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Canadian order of precedence

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Title: Canadian order of precedence  
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Canadian order of precedence

The Canadian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the governing institutions of Canada. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol.

The Department of Canadian Heritage issues a Table of Precedence for Canada,[1] which does not include members of the Royal Family, save for the sovereign, mentioned in a note as preceding the governor general. The Department of National Defence issues near identical guidelines, with the primary difference being the inclusion of members of the Canadian Royal Family,[2] specifying that they take precedence after the governor general. The provinces and territories of Canada also have their own orders of precedence for events of a provincial or territorial nature. They serve the same purpose and are structured similarly, but place an emphasis on provincial or territorial offices.

All units of the Canadian Forces also have an order of precedence that determines seniority; it often decides such matters as which unit forms up to the right (senior side) of other units on a ceremonial parade, or the order in which marches or calls are played at a mess dinner.

  1. Queen of Canada: Her Majesty [3]
  2. Governor General of Canada: His Excellency the Right Honourable
  3. Prime Minister of Canada: The Right Honourable
  4. Chief Justice of Canada: The Right Honourable
  5. Former Governors General of Canada in order of their departure from office:
  6. The Right Honourable Ed Schreyer (1979–1984)
  7. The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson (1999–2005)
  8. The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean (2005–2010)
  9. Surviving spouses of deceased Governors General of Canada:
  10. Gerda Hnatyshyn, widow of The Right Honourable Ray Hnatyshyn
  11. Diana Fowler LeBlanc, widow of The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc
  12. Former Prime Ministers of Canada in order of their first assumption of office:
  13. The Right Honourable Joe Clark (1979–1980)
  14. The Right Honourable John Turner (1984)
  15. The Right Honourable Brian Mulroney (1984–1993)
  16. The Right Honourable Kim Campbell (1993)
  17. The Right Honourable Jean Chrétien (1993–2003)
  18. The Right Honourable Paul Martin (2003–2006)
  19. The Right Honourable Stephen Harper (2006–2015)
  20. Former Chief Justices of Canada, in order of their appointment
    (none currently living)
  21. Speaker of the Canadian Senate: The Honourable
  22. Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons: The Honourable
  23. Representatives to Canada of foreign governments
    Ambassadors and High Commissioners come first, in order of the presentation of their credentials; then come Ministers Plenipotentiary, and then Chargés d'affaires.
  24. Ministers of the Crown
  25. Members of the Cabinet in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[4]
  26. The Honourable Bernard Valcourt, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development (June 30, 1986)
  27. The Honourable Rob Nicholson, Minister of Foreign Affairs (June 25, 1993)
  28. The Honourable Peter MacKay, Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of Canada (February 6, 2006)
  29. The Honourable Rona Ambrose, Minister of Health (February 6, 2006)
  30. The Honourable Diane Finley, Minister of Public Works and Government Services (February 6, 2006)
  31. The Honourable Tony Clement, President of the Treasury Board and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario (February 6, 2006)
  32. The Honourable Peter Van Loan, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (November 27, 2006)
  33. The Honourable Jason Kenney, Minister of Employment and Social Development and Minister for Multiculturalism (January 4, 2007)
  34. The Honourable Gerry Ritz, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food and Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board (January 4, 2007)
  35. The Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Cooperation (January 4, 2007)
  36. The Honourable James Moore, Minister of Industry (June 25, 2008)
  37. The Honourable Denis Lebel, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec (October 30, 2008)
  38. The Honourable Leona Aglukkaq, Minister of the Environment (October 30, 2008)
  39. The Honourable Lisa Raitt, Minister of Transport (October 30, 2008)
  40. The Honourable Gail Shea, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans (October 30, 2008)
  41. The Honourable Julian Fantino, Minister of Veterans Affairs (January 4, 2011)
  42. The Honourable Steven Blaney, Minister of Public Safety (May 18, 2011)
  43. The Honourable Ed Fast, Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway (May 18, 2011)
  44. The Honourable Joe Oliver, Minister of Natural Resources (May 18, 2011)
  45. The Honourable Kerry-Lynne Findlay, Minister of National Revenue (July 5, 2012)
  46. The Honourable Shelly Glover, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages (July 15, 2013)
  47. The Honourable Kellie Leitch, Minister of Labour (July 15, 2013)
  48. The Honourable Chris Alexander, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (July 15, 2013)
  49. Ministers of State in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[5]
