World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Carranca

 

Carranca

"Carrancas" redirects here. For the city in Minas Gerais, see Carrancas, Minas Gerais.
Modern tourist carrancas for sale at Mercado Modelo, Salvador, Bahia.
Rio São Francisco
Tourist "vampiro" carranca of plain wood style from early 1980s.

A carranca (Portuguese, literally "scowl" with another definition as "figurehead";[1] Portuguese pronunciation: ) is a type of figurehead attached to river craft which is attributed with power to protect the boatmen from the river's evil spirits. They were once commonly found on the lower Rio São Francisco in Brazil's Northeast Region (Nordeste). The carranca is most commonly a figure of a human or an animal. They were used to identify traders operating on the São Francisco and, as with ancient figureheads, serve the superstitious as guardians on the river.[2]

Today most authentic carrancas and early folk art revivals are only found in museums[3] with some being subject of a Rio exhibition in 2002.[4] Four historic examples are featured on the front of the home of Roberto Burle Marx, now the National Monument, Sítio Roberto Burle Marx.[3]

Modern, more stylized versions are sometimes seen as decorations in restaurants or homes and commonly seen in tourist shops of the states of Bahia, Pernambuco, Sergipe and Alagoas where the historic use was found on the lower Rio São Francisco. These range from key chain figures up to very large ones a meter or more in height and made from large tree trunks. Many, if not most of those are in the carranca-vampiro[5] style rather than the classic boat figurehead styles of the past. The difference may be seen by comparing the photos of classic styles compared to the tourist versions pictured on this page.

Classic figurehead versions, dating from the early 19th or even late 18th centuries, were painted, frequently chalk white with black hair, gaping red mouths and white fangs.[3] The most common tourist versions follow similar schemes. A more modern, decorative unpainted version is often in natural wood and even polished.

While most of the modern tourist versions are produced quickly in quantity using one of several patterns a few are made by more artistic wood workers and show unique design or interpretations of "functional" carrancas from history. A very few of these are "museum quality" folk art displayed in folk art museums of Brazil.

References

  1. ^ "figurehead translation Portuguese to English-Portuguese dictionary". Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Brooklyn Children’s Museum. "Carranca—". Brooklyn Children’s Museum. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Maria-Brazil—Home of Brazilian Culture on the Web. "Carrancas do Rio São Francisco". maria-brazil.org. maria-brazil.org. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Maria-Brazil—Home of Brazilian Culture on the Web. "Penedo, Alagoas". maria-brazil.org. maria-brazil.org. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Luís Osete (March 9, 2008). "Carrancas: A Cara do São Francisco". Retrieved 26 April 2013. 

External links

  • Carrancas de Mestre Guarani e outros
  • Carrancas do Rio São Francisco Photos, traditional sculptures from Maria-Brazil—Home of Brazilian Culture on the Web
  • Carrancas: A Cara do São Francisco
  • Pictorial page showing folk art obtained by "secretaria de cultura da prefeitura de petrolina" (Secretariat of culture for prefecture of Petrolina) that includes modern carrancas in more traditional and artistic styles.
  • A comic book history about the "carrancas" (in Portuguese language)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.