World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cardiac asthma

Article Id: WHEBN0002950744
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cardiac asthma  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: ICD-10 Chapter IX: Diseases of the circulatory system, Shūmei Ōkawa, Abnormal respiration, Joseph Anthony Murphy, Ivan Bunin
Collection: Abnormal Respiration, Heart Diseases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cardiac asthma

Cardiac asthma
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 I50.1
ICD-9-CM 428.1
MeSH D004418

Cardiac asthma is a medical diagnosis of wheezing, coughing or shortness of breath due to congestive heart failure. It is known as cardiac asthma because the symptoms mimic ordinary asthma. One study found that patients with cardiac asthma represented one third of congestive heart failure in elderly patients.[1]

Depending on severity, it may be classified as a medical emergency as it can be a symptom of acute heart failure leading to the buildup of fluids in the lungs (pulmonary edema) as well as within and around the airways.

The distinction between true asthma and cardiac asthma is especially important because some treatments for true asthma, including inhalers, may actually worsen cardiac asthma and cause severe heart arrhythmias.

True asthma, in contrast, is caused by the inflammation and eventual narrowing down of airways. This is what causes the breathing difficulties that are characteristic to asthma. True asthma has nothing to do with fluid in the lungs or heart disease, or even the heart failure which is so associated with cardiac asthma.



  1. ^ Jorge S, Becquemin MH, Delerme S, Bennaceur M, Isnard R, Achkar R; et al. (2007). "Cardiac asthma in elderly patients: incidence, clinical presentation and outcome.". BMC Cardiovasc Disord 7: 16.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.