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Cadillac ATS

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Cadillac ATS

Cadillac ATS
A 2013 Cadillac ATS in Thunder Grey Chromaflair with 18" x 8" forged, machine-finished aluminum wheels
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 2012–present
Model years 2013–
Assembly United States: Lansing, Michigan (Lansing Grand River Assembly)
Body and chassis
Class Compact executive car[1]
Body style

4-door sedan

2-door coupe (2015)
Layout
Platform GM Alpha
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,776 mm (109.3 in)
Length 4,643 mm (182.8 in)
Width 1,806 mm (71.1 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)
Curb weight 1,504–1,570 kg (3,315–3,461 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Cadillac BLS

The Cadillac ATS is a four-door, five-passenger compact luxury sedan designed, engineered, manufactured, and marketed by General Motors. General Motors developed the ATS at the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, United States. GM assembles the ATS at the Lansing Grand River Assembly plant in Lansing, Michigan, United States. The ATS is Cadillac's smallest vehicle, slotting into the Cadillac vehicle line under the larger Cadillac CTS.

The ATS is based upon General Motors' Alpha platform and is offered in either rear- or all-wheel drive configurations. The ATS base engine is a naturally aspirated 2.5-liter I-4 gasoline engine that produces 202 horsepower (151 kW). Optional engines include a 2.0-liter turbocharged I-4 gasoline engine that produces 272 horsepower (203 kW) and a naturally aspirated 3.6-liter V6 gasoline engine that produces 321 horsepower (239 kW). A diesel engine will be available in the future. All versions are equipped with a 6-speed GM 6L45 Hydra-Matic automatic transmission as standard. The 2.0-liter turbocharged, rear-wheel drive version can be mated to an optional 6-speed Tremec M3L TR3160 manual transmission. Depending upon specification, the 2014 ATS ranges in price from US$33,065 - US$58,760.

Cadillac debuted the ATS to the press in the United States in January 2012, placed the ATS into production in July 2012 and began selling the ATS in the United States in August 2012 as a 2013 model. GM began selling the ATS in China in November 2013. Cadillac may sell the ATS in Europe depending upon the local market reaction.

Development

GM engineers working principally at the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, United States developed the ATS.[2]

Rationale

Prior to the debut of the ATS, Cadillac's smallest vehicle was the mid-size CTS.[3] The CTS was comparable in price to compact competitors like the Audi A4, the BMW 3-Series and the Mercedes-Benz C-Class but was comparable in size and weight to the more expensive mid-size BMW 5-Series. Although Cadillac believed that customers would favor a 5-series sized car at a 3-series price, that assumption proved to be incorrect. Cadillac's research found that target customers who already owned vehicles like the 3-series or A4 did not want a larger vehicle. General Motors began development of a smaller car that would satisfy these target customers; that car would eventually become the Cadillac ATS.[4]

Competitive benchmarking

2013 Cadillac ATS in Thunder Grey Chromaflair on display at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show

To establish parameters around which they would design the ATS, GM engineers benchmarked the 1999-2006 BMW E46 3 Series, which ATS chief engineer Dave Masch and his team regarded as the most dynamic and driver-focused iteration of the 3 Series.[5] The engineers emphasized low weight when developing the ATS and their efforts resulted in a finished vehicle that weighs less than the BMW E46 benchmark.[4] To achieve this result, Masch suggested that the engineering team disregarded certain GM product development rules that, had they been followed, would have resulted in a heavier vehicle.[6]

New platform and minor refresh for 2015

During the early development of the ATS, GM engineers determined that downsizing the GM Sigma II platform that underpinned the second-generation CTS would result in a vehicle that was too heavy and that using an economical, front-wheel drive platform would sacrifice performance. Under the leadership of Dave Leone, GM engineers created a brand-new platform which was designed to be light and compact, to be capable of handling both rear- and all-wheel drive configurations and to have a near 50/50 weight distribution. The new platform developed by the GM engineers for the ATS is now called the GM Alpha platform.[7]

For 2015 model year, the refreshed Cadillac ATS will gain most of its styling from its Coupe version, the two-bar grille, Cadillac new redesign emblem, seen on the ATS coupe first, and will eventually be placed on every Cadillac lineup. Exterior tweaks for the 2015 Cadillac ATS front fascia has been lowered, and more exterior paint choices have been made. The ATS interior is a carryover for 2015, but has seen some modest technology updates for 2015 as well. The 2015 Cadillac ATS will go on sale later in 2014 as a 2015 model year.

