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Bulgarian diaspora

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Title: Bulgarian diaspora  
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Bulgarian diaspora

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Bulgarian citizens

The Bulgarian diaspora includes ethnic Bulgarians living outside Bulgaria and immigrants from Bulgaria abroad.

The number of Bulgarians outside Bulgaria has sharply increased since 1989, following the collapse of the communism in Central and Eastern Europe. Over one million Bulgarians have left the country, either permanently or as temporary workforce, leading to a marked decline in its population. Many took advantage of the US green card lottery system (people applied for tickets, they did not purchase them). Also many Bulgarians immigrated to Canada using the advantage of the Canadian immigration point system for skilled workers. Others went across the European Union. In countries such as Greece and Spain many Bulgarians work and stay there intermittently while retaining Bulgaria as their permanent residence, especially after the country became an European Union member state in 2007.

Most of the causes for the spread of the post-1990s Bulgarian diaspora throughout the EU member states and Northern America (USA and Canada) have been related to work and education. Therefore, the majority of the emigrants have been allowed residence in other countries on skilled worker or student basis. That includes people of various skills - lower education workers (which usually deal with utilities and housekeeping) plumbers, construction workers, gardeners, handymen, maids, as well as a substantial amount of higher-education specialists - usually from the areas of engineering, computer science, chemistry and medicine.

The largest communities of the Bulgarian diaspora in the Western part of the European Union are in Spain, Germany, United Kingdom, France and Italy.

Other places that attracted Bulgarian immigration are Australia, New Zealand and South America, especially Argentina and Brazil.

Distribution by country

Country Bulgarian Citizens Ethnic Bulgarians Article
Turkey 500,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Turks in Turkey and Bulgarians in Turkey
Greece 300,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Greece
United States 300,000 (in 2011)[1] 95,588[2]
2010 US Census
Bulgarian Americans
Spain 250,000 (in 2011)[1] 150,878 (in 2011)[3] Bulgarians in Spain
United Kingdom 100,000 (in 2011)[1] 35,000 (in 2009)[4] Bulgarians in the United Kingdom
Italy 100,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Italy
Germany 74,869 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Germany
Canada 70,000 (in 2011)[1] 30,485 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)[5] (official data) Bulgarian Canadians
Macedonia 50,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in the Republic of Macedonia
Cyprus 35,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Cyprus
Russia 32,265 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Russia
France 30,000 (in 2011)[1] 34,000 (in 2011) Bulgarians in France
Moldova 20,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Moldova
South Africa 20,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in South Africa
Austria 18,481 (in 2014)[1] Bulgarians in Austria
Belgium 18,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Belgium
Australia 15,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Australian
Portugal 15,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Portugal
Serbia 15,000 (in 2011)[1] 18,543 (2011) [6] Bulgarians in Serbia
Poland 14,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Poland
Netherlands 12,340 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in the Netherlands
Israel 7,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Jews in Israel
Switzerland 4,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Switzerland
Denmark 4,200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Denmark
Sweden 4,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Sweden
UAE 3,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in UAE
Czech Republic 3,206 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Czech Republic
Ireland 3,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Ireland
New Zealand 3,000 Bulgarians in New Zealand
Hungary 2,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Hungary
Argentina 2,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Argentina
Romania 2,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Romania
Norway 1,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Norway
Slovakia 1,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Slovakia
Slovenia 1,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Slovenia
Syria 1,200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Syria
Lebanon 1,000 Bulgarians in Lebanon
Jordan 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
State of Palestine 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
Finland 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
Uruguay 1,000 (in 2005)[7][8] to 2,000 persons (1998)[9] Bulgarians in Uruguay
Latvia 921 (2011 est.)[10]
Luxembourg 800 (in 2011)[1]
Kuwait 700 (in 2011)[1]
Qatar 600 (in 2014)[11]
Mexico 500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Mexico
Ukraine 420 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Ukraine
Japan 350 (in 2011)[1]
Morocco 312 (in 2011)[1]
Croatia 300 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Croatia
Brazil 277 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Brazil
China 256 (in 2011)[1]
Egypt 250 (in 2011)[1]
Nigeria 250 (in 2011)[1]
Indonesia 235 (in 2011)[1]
Algeria 200 (in 2011)[1]
Tunisia 200 (in 2011)[1]
Chile 200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Chile
India 104 (in 2011)[1]
Belarus 100 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Belarus
Kosovo 100 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Kosovo
South Korea 100 (in 2011)[1]
Cuba 65 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Cuba
Yemen 60 (in 2011)[1]
Azerbaijan 50 (in 2011)[1]
Vietnam 50 (in 2011)[1]
Bosnia 44 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Bosnia
Armenia 30 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Armenians in Armenia
Albania 26 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Albania
Georgia 25 (in 2011)[1]
Montenegro 25 (in 2011)[1]
Iran 20 (in 2011)[1]
Kazakhstan 20 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Kazakhstan
Ethiopia 16 (in 2011)[1]
Pakistan 11 (in 2011)[1]
Uzbekistan 8 (in 2011)[1] 2,166 (in 1989 Soviet Census)[12]
Mongolia 6 (in 2011)[1]
Afghanistan 2 (in 2011)[1]
Nicaragua 50 Bulgarians in Nicaragua
TOTAL 2,009,718 - 2,012,218 ( Bulgaria: 7,364,570 (in 2011)[13] )

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu Брой на българските граждани в чужбина (2011 г.) | - The Bulgarian Media Portal in Chicago
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ (Latvian) Latvijas iedzīvotāju sadalījums pēc nacionālā sastāva un valstiskās piederības
  11. ^ Qatar´s population by nationality - bq magazine
  12. ^
  13. ^ Национален статистически институт - Преброяване 2011

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