Central northern new caledonian languages

Not to be confused with Languages of New Caledonia.
New Caledonian
New Caledonia
Linguistic classification: Austronesian
Ethnologue code: new-caledonian

The thirty New Caledonian languages form a branch of the Southern Oceanic languages. Their speakers are known as Kanaks.


  • Mainland New Caledonian
    • Southern New Caledonian
      • Extreme Southern: Dumbea, Numee
      • South Southern
        • Xaracuu–Xaragure: Xârâcùù, Xaragure
        • Zire–Tiri: Tiri (Méa), Zire
        • Wailic: Ajië, Arhö, Arhâ, Neku, Orowe
    • Haeke*
    • Northern New Caledonian
      • Central Northern: Cemuhî, Paicî
      • Vamale*
      • Haveke*
      • North Northern
        • Hmwaveke:* Bwatoo, Hmwaveke, Waamwang
        • Nemi: Fwâi, Jawe, Nemi, Pije
        • Pwaamei
        • Pwapwa
      • Extreme Northern: Caac, Kumak (Nêlêmwa-Nixumwak), Yuaga, Nyâlayu

The languages of the northern VohKoné area (*) are often discussed as a unit.


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