Assembly

General Motors assembles the ATS at the Lansing Grand River Assembly plant in Lansing, Michigan, United States. GM spent US$190 million to upgrade the Lansing Grand River Assembly plant for ATS production and hired a second shift of workers.[8] GM began assembling vehicles intended for sale to customers on 26 July 2012.[9]

Specifications

The ATS is a compact four-door, five-passenger sedan. A two-door coupe is under development and expected to go on sale in summer 2014 as a 2015 model.[10][11] Convertible and station wagon variants are expected to be produced, although Cadillac has not yet confirmed those body styles.

The 2013 ATS ranged in price from US$34,000 to US$52,000, about US$1,800 less expensive than the entry level 2012 BMW 328i.[12][13] The 2014 ATS ranges in price from US$33,065 - US$58,760.[14]

The ATS has a curb weight of 3,315 to 3,461 lb (1,504 to 1,570 kg), depending on configuration, and a 51/49 front to rear weight percentage distribution.[2] The hood, front suspension and cradle are made from aluminum. The front suspension is a MacPherson strut, double-pivot set up, using a pair of ball joints and lower control links. Third-generation Magnetic Ride Control active suspension is optional on the Premium RWD variant. A mechanical limited-slip differential is standard with the turbo-engined variant and is an available option on vehicles equipped with the V6. [15]

Powertrains

The ATS is available in either a rear- or all wheel drive layout, has three available engines and two available transmissions.[16]

ATS Powertrains
Displacement Fuel GM Type Configuration Aspiration Power Torque Layouts Transmission Model Years
2,499 cc (2.5 L) Gasoline LCV I-4 Natural 202 hp (151 kW) @ 6300 rpm 190 lb·ft (258 N·m) @ 4400 rpm FR 6-speed automatic 2013-2014
1,998 cc (2.0 L) Gasoline LTG I-4 Turbocharged 272 hp (203 kW) @ 5500 rpm 260 lb·ft (353 N·m) @ 1700-5500 rpm FR,
F4 (optional)
6-speed automatic,
6-speed manual (optional)
2013-2014
1,998 cc (2.0 L) Gasoline LTG I-4 Turbocharged 272 hp (203 kW) @ 5500 rpm 295 lb·ft (400 N·m) @ 3000-5500 rpm FR,
F4 (optional)
6-speed automatic,
6-speed manual (optional)
2015-
3,564 cc (3.6 L) Gasoline LFX V6 Natural 321 hp (239 kW) @ 6800 rpm 274 lb·ft (371 N·m) @ 4800 rpm FR,
F4 (optional)
6-speed automatic 2013-2014

Engines

2013 Cadillac ATS 2.0T in Thunder Grey Chromaflair

The ATS base engine is a naturally aspirated 2.5-liter I-4 gasoline engine that produces 202 horsepower (151 kW). Optional engines include a 2.0-liter turbocharged I-4 gasoline engine that produces 272 horsepower (203 kW) and a naturally aspirated 3.6-liter V6 gasoline engine that produces 321 horsepower (239 kW).[17] GM has committed to offering a diesel engine for the ATS, but has not specified an availability date.[18][19]

EPA estimated fuel economy

EPA estimated fuel economy for the 2.5-liter I-4 is 22 mpg-US (11 L/100 km; 26 mpg-imp) city and 33 mpg-US (7.1 L/100 km; 40 mpg-imp) highway. The 2.0-liter turbo I-4 is rated at 21 mpg-US (11 L/100 km; 25 mpg-imp) city and 31 mpg-US (7.6 L/100 km; 37 mpg-imp) highway when paired with the automatic transmission and rear-wheel drive, and 20 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 24 mpg-imp) city and 30 mpg-US (7.8 L/100 km; 36 mpg-imp) highway with all-wheel drive. When equipped with the manual transmission, the 2.0-liter turbo achieves 19 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 23 mpg-imp) city and 30 mpg-US (7.8 L/100 km; 36 mpg-imp) highway. The V-6 is rated at 19 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 23 mpg-imp) city and 28 mpg-US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg-imp) highway in rear-drive form; when equipped with all-wheel drive, the respective figures are 18 mpg-US (13 L/100 km; 22 mpg-imp) and 26 mpg-US (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg-imp).[20]

