World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

California State Senate


California State Senate

California State Senate
California State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
Elected before 2012:
2 terms (8 years)
Elected 2012 and after:
3 terms (12 years)
New session started
December 1, 2014
Gavin Newsom (D)
Since December 1, 2014
Kevin de León (D)
Since December 1, 2014
Majority Leader
Bill Monning (D)
Since December 17, 2014
Minority Leader
Jean Fuller (R)
Since August 27, 2015
Seats 40
Composition of the California State Senate
Political groups
  Democratic (26)
  Republican (14)
Length of term
4 years
Authority Article 4, California Constitution
Salary $95,291/year + per diem
Last election
November 6, 2014
Next election
November 8, 2016
Redistricting California Citizens Redistricting Commission
Senatoris est civitatis libertatem tueri
("It is a senator's duty to protect the liberty of the people.")
Meeting place
State Senate Chamber
California State Capitol
Sacramento, California

The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. The legislative body consists of 40 members, with each member representing approximately 931,000 people. Due to the state's large population and relatively small legislature, the State Senate has the largest population per representative ratio of any state legislative house. In the United States House of Representatives, California is apportioned 53 representatives, each representing approximately 704,566 people,[1] while in the State Senate, each of the 40 Senators represents approximately 931,349 people,[2] with the result that California state senators each actually represent more voters than California's representatives to the United States Congress do. As a result of Proposition 140 in 1990 and Proposition 28 in 2012, members elected to the legislature prior to 2012 are restricted by term limits to two four-year terms (eight years), while those elected in or after 2012 are allowed to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year state senate or two-year state assembly terms.[3]

The State Senate convenes at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.


  • History 1
  • Leadership 2
  • Meeting chamber 3
  • Officers 4
  • Composition 5
    • Seating chart 5.1
  • Committees 6
    • Standing 6.1
    • Joint 6.2
  • Offices 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Prior to 1968, state senate districts were restricted such that one county could hold at most only one seat. This led to the situation of Los Angeles County, with 6 million residents in 1968, receiving 600 times less representation than residents of Alpine County and Calaveras County, some of California's least populous counties. In Reynolds v. Sims, the United States Supreme Court compelled all states to draw up districts with equal population. As such, boundaries were changed to provide more equitable representation.


The Lieutenant Governor is the ex officio President of the Senate and may break a tied vote. The President pro tem is elected by the majority party caucus, followed by confirmation of the full senate. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.

The current president pro tem is Democrat Kevin de León (22ndLos Angeles). The minority leader is Republican Jean Fuller (16thBakersfield).

Meeting chamber

The red tones of the California State Senate Chamber are based on the


Position Name Party District
  President of the Senate Gavin Newsom Democratic
  President pro tempore Kevin de León Democratic 24th–Los Angeles
  Majority leader Bill Monning Democratic 17th–Carmel
  Majority whip Lois Wolk Democratic 3rd–Davis
  Majority caucus chair Connie Leyva Democratic 20th–Chino
  Majority caucus vice chair Mike McGuire Democratic 2nd–Healdsburg
  Minority leader Jean Fuller Republican 16th–Bakersfield
  Minority caucus chair Tom Berryhill Republican 8th–Twain Harte
  Minority caucus whip Ted Gaines Republican 1st–Roseville
  Minority caucus assistant whip Patricia Bates Republican 36th–Laguna Niguel
Secretary Daniel Alvarez
Sergeant-at-Arms Debbie Manning
Chaplain Sister Michelle Gorman

The Secretary, the Sergeant-at-Arms, and the Chaplain are not members of the Legislature.


Composition of the California State Senate
  Democratic Party
  Republican Party
26 14
Democratic Republican
Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Republican Vacant Suspended
End of previous legislature 25 12 37 1 2
Begin[4] 25 14 39 1 0
December 10, 2014[5] 26 40 0
January 2, 2015[6] 25 39 1
January 3, 2015[7] 13 38 2
January 5, 2015[8] 12 37 3
March 19, 2015[9] 13 38 2
March 22, 2015[10] 14 39 1
May 28, 2015[11] 26 40 0
Latest voting share 65% 35%

Seating chart

Runner Anderson Moorlach Galgiani Hueso Leno Roth Hernandez Hertzberg Wieckowski McGuire Wolk
Bates Nguyen Morrell Stone Cannella Hill Lara Pavley Leyva Mendoza Liu Hancock
Gaines Nielsen Berryhill Huff Vidak Fuller Jackson Mitchell Glazer Hall Allen Beall
Block de León Monning Pan


Current committees include:[12]


  • Senate Committee on Agriculture
  • Senate Committee on Appropriations
    • Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Fiscal Oversight and Bonded Indebtedness
  • Senate Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions
  • Senate Committee on Budget and Fiscal Review
    • Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 1 on Education
    • Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 2 on Resources
    • Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 3 on Health and Human Services
    • Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 4 on State Administration and General Government
    • Senate Budget Subcommittee No. 5 on Corrections
  • Senate Committee on Business, Professions and Economic Development
  • Senate Committee on Education
    • Senate Education Subcommittee on Sustainable School Facilities
  • Senate Committee on Elections and Constitutional Amendments
  • Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications
  • Senate Committee on Environmental Quality
  • Senate Committee on Governmental Organizations
  • Senate Committee on Governance and Finance
  • Senate Committee on Health
  • Senate Committee on Human Services
  • Senate Committee on Insurance
  • Senate Committee on Judiciary
  • Senate Committee on Labor and Industrial Relations
  • Senate Committee on Legislative Ethics
  • Senate Committee on Natural Resources and Water
    • Senate Natural Resources and Water Subcommittee on Urban Rivers
  • Senate Committee on Public Employment and Retirement
  • Senate Committee on Public Safety
  • Senate Committee on Rules
  • Senate Committee on Transportation and Housing
  • Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs


  • Joint Committee on Arts
  • Joint Committee on Fairs, Allocation and Classification
  • Joint Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture
  • Joint Committee on Legislative Audit
  • Joint Committee on Rules
  • Joint Legislative Budget
  • Joint Legislative Committee on Emergency Management


  • Senate Office of Research
  • Senate Office of Demographics
  • Senate Office of Floor Analysis
  • Senate Office of International Relations
  • Senate Office of Oversight and Outcomes

See also


  1. ^ "Apportionment Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  2. ^ "Senate Roster". State of California. 
  3. ^ "Article 4. Legislative".  
  4. ^ Vacant since September 22, 2014 when Democrat Rod Wright (District 35) resigned to serve a jail sentence after conviction for perjury and voter fraud.
  5. ^ Democrat Isadore Hall, III sworn in to succeed Wright.
  6. ^ Democrat Mark DeSaulnier (District 7) resigned to take office in Congress.
  7. ^ Republican Mimi Walters (District 37) resigned to take office in Congress.
  8. ^ Republican Steve Knight (District 21) resigned to take office in Congress.
  9. ^ Republican Sharon Runner sworn in to succeed Knight.
  10. ^ Republican John Moorlach sworn in to succeed Walters.
  11. ^ Democrat Steve Glazer sworn in to succeed DeSaulnier.
  12. ^ "California Senate Committees". Open States.  

External links

  • Official website of the California State Senate
    • Democratic Caucus
    • Republican Caucus
    • Sergeant-at-Arms
  • Map of the state senate districts
  • California legislative district maps from 1849 to the present
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.