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Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College

Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College
Established 1945
Type private university - Canadian Chiropractic Institute
President Dr. David J. Wickes [1]
Students 200 per year X 4 years
Location 6100 Leslie Street M2H 3J1
Campus Urban
Colours green      & black     ;
Affiliations CCO

The Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College is an non-profit, private higher education institution. With graduates now practising in 37 countries around the world, CMCC’s focus is the delivery of education, research and patient care.

Founded in 1945, CMCC is a not-for-profit corporation and is a registered charity. CMCC receives no direct government funding and relies on tuition, membership, and community / alumni donations to fund its operations.


  • Education at CMCC 1
    • Undergraduate education 1.1
    • Graduate studies 1.2
    • Continuing education 1.3
  • Research at CMCC 2
  • Patient care at CMCC 3
  • Vaccination Controversy 4
  • Notable alumni 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Education at CMCC

Pursuant to section 5(1) of the Post-secondary Choices and Excellence Act, 2000, the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College applied for consent to offer a Doctor of Chiropractic degree, which was granted April 21, 2004. CMCC awards a Doctor of Chiropractic Degree. The program is offered under the written consent of the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities of Ontario for the period of March 24, 2011 to March 21, 2021.[2][3]

The post secondary professional educational programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels are accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education Canada of the Canadian Federation of Chiropractic Regulatory and Educational Accrediting Boards. [4]

Undergraduate education

CMCC’s Doctor of Chiropractic program consists of four years of academic and clinical education, including a one-year internship in one of eight community-based clinics. Graduates complete approximately 4,200 hours of academic and clinical education, including studies in anatomy, biochemistry, physiology, neurology, as well as clinical diagnosis, diagnostic imaging, and chiropractic sciences.

Years I and II of the curriculum emphasize the foundational courses in the biological sciences. Beginning in Year I, and becoming the emphasis of the program in Years III and IV, are the professional courses in chiropractic studies, psychomotor skills, clinical education, and the related health professional courses (business, jurisprudence, ethics and professionalism, research, etc.).

All students benefit from CMCC’s teaching laboratories. The Manikin Based Simulation Laboratory — a first for an independent chiropractic program — exposes students to a wide variety of rare and/or serious conditions that may be seen in a chiropractor’s office, using highly sophisticated computerized manikins. The Force Sensing Table Laboratory provides students with quantitative feedback on spinal manipulative psychomotor skills through the use of adjusting tables capable of assessing several biomechanical parameters of the adjustment. With the Gross Anatomy Laboratory, CMCC is one of only 10 educational institutions designated as a school of anatomy under the authority of the Anatomy Act of the Province of Ontario.[5]

The Ministry renewed its consent for a 10-year period from March 24, 2011 to March 24, 2021.[6]

Graduate studies

CMCC’s Graduate Studies program provides advanced programs of postgraduate study that emphasize excellence in clinical skills, research, teaching, and leadership. Programs include: Clinical Fellowship Residencies, Work Disability Prevention Program, Master of Science, Advanced Professional Practice

In response to rising costs of work-related disability and a growing demand for Return to Work experts across all industries, CMCC recently introduced the Work Disability Prevention program, allowing regulated health professionals and Master’s level social workers to earn professional certification in this emerging field. An articulation agreement with the Anglo-European College of Chiropractic (AECC) allows Doctors of Chiropractic and other qualified health professionals to pursue a Master of Science, Advanced Professional Practice degree through CMCC, validated by AECC/Bournemouth University.[7]

Among the program’s 94 graduates, 69 remain actively involved in academia and research both in universities and chiropractic programs.[8]

Continuing education

CMCC’s Continuing Education Division (CE) provides access to high quality educational programs to meet the ever-changing needs of chiropractors in practice. Conferences, seminars, and online or hard copy resources improve practitioners’ knowledge and skills while enhancing the quality of patient care. CE programs are current and relevant to practicing chiropractors, related health care workers and undergraduate chiropractic students.

CE offerings include weekend seminars, fellowship programs, and certificate programs in areas such as Acupuncture, Clinical Anatomy and Independent Chiropractic Evaluations; Distance Education is also available for practitioners who want to enhance their professional skills from home or office, and scientific literature subscription services allow practitioners to research existing knowledge in scientific literature and integrate it into their patient care integral to evidence based practice.

