World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Canadian federal election, 1867

Article Id: WHEBN0000445732
Reproduction Date:

Title: Canadian federal election, 1867  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Acadie—Bathurst, Beauce (electoral district), Halifax (electoral district), Humber River—Black Creek, Miramichi (electoral district)
Collection: 1867 Elections in Canada, Canadian Federal Elections by Year
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Canadian federal election, 1867

Canadian federal election, 1867

August 7–September 20, 1867

180 seats in the 1st Canadian Parliament
91 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader John A. Macdonald George Brown (unofficial) Joseph Howe
Party Conservative Liberal Anti-Confederation
Leader's seat Kingston Ontario South (lost) Hants
Seats won 100[1] 62 18
Popular vote 92,722 60,818 21,239
Percentage 34.5% 22.7% 7.9%


Prime Minister before election

John A. Macdonald
Conservative

Prime Minister-designate

John A. Macdonald
Conservative

The Canadian federal election of 1867, held from August 7 to September 20, was the first election for the new nation of Canada. It was held to elect members to the Canadian House of Commons, representing electoral districts in the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec in the 1st Parliament of Canada. The provinces of Manitoba (1870) and British Columbia (1871) were created during the term of the 1st Parliament of Canada and were not part of the Canadian federal election of 1867.

Sir John A. Macdonald, as leader of the Conservative Party of Canada (concurrently known as the Liberal-Conservative Party until 1873), became the first Prime Minister of Canada as the Conservatives won a majority of the seats in the election. Macdonald had led a coalition government in the former Province of Canada during the last pre-Confederation election, and the Liberal-Conservative Party that came out of that coalition now won a majority of the seats (and votes) in the new provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

The Liberal Party of Ontario, was considered the "elder statesman" of the national party. Brown ran concurrently for seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario and the Canadian House of Commons, and may well have been Prime Minister in the unlikely event that the Liberals prevailed over the Conservatives in the national election. Brown failed to win a seat in either body, and the national Liberals remained officially leaderless until 1873.

The Anti-Confederation Party, led by Joseph Howe, won the third largest number of seats overall, based solely on a majority of seats (and votes) in the province of Nova Scotia. Their main desire was the reversal of the decision to join Confederation, which had become highly unpopular in that province. The goals of the Anti-Confederation Members of Parliament (MPs) were openly supported by five of the Liberal MPs of New Brunswick. The Anti-Confederation MPs sat with the Liberal caucus. When the government in Britain refused to allow Nova Scotia to secede, a majority of the Anti-Confederation MPs (11 of 18) moved to the Conservatives. Voter turn-out: 73.1%

Contents

  • Election results 1
    • National 1.1
    • Results by province 1.2
  • Vote and seat summaries 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Election results

The initial seat distribution of the 1st Canadian Parliament

National

100 62 18
Conservative Liberal A-C
Party Party leader # of
candidates
Elected Popular vote
# %
     Conservative Sir John A. Macdonald 81 71 63,752 23.45%
     Liberal-Conservative[1] 32 29 29,730 11.08%
     Liberal none (unofficially, George Brown) 65 62 60,818 22.67%
  Anti-Confederation[2] Joseph Howe 20 18 21,239 7.92%
     Independents 1 - 1,756 0.65%
     Liberal-Independent 1 - 1,048 0.39%
     Unknown 141 - 90,044 33.84%
Total 341 180 268,386 100%
Source: History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Acclamations

The following MPs were acclaimed:

  • Ontario: 3 Conservative, 3 Liberal-Conservatives, 9 Liberals
  • Quebec: 14 Conservatives, 5 Liberal-Conservatives, 4 Liberals
  • New Brunswick: 1 Conservative, 3 Liberals
  • Nova Scotia: 4 Anti-Confederates

Results by province

Party name Ontario Quebec  NB   NS  Total
     Conservative Seats 33 36 1 1 71
     Popular vote 26.2% 28.5%   13.8% 23.2%
     Liberal-Conservative Seats 16 11 2 - 29
     Vote 12.5% 12.3% 11.1% 3.5% 11.1%
     Liberal Seats 33 17 12   62
     Vote 23.7% 25.2% 49.5%   22.7%
  Anti-Confederation Seats       18 18
  Vote       58.2% 7.9%
     Unknown Seats - - - - -
     Vote 35.6% 34.1% 39.3% 24.4% 34.0%
     Independent Seats -       -
     Vote 1.3%       0.7%
     Independent Liberal Seats -       -
     Vote 0.7%       0.4%
Total seats 82 64 15 19 180

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Conservative
  
34.53%
Liberal
  
22.67%
Anti-Confederation
  
7.92%
Others
  
34.88%
Seat totals
Conservative
  
55.56%
Liberal
  
34.44%
Anti-Confederation
  
10.00%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Though Liberal-Conservatives were identifying themselves as such, these MPs ( 29 MPs) and those identifying as Conservatives (71 MPs) were both led by Sir John A. Macdonald (himself a Liberal-Conservative) and sat together in the House of Commons forming a 100 MPs majority.
  2. ^ Anti-Confederates sat with the Liberal Party in the House of Commons.

External links

  • Map of electoral districts coloured for each party
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.