2013 Cadillac ATS 2.0T with caramel/jet black leather interior featuring dark olive ash wood trim

Transmissions

All versions of the ATS are equipped with a 6-speed GM 6L45 Hydra-Matic automatic transmission as standard. The 2.0-liter turbo, rear-wheel drive version can be mated to an optional 6-speed Tremec M3L TR3160 manual transmission.[15][16]

Trim levels

In North America, at the time of the model's introduction, the 2013 ATS was available in four trim levels: Standard, Luxury, Performance and Premium.[21]

In China, at the time of the model's introduction, the ATS is available in five exterior colors and two interior colors over four trim levels: Standard, Luxury, Elite and Comfort.[22]

2015 Cadillac ATS Coupe

Cadillac ATS Coupe at the 2014 Toronto Motor Show

The 2015 Cadillac ATS Coupe debut at the 2014 Detroit Auto Show. The new two door Cadillac targets Mercedes-Benz C-Class Coupe and the BMW 4 Series. It will go on sale in the summer of 2014 as the 2015 Cadillac ATS Coupe. The ATS coupe is wider than the sedan. At the moment only 18 inch wheels are available but buyers can opt out for Brembo brakes. Two models will be available at launch. One will offer a 2.0L four-cylinder engine with 272 HP with 295 ft of torque. The other model will offer 3.6L engine with 321 HP with 275 ft of torque. Buyers have a choice of six-speed manual or a six-speed automatic transmission, and the option of all wheel drive or standard rear wheel drive. The 2015 Cadillac ATS Coupe is the first production model to wear Cadillac's newly revised brand emblem which goes away from the laurel wreath, and was first shown on the Cadillac Elmiraj concept car. Inside the ATS Coupe, the styling is similar to ATS Sedan. The car gets a handful of new technologies, that will roll across Cadillac's 2015 models. Some technologies include 4G LTE connectivity with a WiFi hotspot. The CUE interface with Siri Eyes Free, and a Bose stereo with 12 speakers.


2015 Cadillac ATS-L

In July 2014, Cadillac announced that it would be producing a long wheelbase version of the ATS for the Chinese market known as the ATS-L.[23] The ATS-L is approximately 3.3 inches longer than the standard wheelbase ATS sedan and will be manufactured in China by Shanghai GM.[24] Previous ATS vehicles had been imported to China from GM's Lansing manufacturing facility in Michigan. The ATS-L has a starting price of 270,000 Chinese Yuan, or about $43,600 US dollars.

Marketing

2013 Cadillac ATS in Crystal Red Tintcoat with 18" x 8" forged, machine-finished aluminum wheels on display at the 2012 North American International Auto Show

Cadillac showed a pre-production styling buck of the ATS to the press on 11 August 2009.[25] Cadillac debuted the production ATS to the press on 8 January 2012.[16] General Motors began selling the ATS in the United States in August 2012 as a 2013 model. Sales in China began on 21 November 2013.[26] Chinese-market vehicles will initially be imported from the United States by Shanghai GM; production in China is being considered.[27] Cadillac may sell the ATS in Europe depending upon the local market reaction.[2][19]

Reception

2.0 L Turbo

A comparison between the ATS 2.0 L Turbo and the BMW 328i published in the October 2012 issue of Car and Driver praised many aspects of the ATS. Although Car and Driver preferred the BMW 328i overall, the magazine concluded "If nothing changes in Bavaria and GM can produce a better engine, it’s easy to see the next round of this matchup going to Cadillac."[28] Consumer Reports gave the ATS 2.0 L Turbo a 76 out of 100 rating, referring to the ATS as "fun to drive" but noting that the 2.0 turbo engine "lacks refinement". Consumer Reports praised the handling, braking, fit and finish and front seat comfort of the ATS, but criticized the tight interior, small trunk, CUE controls and fuel economy relative to other vehicles in its class.[29]

