World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Carmentis

Article Id: WHEBN0000347964
Reproduction Date:

Title: Carmentis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hermes, Nymph, Novensiles, Janus, Cimmerian Sibyl, Fasti (poem)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Carmentis

For the genus of Lepidoptera, see Carmenta (moth)

In ancient Roman religion and myth, Carmenta was a goddess of childbirth and prophecy, associated with technological innovation as well as the protection of mothers and children, and a patron of midwives. She was also said to have invented the Latin alphabet.

Background


The name Carmenta is derived from Latin carmen, meaning a magic spell, oracle or song, and also the root of the English word charm. Her original name was Nicostrate, but it was changed later to honor her renown for giving oracles. She was the mother of Evander and along with other followers they founded the town of Pallantium, which later was one of the sites of the start of Rome. Gaius Julius Hyginus (Fab. 277) mentions the legend that it was she who altered fifteen letters of the Greek alphabet to become the Latin alphabet, which her son Evander introduced into Latium.

Carmenta was one of the Camenae, and the Cimmerian Sibyl. The leader of her cult was called the flamen carmentalis.

It was forbidden to wear leather or other forms of dead skin in her temple, which was next to the Porta Carmentalis in Rome.

Her festival, called the Carmentalia, was celebrated primarily by women on January 11 and January 15.

See also

References

Primary sources

  • Ovid, Fasti i.461-542
  • Servius, In Aeneida viii.51
  • Solinus, Collectanea rerum memorabilium i.10, 13

Secondary sources

  • The Dictionary of Classical Mythology by Pierre Grimal, page 89 "Carmenta"
  • The Book of the City of Ladies, by Christine de Pizan, section I.33.2

External links

  • Roman Mythology
  • List of Minor Roman Gods
  • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 589 (v. 1)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.