World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

China Earthquake Administration

The China Earthquake Administration (CEA), (simplified Chinese: 中国地震局; traditional Chinese: 中國地震局; pinyin: Zhōngguó dìzhèn jú) is mandated by the Law of the People's Republic of China on Protecting Against and Mitigating Earthquake Disasters of PRC to enforce the earthquake administration in the nation under the administration of State Council of the People's Republic of China.[1][2]

Some English text use the name Chinese Seismic Bureau (CSB). In older text, it was also referred to by its former name, National Earthquake Bureau (NEB) or National Seismic Bureau (NSB).


  • Bureaus 1
  • Establishment of the CEA 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


CEA presently has nine bureaus, two of which directly under the control of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).[3]

  • Administrative Office and Office of Policy Research (Chinese: 办公室(政策研究室))
  • Bureau of Development and Finance (Chinese: 发展与财务司)
  • Bureau of Monitoring and Prediction (Chinese: 监测预报司)
  • Bureau of Earthquake Damage Protection (Chinese: 震害防御司(法规司))
  • Bureau of Earthquake Emergency Response and Relief (Chinese: 震灾应急救援司)
  • Bureau of Personnel, Education, Science and Technology and Bureau of International Cooperation (Chinese: 人事教育和科技司(国际合作司))
  • (Chinese Communist) Party Committee of Direct Subordinate Institutions (Chinese: 直属机关党委)
  • Group of (CCP) Discipline and Surveillance, a Delegation of the Central Committee of Discipline and Surveillance (of the Chinese Communist Party) and Bureau of Surveillance (Chinese: 中央纪委驻中国地震局纪检组(监察司))
  • Office of Welfare of Retired Personnel and Retired (CCP) Party Officials (Chinese: 离退休干部办公室)

Establishment of the CEA

As a country stricken by 2 of top 10 world's most fatal earthquakes before the creation of CEA, China's first seismic monitoring stations were set up under the Chinese Academy of Sciences. An national Office of Earthquake Matters[4] was created under joint administration of the National Science and Technology Commission[5] and Chinese Academy of Sciences after the 1966 Xingtai earthquake. A Central Task Force of Earthquakes (of the Chinese Communist Party)[6] was created the day after a M7.4 earthquake struck Bohai Bay on July 18, 1969.

In 1971, the State Council decided to create the National Earthquake Bureau (CNEB), predecessor to CEA, to replace the "Central Task Force". The State Council initially delegated administration of the CNEB to the Chinese Academy of Sciences. CNEB became directly administrated by the State Councile in 1975.

Following the recommendation from the CNEB, each province, autonomous regions and centrally administrated municipalities in PRC has established its own earthquake bureau since 1977. In 1985, these local bureaus were placed under dual leadership of the local government and the national bureau.[7]

CNEB was renamed CEA in 1998.[2]

See also


  1. ^ "China Earthquake Administration". Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  2. ^ a b "Introduction to CEA (中国地震局:机构简介)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  3. ^ "Introduction to CEA: Offices (中国地震局:机构简介:内设机构)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  4. ^ Chinese: 地震办公室
  5. ^ Chinese: 国家科学技术委员会
  6. ^ Chinese: 中央地震工作小组
  7. ^ "Introduction to CEA: History (中国地震局:机构简介:历史沿革)" (in Chinese). Retrieved 2008-09-21. 

External links

  • "Portal of China Earthquake Administration (CEA Portal)" (in Chinese).  Official CEA Web site.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.