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Canadian federal election, 1940

 

Canadian federal election, 1940

Canadian federal election, 1940

March 26, 1940

245 seats in the 19th Canadian Parliament
123 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader W. L. Mackenzie King Robert Manion J. S. Woodsworth
Party Liberal National Government Co-operative Commonwealth
Leader since 1919 1938 1932
Leader's seat Prince Albert London
candidate in Fort William (lost)
Winnipeg North Centre
Last election 173 39 7
Seats won 179 39 8
Seat change +6 - +1
Popular vote 2,365,979 1,348,260 388,103
Percentage 51.32% 29.24% 8.42%
Swing +6.64pp -0.6pp -1.07pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  ND
Leader J. H. Blackmore William D. Herridge
Party Social Credit2 New Democracy2
Leader since 1935 1939
Leader's seat Lethbridge Ran in Kindersley (lost)
Last election 17 pre-creation
Seats won 7 3
Seat change -10 +3
Popular vote 46,271 73,083
Percentage 1.00% 1.59%
Swing -3.1pp +1.59pp


Prime Minister before election

William Lyon Mackenzie King
Liberal

Prime Minister-designate

William Lyon Mackenzie King
Liberal

The Canadian federal election of 1940 was the 19th general election in Canadian history. It was held March 26, 1940, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 19th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party was re-elected to their second consecutive majority government.

The election was overshadowed by the Second World War, which caused many Canadians to rally around the government. In response to this, the Conservative Party of Robert Manion ran on a platform advocating the creation of an all-party national unity government and ran under the name "National Government" in this election. Though Manion was personally opposed to conscription, the Liberals faced intense pressure in Quebec on the question and promised not to institute the measure. This promise was to haunt the Liberals as they faced increasing pressure from the military and especially from English Canada to bring in the measure. To release him from his 1940 promise, King called a plebiscite in 1942 on the question. See also Conscription Crisis of 1944. It was the most successful election for the Liberal Party in its history, in which it captured 73% of seats in the House of Commons.

Social Credit ran jointly with the New Democracy movement of William Duncan Herridge.

Some candidates of the Conservative and Social Credit parties insisted on running under the traditional names, however.

The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) gained its first seat east of Manitoba, with the election of Clarence Gillis from Cape Breton Island. This election was the last one for its ailing leader, J.S. Woodsworth.

Voter turn-out: 69.9%

Contents

  • National results 1
  • Vote and seat summaries 2
  • Results by province 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

National results

179 39 8 7 3 9
Liberal NG/C CCF SC ND O
Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1935 Elected % Change # % pp Change
     Liberal W. L. Mackenzie King 242 173 179 +2.3% 2,365,979 51.32% +6.64
     National Government 1 Robert Manion 199 * 36 - 1,348,260 29.24% +0.57
     Conservative 1 8 39 3 53,799 1.17%
     Co-operative Commonwealth J. S. Woodsworth 93 7 8 +14.3% 388,103 8.42% -1.07
Social Credit2 J.H. Blackmore 9 17 7 -41.17% 46,271 1.00% -1.51
     New Democracy2 W.D. Herridge 17 * 3 73,083 1.59%
Liberal–Progressive   4 4 3 -25.0% 27,815 0.60% -0.07
     Independent Liberal 32 1 2 +100% 147,216 3.19% +1.96
     Independent 19 1 1 - 57,247 1.24% +0.85
     Independent Conservative 5 1 1 - 10,431 0.23% +0.21
     Unity   2 * 1 * 12,337 0.27% *
     United Reform Movement   1 * 1 * 13,868 0.30% *
     Independent National 2 * - * 12,710 0.28% *
     Unknown 2 - - - 4,622 0.10% +0.02
Communist Tim Buck 8 - - - 8,699 0.19% -0.27
     Farmer-Labour   2 * - * 8,126 0.18% *
     National Unity   1 * - * 7,534 0.16% *
     NDP 3   2 * - * 6,761 0.15% *
     United Farmers of Ont.-Labour   1 - - - 4,761 0.10% -0.06
Labour   1 - - - 3,916 0.08% -0.25
     United Progressive   1 * - * 2,727 0.06% *
     National Liberal Progressive   1 * - * 2,434 0.05% *
National Labour   1 * - * 2,354 0.05% *
     Anti-Conscriptionist   1 * - * 642 0.01% *
Canadian Labour   1 * - * 398 0.01% *
     United Reform   1 * - * 269 0.01% *
     Social Credit-National Unity   1 * - * 241 0.01% *
Total 657 245 245 -0.8% 4,610,603 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Notes:

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

1 "Change" and "% Change% figures compare total of "National Government" and "Conservative" to 1935 Conservative vote.