  50. The Honourable Maxime Bernier, Minister of State (Small Business and Tourism) (January 19, 2010)
  51. The Honourable John Duncan, Minister of State and Chief Government Whip (August 6, 2010)
  52. The Honourable Lynne Yelich, Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas and Consular Affairs)(October 30, 2008)
  53. The Honourable Gary Goodyear, Minister of State (Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario) (October 30, 2008)
  54. The Honourable Rob Moore, Minister of State (ACOA) (January 19, 2010)
  55. The Honourable Tim Uppal, Minister of State (Multiculturalism) (May 18, 2011)
  56. The Honourable Alice Wong, Minister of State (Seniors) (May 18, 2011)
  57. The Honourable Bal Gosal, Minister of State (Sport) (May 18, 2011)
  58. The Honourable Kevin Sorenson, Minister of State (Finance) (July 15, 2013)
  59. The Honourable Pierre Poilievre, Minister of State (Democratic Reform) (July 15, 2013)
  60. The Honourable Greg Rickford, Minister of State (Science and Technology) (July 15, 2013)
  61. The Honourable Candice Bergen, Minister of State (Social Development) (July 15, 2013)
  62. The Honourable Michelle Rempel, Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification) (July 15, 2013)
  63. Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition:
  64. Lieutenant Governors of the provinces, in the order their province joined Confederation and by population at joining to break ties
  65. Lieutenant Governor of Ontario: The Honourable
  66. Lieutenant Governor of Quebec: The Honourable
  67. Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia: The Honourable
  68. Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick: The Honourable
  69. Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba: The Honourable
  70. Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: The Honourable
  71. Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Frank Lewis
  72. Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan: The Honourable
  73. Lieutenant Governor of Alberta: The Honourable
  74. Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador: The Honourable
  75. All other Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada in order with the date of their appointment to the Privy Council, but with precedence given to those who bear the title "Right Honourable" in accordance with the date of receiving the honorary title.[6]
  76. The Right Honourable Don Mazankowski PC OC AOE (1992) (the only person with the title "Right Honourable" who is not higher on the list)
  77. List of current members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
  78. Premiers of the Provinces, in the order their province joined confederation and by population at joining to break ties
  79. Premier of Ontario: The Honourable
  80. Premier of Quebec: The Honourable ; Philippe Couillard also appears higher on the list
  81. Premier of Nova Scotia: The Honourable
  82. Premier of New Brunswick: The Honourable
  83. Premier of Manitoba: The Honourable
  84. Premier of British Columbia: The Honourable
  85. Premier of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable
  86. Premier of Saskatchewan: The Honourable
  87. Premier of Alberta: The Honourable
  88. Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador: The Honourable Paul Davis
  89. Commissioners of the Territories
  90. Commissioner of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable
  91. Commissioner of the Yukon Territory: The Honourable
  92. Commissioner of Nunavut: The Honourable
  93. Premiers of the Territories
  94. Premier of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable Bob McLeod
  95. Premier of Yukon: The Honourable
  96. Premier of Nunavut: The Honourable
  97. Religious leaders, equally, by seniority
    Limited to "senior Canadian representatives of faith communities having a significant presence in a relevant jurisdiction".
  98. Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court
  99. The Honourable Rosalie Abella
  100. The Honourable Thomas Cromwell
  101. The Honourable Michael J. Moldaver
  102. The Honourable Andromache Karakatsanis
  103. The Honourable Richard Wagner
  104. The Honourable Clément Gascon
  105. The Honourable Suzanne Côté
  106. The Honourable Russell Brown
  107. Superior court justices
  108. Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada
  109. Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada: The Honourable Paul S. Crampton
  110. Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada (None currently)
  111. Chief Justices of the highest court of each province and territory in order of date of appointment as chief justice
  112. The Honourable Catherine Fraser, Chief Justice of Alberta, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut (12 March 1992)
  113. The Honourable Ernest Drapeau, Chief Justice of New Brunswick (2003)
  114. The Honourable Michael MacDonald, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia (2005)
  115. The Honourable David H. Jenkins, Chief Justice of Prince Edward Island (1 February 2008)
  116. The Honourable Derek Green, Chief Justice of Newfoundland and Labrador (2009)
  117. The Honourable Nicole Duval Hesler, Chief Justice of Quebec (7 October 2011)
  118. The Honourable Richard J. Chartier, Chief Justice of Manitoba (8 March 2013)
  119. The Honourable Robert J. Bauman, Chief Justice of British Columbia and Yukon (16 June 2013)
