati district, the northern half of Akola, and Buldhana. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 Hingoli, along with the neighbouring countryside, was restored to the Nizam. Berar province was reconstituted into East Berar district with headquarters at Amaravati, and West Berar district with headquarters at Akola.[10] After 1857 Mehkar, Chikhli, and Malkapur were part of West Berar district. In 1864 these three talukas were made independent as South-West Berar district, which was renamed Mehkar district in 1865. In 1867 Buldhana district came into existence, combining North Berar and Mehkar districts. After the amalgamation of Berar with the Central Provinces in 1903, Buldhana district became the district of Central Provinces and Berar. In August 1905 Khamgaon and Jalgaon tehsils from Akola district of Central Provinces and Berar were combined into Buldhana district.[9] In 1950 it became part of Madhya Pradesh with Nagpur as its capital. In 1956, along with other Marathi-speaking regions of Vidarbha, it became part of Bombay State and part of Maharashtra State in 1960.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Buldana had a population of 62,979. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.Buldana has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 82% and female literacy of 72%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport

The city is connected to other major cities of Maharashtra by State Highway 24 (Baitul (Madhya Pradesh) to Chandwad (Nashik)) and State Highway 176 (Malkapur to Solapur). There is a state project to build a 4-lane highway between Chikhli and Malkapur via Buldhana, but has been postponed due to some problems in the Rajur Ghat.

Railway connection has always been difficult because of the surrounding mountainous area. The nearest railhead is at Malkapur 50 km (31 mi) and Nandura 60 km (37 mi). The nearest rail junctions are Akola 105 km (65 mi) and Aurangabad 140 km (87 mi).

The nearest airport is at Aurangabad 140 km (87 mi). There have been demands for a domestic airport in Buldhana as it has several pilgrimage and historical centres such as Shegaon, Lonar and Sindkhed Raja.

Places to visit

There are a number of notable places in and around Buldhana:

  • Gajanan Maharaj Temple in Shegaon, associated with Gajanan Maharaj
  • Sunset Point, on ghats of Buldhana - Malkapur highway
  • A zoo called Ranicha Baag (Queen's Garden)
  • Sangam Lake
  • Gavdevi Temple
  • Shri Balaji Temple at Rajur Ghat on Malkapur Road
  • Sailani Baba Dargah (18 km (11 mi))
  • Bharat Vidyalaya
  • Rajur Ghat
  • Botha Forrest at Buldana-Khamgaon Road
  • Lonar crater lake is a salt-lake in a crater formed by a meteorite impact approximately 52,000 years ago. The crater has a diameter of about 1,830 m (6,000 ft) and a depth of about 150 m (490 ft), and is the worlds oldest meteorite crater and the only meteorite crater in basaltic rock[3]
  • Sindkhed Raja, the birthplace of Maa Jijau, mother of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
  • Jaicha Deo/ Jalicha Deo, a important religious place of Mahanubhav sect.
  • Girda. ' kali bhint / black wall' a geographical structure. 'Sita nhani' a place where Pandavas hide during adnyatvas. And a place n temple.
  • origin of river Paingaga.
  • 'Mardadi Devi' temple near village Dudha on Buldana Dhad road.

Industries

The city has Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation. However,there are not sufficient industries here as expected. There are some small scale industries in the MIDC.

 Most amazing information, India's first glass factory was in Buldana .(ref : tata McGraw Hill's HSC chemistry textbook 1982) . Most probably the building may be the present building of officer's club.I ,Sunil Ware ,saw large glass scrap while the construction of stadium was in progress in year 1975-76.

Schools and Colleges

There are many schools and colleges in the city and its nearby area.

  • St.Joseph's English High School
  • Aided High School
  • Sharda Convent
  • Shri Shivaji High School
  • Bharat Vidyalaya
  • Prabhodan Vidyalaya
  • Shri Shivaji Jr. College of Science
  • Bharat Vidyalaya College.
  • Aided Junior College
  • Jijamata Mahavidyalaya
  • Mother Teresa School Of Nursing

There are also some Graduation Colleges in the City.

  • Pankaj Laddhad Institute of Technology
  • Shri Rambhau Lingade College of Polytechnic
  • Rajshree Shahu College of Engineering, Sagwan

Management Institute

  • Neelbert Institute Of Management & Technology - First Institute in India to provide management education with practical approach i.e. 3 days a week classroom study/lectures and 3 days a week students will be at different markets or organization.


There is also communication and personality grooming institute in Buldhana.

  • Personality Development Club - PDC is first Institute to provide Practical Outdoor training for Personality Development and English Speaking.

Politics

Mr Vijayraj Shinde of Shiv Sena is the MLA from Buldhana Vidhansabha Constituency.

Mr Prataprao Jadhav is The Member of Parliament From the Buldhana Lok Sabha Constituency.

References


Coordinates: 20°31′58″N 76°10′58″E / 20.53278°N 76.18278°E / 20.53278; 76.18278

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