2 New Democracy and Social Credit ran jointly under the New Democracy banner under the leadership of former Conservative William Duncan Herridge who had founded New Democracy in 1939 to promote his ideas monetary and economic reform, though several candidates continued to run under the old Social Credit name. The 3 New Democracy MPs elected were all Social Credit incumbents, including Social Credit parliamentary leader John Horne Blackmore while Herridge himself failed to win his seat. The party sat in the House of Commons under the New Democracy name until 1944 when its national convention voted to revert to the Social Credit name.

3Two candidates appear to have run under the "New Democratic Party" banner. It is unlikely that this was related in any way to the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation's adoption of this name in 1960. This may be a mis-reporting of party label - these candidates may have been "New Democracy" candidates.

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Liberal
  
51.32%
National/Conservative
  
30.41%
CCF
  
8.42%
Social Credit
  
1.00%
Others
  
8.85%
Seat totals
Liberal
  
73.06%
National/Conservative
  
15.92%
CCF
  
3.27%
Social Credit
  
2.86%
Others
  
4.90%

Results by province

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total
     Liberal Seats: 10 7 12 13 56 62 5 10 4 - 179
     Popular Vote: 37.4 37.9 43.0 43.5 50.3 64.4 54.6 50.4 55.3 46.4 51.3
     National Government Seats: 4 - 2 1 22 - 5 1 - 1 36
     Vote: 28.8 13.0 14.1 26.2 40.2 18.0 43.4 40.1 44.7 53.6 30.0
     Conservative Seats:     - - 3 -         3
     Vote:     0.2 1.7 2.2 1.1         1.2
     Co-operative Commonwealth Seats: 1 - 5 1 - - - 1     8
     Vote: 28.4 13.0 27.5 19.6 3.8 0.7 0.4 6.0     8.6
  Social Credit Seats:   7   -             7
  Vote:   16.5   0.6             1.0
     New Democracy Seats: - 3 - -   -         3
  Vote: 0.1 18.0 3.3 0.4   0.9         1.6
  Liberal-Progressive Seats:       2 1           3
  Vote:       4.7 0.8           0.6
     Independent Liberal Seats: -       - 2 - -     2
     Vote: xx       1.0 10.2 1.6 3.3     3.3
     Independent Seats: 1 - - - - -   -     1
     Vote: 3.0 0.2 1.0 3.4 0.4 2.1   0.2     1.3
     United Reform Movement Seats:     1               1
     Vote:     3.7               0.3
     Unity Seats:     1               1
     Vote:     3.3               0.3
     Independent Conservative Seats:           1         1
     Vote:           0.9         0.2
Total Seats 16 17 21 17 82 65 10 12 4 1 245
Parties that won no seats:
     Independent Nat. Gov. Vote: 0.1         1.1         0.3
Communist Vote: 0.4 0.3 0.6 xx 0.2 0.1         0.2
     Farmer-Labour Vote:         0.5           0.2
     National Unity Vote:     2.0               0.2
     NDP (?) Vote: 1.6       xx           0.2
     UFO-Labour Vote:         0.3           0.1
     Unknown Vote:     1.2   xx           0.1
Labour Vote:           0.3       0.1
     United Progressive Vote:     1.0               0.1
     National Liberal Progressive Vote:         0.2           0.1
National Labour Vote:           0.2         0.1
     Anti-Conscriptionist Vote:           0.1         xx
Canadian Labour Vote:         xx           xx
     United Reform Vote:     0.1               xx
  • xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

See also

References

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