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Canton of Jura

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Title: Canton of Jura  
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Subject: Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites, Cantons of Switzerland, Switzerland, Canton of Bern, European route E27
Collection: 1979 Establishments in Switzerland, Canton of Jura, Cantons of Switzerland
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Canton of Jura

Location in Switzerland
République et Canton du Jura
Canton of Switzerland
Coat of arms of République et Canton du Jura
Coat of arms
[[File:Karte Lage Kanton Jura 2015.png|250px|alt=Map of Switzerland, location of Jura highlighted|Location in Switzerland
Capital Delémont
Subdivisions 64 municipalities, 3 districts
 • Executive Conseil d'Etat (5)
 • Legislative Parliament (60)
 • Total 838.55 km2 (323.77 sq mi)
Population (12/2014)[2]
 • Total 72,410
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CH-JU
Highest point 1,302 m (4,272 ft): Mont Raimeux
Lowest point 364 m (1,194 ft): Allaine at Boncourt
Joined 1979
Languages French
Website .chJU

The Republic and Canton of the Jura (French: République et Canton du Jura), also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the cantons of Switzerland. It is the newest (created in 1979) of the 26 Swiss cantons, located in the northwestern part of Switzerland. The capital is Delémont. It shares borders with the Canton of Basel-Landschaft, the Canton of Bern, the Canton Neuchâtel, the Canton of Solothurn and the French département of Doubs.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Political subdivisions 3
    • Districts 3.1
    • Municipalities 3.2
  • Demographics 4
  • Historic population 5
  • Economy 6
  • Culture 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes and references 9
  • Bibliography 10
  • External links 11


Old city of Porrentruy

The King of Burgundy donated much of the land that today makes up Canton Jura to the Bishop of Basel in 999. The area was a sovereign state within the Holy Roman Empire for more than 800 years. After the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 the Jura had close ties with the Swiss Confederation. At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Jura region became part of the canton of Bern. This act caused dissention. The Jura was French-speaking and Roman Catholic, whereas the canton of Bern was mostly German-speaking and Protestant.

After World War II, a Protestant majority, opted not to join the newly formed canton, instead remaining part of the Canton of Bern. Although this decision may be considered strange linguistically, the choice may have been influenced by the fact that the Canton of Bern is financially richer and is at the heart of federal power in Switzerland. The area is now known as Bernese Jura. The word Jura, therefore, may refer either to Canton Jura, or to the combined territory of Canton Jura and the Bernese Jura. Switzerland as a whole often presents the latter from a touristic standpoint with documentation easily available in French or German.

The coat of arms of the canton has been set apart in the dome of the Federal Palace in Bern after its foundation in 1978

On creation, the canton adopted the title Republic and Canton of the Jura. Other cantons in Switzerland using the title "Republic and Canton" are Ticino, Canton Geneva, and Canton Neuchâtel. In each case, the title refers to the autonomy of the canton and its nominal sovereignty within the Swiss Confederation.

Since 1994, the question of the Jura region has again been controversial. In 2004, a federal commission proposed that the French-speaking southern Jura be reunited with the Canton of Jura, as the language question now seems to be more important than the denominational one. A possible solution would be to create two Half-Cantons, as reunification with the creation of only a single Canton would mean a complete restructuring of the Jura's current political system with the Cantonal capital being transferred from Delémont to Moutier.


Canton Jura lies in the northwest of Switzerland. It consists of parts of the Jura mountains in the south and the Jura plateau in the north. The Jura plateau is hilly and almost entirely limestone. The districts of Ajoie and Franches-Montagnes lie in this region. The term "Jurassic" is derived from the Jura Alps, strata of which date to that era.

To the north and the west of the Canton lies France. The canton of Solothurn and Basel-Landschaft are to east of the canton, while the canton of Bern bounds the Jura to the south. The rivers Doubs and the Birs drain the lands. The Doubs joins the Saône and then the Rhône, whereas the Birs is a tributary to the Rhine.

Political subdivisions


Districts in the Canton of Jura

Jura is divided into 3 districts:


There are 64 municipalities in the canton (As of 2009).[3]


The population is almost entirely French-speaking. Just one municipality is German-speaking: Ederswiler. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic (75% as of 2000) with a small Protestant minority (13%).[4] The population of the canton (as of 31 December 2014) is 72,410.[2] As of 2007, the population included 8,195 foreigners, or about 11.8% of the total population.[5]

Historic population

The historical population is given in the following chart:[6]


Agriculture is important in Canton Jura. Cattle breeding is significant, but there is also horse breeding (the Franches-Montagnes is the last Swiss horse race). The main industries are watches, textiles and tobacco. There is a growing number of small and middle-sized businesses. In 2001, there were 3,578 people who worked in the primary economic sector. 14,109 people were employed in the secondary sector and 16,513 people were employed in the tertiary sector.[6]

In 2001, the Canton produced 0.9% of the entire Swiss national income while it had 0.9% of the total population.[6] In 2005, the average share of the national income per resident of the canton was 38,070 CHF, while the national average was 54,031 CHF, or about 70% of the national income per person.[7] Between 2003 and 2005, the average income grew at a rate of 6.4%, which was larger than the national rate of 5.3%. The average taxes in the canton are higher than in most cantons, in 2006, the tax index in the canton was 126.6 (Swiss average is 100.0). In 2006, the canton had the highest final tax rate on high wage earners (15.26% on a married couple with two children earning 150,000 CHF vs 11.6% nationally), though the tax rate was in the middle for lower income families.[7]


The eau de vie Damassine is one typical produce of the Ajoie area. (see [3] Terroir Jura and [4] Jura Infos)

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Kantonsdaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ "Liste officielle des communes de la Suisse - 01.01.2008". Office fédéral de la statistique. Retrieved 15 December 2008. 
  4. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2004). "Wohnbevölkerung nach Religion" (Interactive Map). Retrieved 2009-01-15. 
  5. ^ Federal Department of Statistics (2008). "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeit, Geschlecht und Kantonen" (Microsoft Excel). Retrieved November 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c d Canton of Jura in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ a b Regionale Disparitäten in der Schweiz - Schlüsselindikatoren (German) (French) accessed 20 December 2011


  • Ganguillet, Gilbert: Le conflit jurassien. Un cas de mobilisation ethno-régionale en Suisse, Zürich 1986.
  • Harder, Hans-Joachim: Der Kanton Jura. Ursachen und Schritte zur Lösung eines Schweizer Minderheitenproblems, Frankfurt am Main 1978.
  • Hauser, Claude: Aux origines intellectuelles de la Question jurassienne. Culture et politique entre la France et la Suisse romande (1910–1950), Diss. Fribourg 1997.
  • Henecka, Hans Peter: Die jurassischen Separatisten. Eine Studie zur Soziologie des ethnischen Konflikts und der sozialen Bewegung, Meisenheim am Glan 1972.
  • Jenkins, John R.G.: Jura Separatism in Switzerland, Oxford 1986.
  • Ruch, Christian: Struktur und Strukturwandel des jurassischen Separatismus zwischen 1974 und 1994, Bern 2001.
  • Schwander, Marcel: Jura. Konfliktstoff für Jahrzehnte, Zürich/Köln 1977.
  • Steppacher, Burkard: Die Jurafrage in der Schweiz, München 1985.

External links

  • Republic and Canton of Jura (French) official site
  • Jura Tourism
  • Watch Valley
  • Official statistics
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