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Caersws

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Caersws

Caersws
Welsh: Caersŵs

The village church
Caersws is located in Powys
Caersws
 Caersws shown within Powys
Population 1,526 (2001)
OS grid reference
Community Caersws
Principal area Powys
Ceremonial county Powys
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Caersws
Postcode district SY17
Dialling code 01650
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Montgomeryshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Powys

Caersws (Welsh: Caersŵs) (Welsh pronunciation: ) is a village and community on the River Severn, in the Welsh county of Powys, 5 miles (8 km) miles west of Newtown, and halfway between Aberystwyth and Shrewsbury. It has a station on the Cambrian Line from Aberystwyth to Shrewsbury. At the 2001 census it had a population of 1,526.[1]

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Buildings 3
  • Sport 4
  • Notable People 5
  • Gallery 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Literature 9
  • External links 10

Name

In modern Welsh, Caersws literally means "Fort Kiss", although sws almost certainly derives from some other source.[2] It has been argued that the site may retain a Roman-era dedication to Zeus[2] or preserve the name of a conjectured British queen Swswen.[3]

History

Caersws was the location of two Roman forts of Roman Wales. Although the Mediolanum of the Antonine Itinerary has since been identified as Whitchurch in Shropshire, Caersws is sometimes identified as the Mediolanum among the Ordovices described in Ptolemy's Geography,[2] although others argue for Llanfyllin[4] or Meifod.[4][5] Further, this second Mediolanum may be identical or distinct from the "Mediomanum" (lit. "Central Hand") mentioned by the Ravenna Cosmography.[2]

Buildings

Llanwnnog Church in the community of Caersws is a single-chambered structure, variously considered to date from the 13th or 15th century and restored in 1863. It contains the best example of a 15th or 16th century rood screen and loft in Montgomeryshire, a medieval font bowl and one 17th century memorial. Maesmawr Hall was built in the early 19th century.

Sport

Downhill Mountain Biking has flourished in forestry at Henblas farm, to the north of the village, with a number of national races being held there. The current series - The Caersws Cup[6] - began in March 2009.

Cymru Alliance club Caersws F.C. are based in the village, and play their home matches at the Recreation Ground.

Caersws is home to current and past champions of a number of sporting disciplines, leading some to christen it the "Sporting Capital of Wales".[7]

Notable People

  • Walter Watkins, former Welsh international footballer was born here.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Powys". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Roman Britain Organisation. Roman Britain"Mediomanum?" at . 2010.
  3. ^ History in Brief - Mid Wales at BBC.co.uk
  4. ^ a b Williams, Robert. , Vol. III, p. 59Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire"A History of the Parish of Llanfyllin" in . J. Russell Smith (London), 1870.
  5. ^ Newman, John Henry & al. , Ch. X: "Britain in 429, A. D.", p. 92.Lives of the English Saints: St. German, Bishop of Auxerre James Toovey (London), 1844.
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Sporty Village Boasts Famous Five at BBC.co.uk

Literature

  • Stephenson D. (2014), The Medieval Borough of Caersws: Origins and Decline, The Montgomeryshire Collections, Vol. 102, 103-109.

External links

  • Church of St Gwynnog, Llanwnnog
  • Official Caersws F.C. site
  • Mediomanum
  • Caersws Cup Downhill Mountain Bike Race
  • 6 pages of artifacts and documents associated with Caersws and held on Gathering the Jewels the website of Welsh cultural history
  • www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Caersws and surrounding area
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