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Chambourcy

Chambourcy

Town hall.
Chambourcy
Chambourcy

Coordinates: 48°54′24″N 2°02′28″E / 48.9067°N 2.0411°E / 48.9067; 2.0411Coordinates: 48°54′24″N 2°02′28″E / 48.9067°N 2.0411°E / 48.9067; 2.0411

Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Yvelines
Arrondissement Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Canton Saint-Germain-en-Laye-Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Pierre Morange
Area
 • Land1 7.87 km2 (3.04 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 5,963
 • Population2 density 760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (GMT +1)
INSEE/Postal code 78133 / 78240
Elevation 64–176 m (210–577 ft)
(avg. 158 m or 518 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Chambourcy is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and about 25 km (16 mi) west of Paris.

Its inhabitants are called Camboriciens. "Chambourcy", formerly "Champ Bourcy", is derived from the Latin expression "campus bruacii", field of brushlands.

The current mayor, and mayor since 1995 is French National Assembly since 1997.

Coat of Arms

Geography

Chambourcy is located to the south of the forest of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and to the north of the forest of Marly. She is bordered by Poissy to the north, Saint-Germain-en-Laye to the northeast, Fourqueux to the east, Aigremont to the west, and Feucherolles and Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche to the south. Its northern half is highly urbanised, whereas the southern half is very wooded (the forest of Marly) and includes a golf course.

The commune of Chambourcy is served by the route nationale 13, called the 40 sous route (route de quarante sous), which crosses it to the west. It is also served by the autoroutes A13 to the southwest and A14 to the north, though the nearest access to either is the Orgeval junction about 5 km (3.1 mi) away.

A small 9 km stream, the Buzot, runs through the commune towards the east (mostly in underground channels), crossing the commune of Saint-Germain-en-Laye before discharging in the River Seine at Pecq.

History


The town's church, dedicated to Saint Clothilde (wife of Clovis I, king of the Franks, whom she convinced to convert to Christianity), was built in the 12th century, in the Romanesque style, though it has frequently been rebuilt. It contains relics of its name saint. In the 13th century an abbey was built near the commune, at Joyenval, and its ruins on the golf course were listed as historic monuments in 1989.

In 1789 the "desert of Retz" was built on the site of the abandoned and ruined village of Saint-Jacques-de-Retz to the north of Chambourcy, on the fringes of the forest of Marly. It was a Romantic garden made up of a number of follies, including a ruined column, a pyramid, and a Chinese pavilion. It was declared a historic monument in 1941.

Number 64 of the Grande Rue, called the Roseraie, was also built in Chambourcy in the 18th century. André Derain (one of the founders of Fauvism) later installed his workshop there. The house was rebuilt in the 19th and 20th centuries, and listed as a historic monument in 1986.

A 19th-century chateau, not far from the village in the direction of Aigremont, is now a retirement home.

In 1934 the ALB dairy was founded in Chambourcy. In 1948 it launched the "petit Chambourcy", a petit-suisse.

People

  • Jacob-Nicolas Moreau (1717–1803), last seigneur of Chambourcy.
  • Antoine de Gramont, husband of Ida d'Orsay, acquired a property at Chambourcy in 1848 where they welcomed Ida's brother Alfred d'Orsay, who was buried with his lover Marguerite of Blessington in a pyramidal tomb in Chambourcy.

Economy

  • Cheese
  • Residential commune.
  • Shopping centre off nationale 13 (Many car stores, Carrefour hypermarchés, Fly (furniture store), etc.)
  • Arboriculture.
  • Golf course

Chambourcy gave its name to a group of dairy products, one of the most important in the French and European markets until taken over by the Nestlé group, who abandoned the "Chambourcy" trademark in 1996, then relaunched it in 1998.

Population

Chambourcy's population by age group was the following in 2007:[1]

  • 47,9% male (0 to 14 years old = 23,1%, 15 to 29 years old = 16,7%, 30 to 44 years old = 20,3%, 45 to 59 years old = 21,4%, over 60 years old = 18,6%) ;
  • 52,1% female (0 à 14 years old = 19,9%, 15 to 29 years old = 15,6%, 30 to 44 years old = 20,9%, 45 to 59 years old = 21,2%, over 60 years old= 22,5%)

Chambourcy is home to a considerable number of students and families linked to the Lycée International of Saint Germain en Laye, an international school situated near the commune.

Associations

See also

References

  • INSEE

External links

  • Official town site
  • Chambourcy history society
  • Aerial view on the IAURIF site
  • Plans of Saint Jacques de Retz on the Yvelines archives site
  • Google Maps
  • Coordinates
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