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Catulus

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Catulus

Not to be confused with Quintus Lutatius Catulus, the consul of 102 BC, or the poet Gaius Valerius Catullus. See Lutatius for other members of the gens. For the genus of fungi, see Catulus (fungus).
This article is part of the series on:
Military of ancient Rome (portal)
753 BC – AD 476
Structural history
Roman army (unit types and ranks, legions, auxiliaries, generals)
Roman navy (fleets, admirals)
Campaign history
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Gaius Lutatius Catulus (Latin: C·LVTATIVS·C·F·CATVLVS) was a Roman statesman and naval commander in the First Punic War.


He was elected as a consul in 242 BC, a novus homo. During his consulship he supervised the construction of a new Roman fleet. This fleet was funded by donations from wealthy citizens, since the public treasury was virtually empty. He then led the fleet into victory over Hanno the Great's Carthaginian fleet in the Battle of the Aegates Islands. This was the decisive battle of the First Punic War. To celebrate his victory, he built a temple to Juturna in Campus Martius, in the area currently known as Largo di Torre Argentina.

His brother, Quintus Lutatius Cerco, was a consul in the following year and a censor in 236 BC.

Gaius Lutatius Catulus is also the main character of Finnish writer Jukka M. Heikkilä's book Merikonsuli.


Preceded by
Gaius Fundanius Fundulus and Gaius Sulpicius Gallus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Aulus Postumius Albinus
242 BC
Succeeded by
Aulus Manlius Torquatus Atticus and Quintus Lutatius Catulus Cerco


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