Research at CMCC

The foundation of CMCC’s research agenda includes three centres – one which studies the biomechanics of treatment and outcome, and another to other to study implications on health policy and patient access to treatment. In 2012, in collaboration with the Ontario Institute of Technology, (UOIT), CMCC opened the Centre for the Study of Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation, dedicated to building new evidence informed approaches to health care delivery.[9] Current and relevant research informs the undergraduate curriculum and will ultimately contribute to the body of chiropractic knowledge, elevate the quality of CMCC’s education program, and improve patient care.[10]

CMCC faculty and students conduct research across far reaching topics that extend from the biological sciences, such as disc regenerative biology, cellular inflammatory mechanisms and models of joint disease; to applied mechanics such as joint biomechanics, spinal manipulation and elastography of soft tissues. As well, CMCC’s research into interprofessional health dynamics has earned international respect. Faculty research in this area has included using systems dynamics to explore jurisdictional control in health care delivery, a topic of widespread appeal.

To ensure students continue the tradition of excellence as consumers of research, translating evidence to patient centred practice, the completion of a research related literature synthesis is a requirement. An elective research project is available to those students who have special interest or are considering a research track in their career. CMCC student investigations have achieved outstanding success in international research competitions with awards in topics ranging from biomechanics to interprofessional collaboration.[11][12]

In support of this culture of research promotion, CMCC campus boasts research laboratories, including a Biomechanics and Elastography Laboratory, a Tissue Testing Laboratory, a Materials Fabrication Laboratory, a Neurophysiology Laboratory, and a Cellular and Molecular Biology and Histology Laboratory. Recently, CMCC established the McMorland Family Research Chair in Mechanobiology, a first for an independent chiropractic institution.[13]

Patient care at CMCC

The Division of Clinical Education offers patients a wide range of clinical services in communities throughout the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Community-based clinics are located in a variety of settings allowing a wide spectrum of patients access to high quality, evidence based chiropractic care. CMCC operates eight teaching clinics as primary sites. Each clinic has attributes of location, facility or clinician that make it unique.

The external clinics provide an opportunity for interns to experience six months of clinical training in a setting that more closely resembles practice. Many clinics are multi-disciplinary environments where students and interns gain a broader clinical experience with more focused patient populations, including Toronto’s urban aboriginal community, adults and children who are behaviourally, mentally and physically challenged, and patients with HIV/AIDS.

Beginning in 2012, CMCC will have an expanded presence at the new St. Michael’s Family Health Team clinic, part of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at Toronto’s St. Michael’s Hospital.The new clinic is set to be an advanced model of integrated care and one of the first of its kind in Ontario. When the program is fully implemented, CMCC interns and residents will be onsite and integrated into the health care team of family physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, chiropractors, psychologists, dieticians, social workers, pharmacists, occupational therapists and dental hygienists.[14][15]


Vaccination Controversy

A survey of a 1999–2000 cross section of students of Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College reported that fourth-year students opposed vaccination more strongly than first-years, with 29.4% of fourth-years opposing vaccination.[18]

Notable alumni

  1. Gary Goodyear - [19]
  2. Colin Carrie - 1989[20]
  3. Ruby Dhalla - 1999

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ "PEQAB" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  4. ^ "CFCREAB - Becoming a Chiropractor". Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  5. ^ "Anatomy Act - R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 21". 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  6. ^ "Degree Authority In Ontario". Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Graduate Studies at CMCC - Canadian Chiropractor". Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "MyCMCC User Login Form - Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College". 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  12. ^ "Researchers - Selected Publications - Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College". 2002-02-08. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  13. ^ "Research Chair - Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College". 2013-11-21. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  14. ^ "Media Release - Newsroom - Who We Are - St. Michael's". 1969-12-31. Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  15. ^ "Collaborative Community-Based Teaching Clinics at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College: Addressing the Needs of Local Poor Communities". Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 30: 558–565. 2007-10-31.  
  16. ^
  17. ^ "CFCREAB - Accreditation of Educational Programmes". Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  18. ^ Busse JW, Wilson K, Campbell JB (2008). "Attitudes towards vaccination among chiropractic and naturopathic students". Vaccine 26 (49): 6237–42.  
  19. ^ "The Honourable Gary Goodyear | Prime Minister of Canada". Retrieved 2014-01-04. 
  20. ^ "Colin Carrie, Member of Parliament, Oshawa". Retrieved 2008-08-29. 

External links

  • Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College
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