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Central Luzon


Central Luzon

Region III
Central Luzon
Nickname(s): Rice Granary of the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Country Philippines
Island group Luzon
Regional center San Fernando, Pampanga
 • Total 21,543 km2 (8,318 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 10,137,737
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Provinces 7
Cities 14
Municipalities 116
Barangays 3,102
Cong. districts 20
Languages Tagalog, Ilocano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan Sambal, English, others

Central Luzon (Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, and Zambales.[2]


  • Overview 1
  • Demographics 2
    • Religion 2.1
  • Political Divisions 3
    • Provinces 3.1
    • Cities 3.2
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Central Luzon Region is located north of Manila, the nation's capital. Bordering it are the regions of Ilocos, Cordillera Administrative Region and Cagayan Valley to the north; National Capital Region, CALABARZON and the waters of Manila Bay to the south; South China Sea to the west; and the Philippine Sea to the east.[3]

There are fourteen cities namely: Balanga in Bataan; Malolos, Meycauayan and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan; Cabanatuan, Gapan, Muñoz, Palayan and San Jose in Nueva Ecija; Angeles, Mabalacat and San Fernando in Pampanga; Tarlac in Tarlac; and Olongapo in Zambales. Central Luzon produces the most rice in the whole country. Excess rice is delivered and imported to other provinces of the Philippines.[4]

The City of San Fernando, in Pampanga, is the regional center.

Aurora was transferred from Region IV by Executive Order No. 103.[5]



Eighty percent of the population of Central Luzon is Roman Catholic. Other religions represented are Protestants (including Evangelicals), Islam, and Iglesia Ni Cristo. In this region also where the Members Church of God International (also known by many as Ang Dating Daan) headquarters is located in Apalit, Pampanga where most members are. There are also other denominations such as Jesus Is Lord, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ, Jesus Miracle Crusade, United Methodist Church and others.

Political Divisions

Region 3 is composed of 7 provinces, 14 cities, 116 municipalities, 3,102 barangays[6]


Political map of Central Luzon
Province Capital No. of
Aurora Baler 0 3,147.32 173,797 187,802 201,233 Gerardo A. Noveras
Bataan Balanga 1 1,372.98 557,659 662,153 687,482 Enrique T. Garcia Jr.
Bulacan Malolos 3 2,774.85 2,234,088 2,826,936 2,924,433 Wilhelmino M. Sy-Alvarado
Nueva Ecija Palayan 5 5,751.33 1,659,883 1,853,853 1,955,373 Aurelio M. Umali
Pampanga San Fernando 3 1,984.72 1,882,730 1,911,951 2,014,019 Lilia Pineda
Tarlac Tarlac City 1 2,736.64 1,068,783 1,243,449 1,273,240 Victor Yap
Zambales Iba 1 3,529.40 433,538 493,085 534,443 Jun Ebdane


The Central Luzon Region has fourteen cities. San Jose del Monte is the city with the most population while Meycauayan is the most densely populated city in the region. Tarlac City is the largest based on land area.

City Province City Class Income Class Area
Angeles Pampanga Highly Urbanized 1st Class 60.27 326,336 5,414.6
Balanga Bataan Component 4th Class 111.63 87,920 787.6
Cabanatuan Nueva Ecija Component 1st Class 192.29 272,676 1,418
Gapan Nueva Ecija Component 4th Class 164.44 101,488 617.2
Mabalacat Pampanga Component 1st Class 83.18 215,610 2,592.09
Malolos Bulacan Component 1st Class 77.25 234,945 3,041.4
Meycauayan Bulacan Component 1st Class 32.10 199,154 6,204.2
Muñoz Nueva Ecija Component 4th Class 163.05 75,462 462.8
Olongapo Zambales Highly Urbanized 1st Class 185.00 221,178 1,195.6
Palayan Nueva Ecija Component 5th Class 101.40 37,219 367.1
San Fernando Pampanga Component 1st Class 67.74 285,912 4,220.7
San Jose Nueva Ecija Component 2nd Class 185.99 129,424 695.9
San Jose del Monte Bulacan Component 1st Class 165.10 454,553 2,753.2
Tarlac City Tarlac Component 1st Class 274.66 318,332 1,159

See also


  1. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Central Luzon, Region III, Philippines". 
  3. ^ "Region III, Central Luzon, Geographical Location". 
  4. ^ "REGION III (Central Luzon)". National Statistical Coordination Board. 
  5. ^ "EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 103, December 24, 1986". Supreme Court E-Library. 
  6. ^ "List of Regions". National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  7. ^ a b "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality Region III - Central Luzon: 1990, 2000, and 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 

External links

  • Central Luzon Local Search
  • North Luzon Super Region: Potentials
  • North Luzon Super Region: Projects
  • Executive Order No. 103
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