World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Mission type Earth observation
Operator NASA / CNES
COSPAR ID 2006-016A
SATCAT № 29108
Website .gov.nasa.larcwww-calipso
Mission duration ongoing
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass 587 pounds (266 kg)
Start of mission
Launch date April 28, 2006, 10:02:16 (2006-04-28T10:02:16Z) UTC
Rocket Delta 7420-10C D314
Launch site Vandenberg AFB SLC-2W
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Sun-synchronous
Semi-major axis 7,080.7 kilometres (4,399.7 mi)
Eccentricity 0.0001111
Perigee 701 kilometers (436 mi)
Apogee 703 kilometers (437 mi)
Inclination 98.2176 degrees
Period 98.50 minutes
RAAN 285.6451 degrees
Argument of perigee 80.3481 degrees
Mean anomaly 279.7840 degrees
Mean motion 14.57093780
Revolution number 40530

CALIPSO is a joint NASA (USA) and CNES (France) environmental satellite, built in the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, which was launched atop a Delta II rocket on April 28, 2006. Its name stands for Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations.

Passive and active remote sensing Instruments on board the CALIPSO satellite monitor aerosols and clouds 24 hours a day. CALIPSO is part of the "A Train", flying in formation with several other satellites (Aqua, Aura and CloudSat).


  • Mission 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Three instruments:

  • Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) - a lidar that provides high-resolution vertical profiles of aerosols and clouds.
  • Wide Field Camera (WFC) - a modified version of the commercial off-the-shelf Ball Aerospace CT-633 star tracker camera. It was selected to match band 1 of the MODIS instrument on the Aqua satellite.
  • Imaging Infrared Radiometer (IIR) - used to detect cirrus cloud emissivity and particle size. The CALIOP laser beam is aligned with the center of the IIR image to optimize joint CALIOP/IIR observations.

In February 2009, CALIPSO switched over to the redundant laser as scheduled. The primary laser achieved its mission goal of three years of successful operation, and the redundant laser has been performing beyond expectations.

The CALIPSO mission was granted extended mission status in June 2009.[1]

The Delta II rocket with CALIPSO and CloudSat on Launch Pad SLC-2W, VAFB.

See also



External links

  • CALIPSO Outreach
  • CALIPSO and the A Train
  • The CALIPSO page at NASA
  • The CALIPSO page at French National Centre for Space Studies (CNES)
  • CALIPSO Mission Profile by NASA's Solar System Exploration
  • CALIPSO results in five to ten years
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.