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Chen Gongbo

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Subject: Zhou Fohai, Wang Jingwei, Chinese communists, List of East Asian leaders in the Japanese sphere of influence (1931–1945), Politics of Shanghai
Collection: 1892 Births, 1946 Deaths, 20Th-Century Executions by China, Chinese Anti-Communists, Chinese Communists, Chinese People Executed by Firing Squad, Chinese People Executed for Collaboration with Japan, Columbia University Alumni, Executed People from Guangdong, Executed Politicians, Mayors of Shanghai, Members of the Kuomintang, People Executed by China by Firing Squad, People Executed by the Republic of China, Politicians from Guangzhou, Presidents of the Republic of China, Republic of China Politicians from Guangdong
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Chen Gongbo

Chen Gongbo
陳公博
President of Republic of China
(Nanjing regime)
In office
September 1944 – August 1945
Preceded by Wang Jingwei
Succeeded by Office Abolished
Mayor of Shanghai
In office
November 1940 – December 1944
Succeeded by Zhou Fohai
Personal details
Born (1892-10-19)October 19, 1892
Northern Guangdong,
Qing Empire
Died June 3, 1946(1946-06-03) (aged 54)
Suzhou, Jiangsu,
Republic of China
Political party Communist Party of China, Kuomintang
Alma mater Beijing University
Columbia University

Chen Gongbo (Chinese: 陳公博; Wade–Giles: Ch'en Kung-po; Japanese: Chin Kōhaku, October 19, 1892 – June 3, 1946) was a Chinese politician, noted for his role as second (and final) President of the collaborationist pro-Japanese Nanjing Nationalist Government during World War II.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • References 2
  • Sources 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Chen Gongbo was born in Chongqing after the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War.

However, Chen remained politically aloof to Chiang Kai-shek and after Wang Jingwei broke ranks with the Kuomintang and established the collaborationist Nanjing Nationalist Government, Chen soon followed despite his initial opposition. Within the new government, Chen became the speaker of the Legislative Yuan. After nominal rule over Shanghai was turned over to the Nanjing Nationalist Government by Japan in November 1940, Chen was appointed mayor. In mid-1944, when Wang traveled to Japan for medical treatment, Chen was left in charge as acting president of the Executive Yuan, becoming president of the Nanjing Nationalist government on Wang’s death in November 1944.

At the end of World War II, Chen fled to Japan and, immediately following Japan’s formal surrender on September 9, 1945, China’s representative General He Yingqin asked Japan’s representative, General Okamura Yasuji, to extradite Chen Gongbo to China for trial for treason. The request was granted by the American occupation forces, and Chen was escorted back to China on October 3. At his trial, he defended himself vigorously. As President, he had refused to cooperate with the Japanese in several significant matters and had acted only because of his loyalty to his friend, Wang Jingwei. As he was sentenced to death as a traitor, he took his fate calmly saying that "Soon, I will be reunited with Wang Jingwei in the next world". Chen was executed by a firing squad at Suzhou, Jiangsu on June 3, 1946.

References

  1. ^ Zanasi

Sources

  • David P. Barrett and Larry N. Shyu, eds.; Chinese Collaboration with Japan, 1932-1945: The Limits of Accommodation Stanford University Press 2001
  • John H. Boyle, China and Japan at War, 1937–1945: The Politics of Collaboration (Harvard University Press, 1972).
  • James C. Hsiung and Steven I. Levine, eds., China's Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937–1945 (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1992)
  • Ch'i Hsi-sheng, Nationalist China at War: Military Defeats and Political Collapse, 1937–1945 (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1982).
  • Frederick W. Mote, Japanese-Sponsored Governments in China, 1937–1945 (Stanford University Press, 1954).
  • Margherita Zanasi, "Chen Gongbo and the Construction of a Modern Nation in 1930s China," in Timothy Brook and Andre Schmid, eds.; Nation Work: Asian Elites and National Identities (University of Michigan Press, 2000).

External links

  • Rulers:Chen Gongbo

Blog of Kan Chen, son of Chen Gongbo: https:/s.google.com/kanblog8/home

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