3.6 L

Comparing the ATS 3.6 L to the Mercedes-Benz C350 and the BMW 335i Sport in the February 2013 issue, Motor Trend concluded that the "Nürburgring Nordschleife-developed chassis [of the ATS] beats the Germans at their own game." awarding the ATS first place in the comparison, but noting deficiencies in the CUE entertainment system and transmission.[30]

3.6 L AWD

A review of the ATS 3.6 L AWD published on 27 February 2013 by Autoblog stated that the ATS is not perfect, but is impressive for a first effort and is easily as stylish and capable as the BMW 3 series and Audi A4.[31]

Safety

Testing conducted by the United States National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration scored the 2013 and 2014 ATS, in both rear- and all-wheel drive variants, at five stars in frontal crash, side crash and rollover protection, resulting in five stars overall, the highest possible score. The NHTSA notes the availability of three NHTSA recommended technologies on the ATS: electronic stability control, forward collision warning and lane departure warning.[32][33]

Awards

In 2012, the 2013 ATS was chosen as "Car of the Year" by Esquire, "Luxury Car of the Year" by Popular Mechanics magazine and "Vehicle of the Year" by the Motor Press Guild.[34][35][36] In 2013, a jury composed of 49 journalists from the United States and Canada named the 2013 ATS the North American Car of the Year.[37][38]

Sales

Calendar year US sales
2012 7,008
2013 38,319[39]

