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Chalcidice

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Chalcidice

Chalkidiki
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Χαλκιδικής
Regional unit
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Municipalities of Chalkidiki

Chalkidiki within Greece

Coordinates: 40°20′N 23°30′E / 40.333°N 23.500°E / 40.333; 23.500Coordinates: 40°20′N 23°30′E / 40.333°N 23.500°E / 40.333; 23.500

Country Greece
Region Central Macedonia
Capital Polygyros
Government
 • Vice Governor Ioannis Giorgos
Area
 • Total 2,918 km2 (1,127 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 105,908
 • Density 36/km2 (94/sq mi)
Postal codes 63x xx
Area codes 237x0, 239x0
ISO 3166 code GR-64
Car plates ΧΚ
Website

Chalkidiki, also Halkidiki, Chalcidice or Chalkidike (Greek: Χαλκιδική, [xalciðiˈci]), is a peninsula in northern Greece, and one of the regional units of Greece. The autonomous Mount Athos region is part of the peninsula, but not of the regional unit. The capital of Chalkidiki is the main town of Polygyros, located in the centre of the peninsula.

Geography


The Cholomontas mountains lie in the northcentral part of Chalkidiki. Chalkidiki consists of a large peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea, resembling a hand with three "fingers" (though in Greek these peninsulas are often referred to as "legs") – Pallene (now Kassandra), Sithonia, and Agion Oros (the ancient Acte), which contains Mount Athos and its monasteries. Chalkidiki borders on the regional unit of Thessaloniki to the north.

Its largest towns are Nea Moudania (Νέα Μουδανιά), Nea Kallikrateia (Νέα Καλλικράτεια) and the main town of Polygyros (Πολύγυρος).

There are several summer resorts on the beaches of all three fingers where other minor towns and villages are located, such as at Yerakini (Gerakina Beach), Neos Marmaras (Porto Carras), Ouranoupolis, Nikiti, Psakoudia, Kallithea (Pallene/Pallini, Athos), Sani Resort and more.

History


The first Greek settlers in this area came from Chalcis and Eretria, cities in Euboea, around the 8th century BC who founded cities such as Mende, Toroni and Scione; a second wave came from Andros in the 6th century BC. The ancient city of Stageira was the birthplace of the great philosopher Aristotle.

In June 2003, at the holiday resort Porto Carras located in Neos Marmaras, Sithonia, European Union leaders presented the first draft of the European constitution. See History of the European Constitution for developments after this point.

Ancient sites





Tourism

Chalkidiki has been a popular summer tourist destination since the late 1950s when people from Thessaloniki started spending their summer holidays in the coastal villages. At the beginning tourists rented rooms in the houses of locals. By the 1960s, tourists from Austria and Germany started to visit Chalkidiki more frequently. Since the start of the big tourist boom in the 1970s, the whole region has been captured by tourism.[1]

Mining

Gold was mined in the region during antiquity. As of 2013 a revival of mining for gold and other minerals was underway with a number of concessions having been granted to Eldorado Gold of Canada. However, critics claim that mining would adversely affect tourism and the environment.[2]

Administration

The regional unit Chalkidiki is subdivided into five municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[3]

Prefecture

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Chalkidiki was created out of the former prefecture Chalkidiki (Greek: Νομός Χαλκιδικής). The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[3]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Aristotelis Arnaia Ierissos
Panagia
Stagira-Akanthos
Kassandra Kassandra Kassandreia
Pallini
Nea Propontida Kallikrateia Nea Moudania
Moudania
Triglia
Polygyros Polygyros Polygyros
Anthemountas
Zervochoria
Ormylia
Sithonia Sithonia Nikiti
Toroni

Provinces

  • Province of Chalkidiki – Polygyros
  • Province of Arnaia

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Television

  • TV Halkidiki – Nea Moudania
  • Super TV – Nea Moudania

Transport

  • Chalkidiki has no railroads or airports.
  • A bus system, KTEL, serves major municipalities.

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Chalkidiki is twinned with:

Notable inhabitants


  • Paeonius of Mende (late 5th-century BC), sculptor
  • Philippus of Mende, Plato's student, astronomer
  • Nicomachus, Aristotle's father
  • Aristobulus of Cassandreia (375–301 BC), historian, architect
  • Aristotle (384 BC in Stageira–322 BC), philosopher
  • Andronicus the Olynthian (c. 370 BC), Phrourarchus of Tyre, appointed by Antigonus
  • Callisthenes (360–328 BC), historian
  • Crates of Olynthus, Alexander's hydraulic engineer
  • Bubalus of Cassandreia (304 BC), keles (horse) competing in the flat race of the Lykaia[4]
  • Poseidippus of Cassandreia (c. 310 – c. 240 BC), comic poet
  • Erginus (son of Simylus) from Cassandreia, citharede winner in Soteria c. 260 BC[5]
  • Athanasios Stageiritis, professor of Greek language at the Imperial Academy in Vienna. Publisher of the fortnightly literary journal "Kalliope" in Vienna from 1819 to 1821
  • Stamatios Kapsas, revolutionary of the Greek War of Independence (1821–1830)
  • Kyrkos Papageorgakis, revolutionary of the Greek War of Independence (1821–1830)
  • Archbishop Demetrios of America
  • Kosmas Doumbiotis (1826-1922), Greek army officer
  • Xenophon Paionides (1863-1933), architect
  • Georgios Papanikolaou (1875 in Polygyros–1949), doctor, author, fighter of Greek Struggle for Macedonia and founder of the pan-chalcidikian association of Thessaloniki (1903)
  • Manolis Mitsias (1944 in Doumpia), singer
  • Sokratis Malamas (1957 in Sykia), singer
  • Falcos Panagiotis (1995 in Sykia), DJ/Music Producer
  • Georgios Samaras, footballer (from his father's, Ioannis Samaras, side)
  • Christos Zabounis, a pro-royalist author and editor

Gallery

References

See also

Template:Kallikratis-Central Macedonia

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