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Caucasian Iberians

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Caucasian Iberians

Ancient Georgian kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia.

Caucasian Iberians a Greco-Roman designation for the population of Transcaucasus region in prehistoric and early historic times.[1]

Ancient Iberians are identified as modern eastern Caucasian Iberia.[2][3] In southwest, Iberians extended into Anatolia, inhabiting interior lands beside Colchians, who lived along the littoral area.

History

The area was inhabited in Georgian).

Iberia during the Roman Empire

Colchis was administered as a Roman province, Iberia freely accepted the Roman Imperial protection and became her ally.

The Iberian king Byzantine Empire), and would have a large scale impact on the state's culture and society. However, after the emperor Julian was slain during his failed campaign in Persia in 363, Rome ceded control of Iberia to Persia, and King Varaz-Bakur I (Asphagur) (363-365) became a Persian vassal — an outcome confirmed by the Peace of Acilisene in 387.

The early reign of the Iberian king autocephalic patriarchate at Mtskheta, and made Tbilisi his capital. In 482, he led a general uprising against Persia. A desperate war for independence lasted for twenty years, but he could not get Byzantine support, and was defeated, dying in battle in 502.

The medieval Georgian chronicle Kartlis Tskhovreba (“History of Kartli”) claims that a Persian general Azo of saeristavos. His successors managed to gain control over the mountainous passes of the Caucasus, with the Daryal (also known as the Iberian Gates) being the most important of them.

Origins

It may be possible to trace the presence of Caucasian Iberians in the region for several millennia. The Iberian tribes were an indigenous people of the Caucasus region, united by a common language, the ancestor of the Ibero-Caucasian language group. There are multiple theories regarding the origin of the name Iberian; one of the most commonplace is that it is derived from the tribe of Tibareni in the classical period, and possibly also from the even earlier state of Tabal, known from the annals of the Assyrian Kings).

The name Iberian in its own right appears in ancient Greek authors who identified early Georgian (Kartvelian) tribes as Iberoi, as well as in the annals of the Roman Plutarch. The Iberians called their kingdom Kartli, and their nation Kartlians.

Some theories have proposed common ethnic and linguistic origins of ancient Caucasian Iberians with the Iberians of the Iberian Peninsula, or the modern Basques in Spain. [4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ The Cambridge Ancient History, John Anthony Crook, Elizabeth Rawson, p. 255
  2. ^ The Making of the Georgian Nation, Ronald Grigor Suny, p. 13
  3. ^ Readings in the History of the Ancient World, William Coffman McDermott, Wallace Everett Caldwell, p. 404
  4. ^ Gods of Love and Ecstasy: The Traditions of Shiva and Dionysus, Alain Danielou, p. 21
  5. ^ Chambers's Encyclopaedia, M. D. Law, p. 356
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