References

  1. ^ "Compare Side-by-Side". www.fueleconomy.gov. United States Department of Energy. 2014. Specs. Retrieved 2013-12-20. EPA Size Class Compact Cars 
  2. ^ a b c Thompson, Chrissie; Phelan, Mark (2012-01-09). "2013 Cadillac ATS Puts an American Spin on Luxury".  
  3. ^ "GM Poised to Thrive with New Cars, Tech, Reuss Says" (Press release). Traverse City, Michigan:  
  4. ^ a b Lorio, Joe (October 2012). "First Drive: 2013 Cadillac ATS".  
  5. ^ MacKenzie, Angus (January 2012). "2013 Cadillac ATS".  
  6. ^ MacKenzie, Angus (March 2012). "The Big Picture: Rulebreaker". Motor Trend. Source Interlink Media.  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Anders, Melissa (2012-01-09). "ATS Announcement Has Lansing Gripped with Anticipation".  
  9. ^ "Production Begins for 2013 Cadillac ATS" (Press release). Detroit, Michigan: General Motors. 2012-07-26. Archived from the original on 2012-11-22. Retrieved 2012-11-22. The first 2013 Cadillac ATS compact luxury sport sedan intended for public sale was built today at the Lansing Grand River assembly plant in Michigan, culminating a massive design and development project. 
  10. ^ Colias, Mike (2013-04-29). "ATS Coupe Is on the Way, Cadillac Tells Its Dealers".  
  11. ^ Kranz, Rick (2013-11-20). "2015 Cadillac ATS Coupe To Debut at 2014 Detroit Auto Show".  
  12. ^  
  13. ^ Schultz, Jonathan (2012-05-07). "Cadillac Prices ATS Sedan at $33,990".  
  14. ^ "2014 ATS Sedan". Cadillac. General Motors. 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2013-11-25. FROM $33,065 - $58,760 
  15. ^ a b Vettraino, J.P. (July 23, 2012). "In the Game".  
  16. ^ a b c Ewing, Steven J. (2012-01-08). "2013 Cadillac ATS Debuts in Detroit, Diesel Engine Confirmed".  
  17. ^ "Power-Dense Engines Drive the Cadillac ATS" (Press release). Detroit, Michigan: General Motors Company. 2012-01-08. Archived from the original on 2012-11-21. Retrieved 2012-11-21. The 2.5L is rated at an estimated 202 horsepower (151 kW) and 191 lb.-ft. of torque (259 Nm), while the 2.0T – the latest in a series of technologically advanced, high-output turbo engines – at 272 horsepower (203 kW) and 260 lb.-ft. of torque (353 Nm). The award-winning 3.6L V-6 has 321 horsepower (239 kW) and 275 lb.-ft. of torque (373 Nm). 
  18. ^ Stenquist, Paul (2012-01-08). "Cadillac Spells Its BMW 3 Series Fighter ATS". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Wheels.  
  19. ^ a b Amend, James M. (2013-02-25). "Europe Image-Building Ground for Cadillac’s Global Plan".  
  20. ^ Berkowitz, Justin (2012-09-25) [2012-07-10]. "Four-Cylinder Cadillac ATS Scores 22/33-mpg EPA Ratings [Updated with 2.0T and 3.6 Ratings]". Car and Driver. Hearst Communications. 'Featured' News.  
  21. ^ "Trims". cadillac.com. General Motors Company. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2012-11-30. Standard - Luxury - Performance - Premium 
  22. ^ "凯迪拉克ATS风尚运动豪华轿车中国首发" [Cadillac ATS Luxury Sport Sedan Chinese Fashion Debut] (Press release) (in Chinese). Guangzhou, China: Shanghai General Motors Co. 2013-11-21. Archived from the original on 2013-11-24. Retrieved 2013-11-24. 凯迪拉克ATS 28T 领先型, 凯迪拉克ATS 28T 豪华型, 凯迪拉克ATS 28T 精英型, 凯迪拉克ATS 28T 舒适型 
  23. ^ http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1093567_cadillac-reveals-long-wheelbase-ats-l-for-chinese-market
  24. ^ http://autoweek.com/article/car-news/long-wheelbase-cadillac-ats-l-launch-august
  25. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-08-11). "Cadillac XTS Looks Like Sixteen Concept, ATS Aims at 3-Series with RWD". Autoblog. AOL.  
  26. ^ "Cadillac ATS Compact Luxury Sports Sedan Launched in China" (Press release). Guangzhou, China: General Motors. 2013-11-21. Archived from the original on 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2013-11-24. The much-anticipated Cadillac ATS compact luxury sports sedan was launched today in China at Auto Guangzhou 2013. 
  27. ^ "General Motors to Introduce Cadillac ATS to China in Q4" (Press release). Shanghai: General Motors. 2013-09-23. Archived from the original on 2103-11-08. Retrieved 2013-11-08. General Motors will introduce the award-winning Cadillac ATS compact luxury sports sedan in China in the fourth quarter of 2013. The ATS will be imported by Shanghai GM and sold at Cadillac dealers nationwide. 
  28. ^ Gall, Jared (October 2012). "2012 BMW 328i vs. 2013 Cadillac ATS". Car and Driver (Hearst Communications).  
  29. ^ "Cadillac ATS Overview".  
  30. ^ Lieberman, Jonny (February 2013). "Comparison: BMW 335i vs. Cadillac ATS vs. Mercedes-Benz C350". Motor Trend (Source Interlink Media) 65 (2).  
  31. ^ Bowman, Zach (2013-02-27). "2013 Cadillac ATS 3.6 AWD - All-Wheel, All Right". Autoblog. AOL.  
  32. ^ "Search Results by Model". safecar.gov.  
  33. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (2012-12-11). "2013 Cadillac ATS Earns Rare Perfect Score in NHTSA Crash Tests". Autoblog. AOL.  
  34. ^ Smith, Sam (September 2012). "The 2012 Esquire Car of the Year Awards".  
  35. ^ "Luxury Car of the Year: 2013 Cadillac ATS".  
  36. ^ "2013 Cadillac ATS Named Motor Press Guild Vehicle of the Year" (PDF) (Press release). Los Angeles:  
  37. ^ Garrett, Jerry (2013-01-14). "Cadillac ATS and Ram 1500 Win North American Car and Truck of the Year". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Wheels.  
  38. ^ "Domestic Automakers Dominated as the Cadillac ATS Took the 2013 North American Car of the Year and the Ram 1500 Won the 2013 North American Truck/Utility of the Year". North American Car and Truck of the Year Awards. 2013-01-14. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-01-14. The jurors gave the ATS 207 points, the Accord 159 points and the Fusion 124 points. 
  39. ^ http://media.gm.com/media/us/en/gm/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/us/en/2014/Jan/gmsales.html

External links

  • ATS official website - Canada
  • ATS official website - China
  • ATS official website - United States
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