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China Meteorological Administration

China Meteorological Administration

中国气象局
Zhōngguó Qìxiàng Jú
Agency overview
Formed 1949
Superseding agency Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau
Central Weather Bureau
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Parent agency State Council
Website www.cma.gov.cn/
China Meteorological Administration
Traditional Chinese 中國氣象局
Simplified Chinese 中国气象局

The China Meteorological Administration (CMA), headquartered in Beijing, is the national weather service for the People's Republic of China.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Subordinate bodies under the CMA 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The agency was originally established in December 1949 as the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau. It replaced the Central Weather Bureau formed in 1941. In 1994, the CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the State Council.[1]

Meteorological bureaus are established in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, excluding meteorological services at Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. 14 meteorological bureaus at sub-provincial cities including 4 cities which have been specifically designated in the state development plan), 318 meteorological bureaus at prefecture level and 2,300 bureaus (stations) at county level.[1]

Subordinate bodies under the CMA

Beijing Meteorological Bureau, the capital weather forecasting office
  • National Meteorological Center (the Central Meteorological Observatory)[1]
  • National Satellite Meteorological Centre (National Centre for Space Weather Monitoring and Warning)
  • National Climate Center
  • National Meteorological Information Centre
  • Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
  • Atmospheric Observation Technology Centre
  • China Meteorological Administration Training Centre
  • Department of Capital Construction & Real Estate Management
  • Logistic Service Centre
  • Audio-Visual Publicity Center
  • China Meteorological News Press, and Meteorological Press.

See also

The Special Administrative Regions operate their own meteorological units outside of CMA:

Central Weather Bureau of Taiwan was established in 1941 during Japanese rule and continued after 1949 for the Republic of China.

References

  1. ^ a b c CMA.gov history

External links

  • Official website
  • Official website (Chinese)
  • CMA Supercomputing site history on Top500.org
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