  120. The Honourable Robert Richards, Chief Justice of Saskatchewan (2013)
  121. The Honourable George Strathy, Chief Justice of Ontario (13 June 2014)
  122. Chief Justices and Associate Chief Justices of other superior courts, in order of appointment as chief justice
  123. The Honourable David Smith, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (1998)
  124. The Honourable Heather Forster Smith, Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2002)
  125. The Honourable Lori Douglas, Associate Chief Justice, Family Division, of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (14 May 2009)
  126. The Honourable Glenn Joyal, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (4 February 2011)
  127. The Honourable Alexandra Hoy, Associate Chief Justice of Ontario (6 June 2013)
  128. The Honourable Frank Marrocco, Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2013)
  129. Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable François Rolland
  130. Senior Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable Robert Pidgeon
  131. Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable André Wery
  132. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: The Honourable Joseph Kennedy
  133. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: The Honourable Deborah K. Smith
  134. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, Family Division: The Honourable Lawrence I. O'Neil
  135. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba: The Honourable Shane Perlmutter
  136. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia (The Honourable Christopher E. Hinkson)
  137. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia: The Honourable Austin F. Cullen
  138. Chief Justice of the Trial Division, Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Jacqueline Matheson
  139. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan: The Honourable Martel Popescul
  140. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable Neil Wittmann
  141. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable J.D. Rooke
  142. Chief Justice of the Trial Division of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland: The Honourable David B. Orsborn
  143. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable Virginia Schuler
  144. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory: The Honourable Ronald Veale
  145. Senior Judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice: The Honourable Robert Kilpatrick
  146. Federal and provincial superior court puisne justices
  147. Senators
    See List of current Canadian senators
  148. Members of the House of Commons
    See List of House members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada
  149. Consuls General of Countries Without Diplomatic Representation
  150. Clerk of the Privy Council and Secretary to Cabinet:
  151. Military Leaders
  152. Chief of the Defence Staff:
  153. Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police:
  154. Speakers of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
  155. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario: The Honourable
  156. President of the National Assembly of Quebec: The Honourable
  157. Speaker of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly: The Honourable Kevin Murphy
  158. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick: The Honourable Chris Collins
  159. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba: The Honourable
  160. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia: The Honourable
  161. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable
  162. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan: The Honourable
  163. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta: The Honourable
  164. Speaker of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly: The Honourable
  165. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable
  166. Speaker of the Yukon Legislative Assembly: The Honourable
  167. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut: The Honourable
  168. Members of the Executive Councils of the Provinces and Territories
  169. Judges of Provincial and Territorial Courts
  170. Members of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
  171. Chairperson of the Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians
  172. See also

    Footnotes

    1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage: Table of Precedence for Canada
    2. ^ The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces
    3. ^ Footnote 1 of the Table of Precedence for Canada issued by the Department of Canadian Heritage states that the Queen is to be afforded precedence immediately before the Governor General. No other members of the Royal Family are listed in the table or mentioned in the footnotes. The Department of National Defence's protocol, places members of the royal family immediately after the Governor General when they are in Canada. That DND protocol does not list a precedence within the royal family.
    4. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
    5. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
    6. ^ Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada

    External links

    • Department of Canadian Heritage: Table of Precedence for Canada
    • The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces
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