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Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw

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Title: Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw  
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Subject: Grand Masters of the Teutonic Knights, Archduke Leopold Joseph of Austria (1682–1684), Archduke Ferdinand Karl of Austria, Archduke Johann Nepomuk of Austria, Archduke Wilhelm Franz of Austria
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Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw

Charles of Austria, nicknamed the Posthumous, (Graz, August 7, 1590 – Madrid, December 28, 1624) was Prince-Bishop of Wrocław, Bishop of Brixen and Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights.

He was the youngest son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608).

As the youngest of 15 children, he was destined for a career in the Church.
In 1608 he was appointed Prince-bishop of Breslau (Wrocław). In 1613 he became Bishop of Brixen and in 1619 he succeeded Maximilian III as Grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights.
Charles was a staunch Catholic. In 1609, he strongly protested against the decision of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor to treat all religions equally in Silesia. After the Battle of White Mountain he forcefully reintroduced Catholicism in the Nysa Region. He founded in 1622 a Jesuit college there.

In 1624 he travelled to Madrid to become Viceroy of Portugal, at the request of King Philip IV of Spain, but he fell ill and died before taking up his post.

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