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Canton of Geneva

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Location in Switzerland
République et Canton de Genève
Canton of Switzerland
Coat of arms of République et Canton de Genève
Coat of arms
, member of the Social Democratic Party      (PS/SP), was re-elected in the second round as Conseillère des Etats of the canton of Geneva with an absolute majority of xxx votes. She is part of the Council of States (French: Conseil des Etats) since 2007. Councilor , member of the Green Party (PES/GPS)      (PES/GPS), was re-elected in the second round with an absolute majority of xxx votes. He is part of the Council of States since 2007.[9]

Demographics

Largest groups of foreign residents 2013[2]
Nationality Amount % total
(foreigners)
 Portugal 36,518 7.7 (18.8)
 France 27,231 5.7 (14.0)
 Italy 20,591 4.3 (10.6)
 Spain 14,346 3.0 (7.4)
 United Kingdom 7,440 1.6 (3.8)
 Germany 4,981 1.0 (2.6)
 Kosovo 4,690 1.0 (2.4)
 USA 4,637 1.0 (2.4)
 Russia 3,870 0.8 (2.0)
 Brazil 3,517 0.7 (1.8)
 Turkey 2,263 0.5 (1.2)

The population of the canton (as of 31 December 2014) is 482,545.[2] As of 2013, the population included 194,623 foreigners from 187 different nations, or about 40.1% of the total population.[2]

The population of the Canton, as of December 2013, contains 168,505 people originally from Geneva (35.4%), 112,878 Swiss from other cantons (23.7%). About 73% foreigners come from Europe (EU28: 64.4%), 9.1% from Africa, 9.0% from the Americas and 8.5% from Asia.[2] Including people holding multiple citizenship, 54.4% of people living in Geneva hold a foreign passport.[10]

Village square in Meyrin

As home of Calvin's Reformation, the canton of Geneva has traditionally been a Protestant Christian stronghold. However, over the latter part of the 20th century the proportion of Catholics (36.6% as of 2012) rose, in large part due to immigration from Southern Europe, and now they outnumber Protestants (10.8% as of 2012) in the canton by far, mainly due to a general distribution of a non-denominational stance in the Swiss population since 1970 (CH / Geneva: 1.2% / 3.4%), while as of 2012 the non-denominational stance is just slightly smaller (CH / Geneva: 20.1% / 35.9%) than the largest religious group. However, the canton is still officially considered Protestant. The surrounding regions of France are mostly Roman Catholic. 5.4% of the Genevian population belong to other Christian groups, 5.5% are Muslims, and 5.9% belong to other religious groups.[11][12]

Economy

The city of Geneva dominates the economy of the canton. It is a center of commerce, trade and finance. Geneva is of international significance also as a financial center. A great number of Swiss banks are located in Geneva, particularly in the area of private banking.

The service industry is most significant in Geneva where there are headquarters of a number of international corporations and organizations, such as the United Nations and the International Labor Organization. Agriculture is commonplace in the hinterlands of Geneva, particularly wheat and wine. Precision machinery and instruments are other branches where the economy of the canton of Geneva is strong. This is also reflected in the tradition of watchmaking in Geneva.

Transport

Most of the main roads in the canton of Geneva radiate from the capital city of Geneva. Of these main roads, a great number lead into France rather than any Swiss canton. The canton is served by an international airport at Cointrin (Geneva International Airport) which has one terminal only. There are many railway services including commuter, intercity regional, and international mostly originating from Geneve Cornavin Station in Geneva. The services are operated by the Swiss Federal Railways, SNCF (France's national rail), and Trenitalia. Since 1984 the French high-speed trains (TGV) come to Geneva. In 1964 the canton of Geneva was connected to the Swiss highway system, in 1970 to that of France.

Education

The main educational institution is the University of Geneva, founded in 1559 by Calvin. It was originally called Schola Genevensis. The original buildings are not used by the University any longer, but by Collège Calvin.

Culture

Jeûne genevois is a public holiday specific to Geneva, celebrated on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Kantonsdaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b c d e Canton of Geneva Statistics, MS Excel document – Population Population résidante totale par commune, depuis 1950 (French) accessed 23 June 2015
  3. ^ "Liste officielle des communes de la Suisse – 01.01.2008". Office fédéral de la statistique. Retrieved 15 December 2008. 
  4. ^ "Grand Conseil: Partis politiques" (official site) (in French). République et canton de Genève. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  5. ^ "Election du Grand Conseil du 6 Octobre 2013" (official site) (in French). République et canton de Genève. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  6. ^ Condition pour l'aboutissement d'un référendum cantonal (French). Retrieved 27 April 2011
  7. ^ Condition pour l'aboutissement d'une initiative cantonale (French). Retrieved 27 April 2011
  8. ^ "Canton de Genève, Conseil national, 11 Sièges" (in French, German, and Italian). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 18 October 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  9. ^ "Council of States - Results: Geneva". Swiss Federal Confederation. 8 November 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  10. ^ Les binationaux dans le canton de Genève. Résultats du recensement fédéral de la population 2000, Communications statistiques n° 24 (PDF) (Report). OCSTAT, Geneva. 2005. Retrieved 12 May 2011.  (French)
  11. ^ "Statistiques cantonales – Les 21 domaines: 01. Population – Langues et religions" (official website) (in French). Geneva, Switzerland: StatistiqueGenève, République et Canton de Genève. August 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 
  12. ^ "Languages and religions – Data, indicators: Religion" (official website). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-08. 

External links

  • Official page (French)
  • Official statistics
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