World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chirpan

 

Chirpan

Chirpan
Chirpan is located in Bulgaria
Chirpan
Location of Chirpan
Coordinates:
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Stara Zagora
Government
 • Mayor Vasil Donev
Elevation 168 m (551 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 15,109
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 6200
Area code(s) 0416

Chirpan (Bulgarian: Чирпан, pronounced ) is a town on the Tekirska River in Stara Zagora Province of south-central Bulgaria. It is the administrative centre of the homonymous Chirpan Municipality. As of December 2013, the town had a population of 15,109[1] down from 16,355 inhabitants in December 2009.[2]

Chirpan is located north of the Maritsa River on the Chirpan highlands, south-east of the Sredna Gora mountains. The town is a centre for wineries and viticulture.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Climate 2
  • Economy 3
  • Honour 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The modern town is the successor of the Ancient Roman settlement of Sherampol and re-emerged in the beginning of the 15th century, its current name likely being derived from the Roman one. There has been extensive archaeological excavation at the Karasura (Carasura) site. During the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria, Chirpan (Turkish: Çırpan) was known for its craftsmen and agriculture. The town suffered badly from an earthquake on 18 April 1928.

Chirpan was the birthplace of Bulgarian National Revival architecture.

Climate

Climate data for Chirpan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(35)
4
(39)
11
(51)
17
(63)
23
(73)
27
(80)
30
(86)
31
(87)
28
(82)
19
(67)
11
(51)
6
(42)
17.4
(63)
Average low °C (°F) −7
(20)
−6
(22)
−1
(31)
4
(40)
10
(50)
15
(59)
16
(60)
16
(60)
12
(54)
8
(46)
2
(36)
−3
(26)
5.5
(42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 33
(1.3)
30
(1)
74
(2.9)
81
(3.2)
46
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
69
(2.7)
50
(2)
8
(0.3)
58
(2.3)
50
(2)
13
(0.5)
558
(21.8)
Source: Weatherbase [3]

Economy

There are 23,470 (2009)[4] people in the municipality, two thirds of whom live in the town. 53% of the land is in cultivation, with major crops from wheat, sunflowers, cotton, grapes, and fruit trees. There is a 139 hectare Natura 2000 Special Protection Area for preservation of avian habitat along the Tekirska River.[5]

Honour

Chirpan Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Chirpan.

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Population by towns and sex – Table data". Bulgarian National Statistical Institute. 2013. Archived from the original on 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Population by towns and sex – Table data". Bulgarian National Statistical Institute. 2009. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Chirpan, Bulgaria". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Population by districts, municipalities, place of residence and sex – Table data". Bulgarian National Statistical Institute. 2009. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. 
  5. ^ "2000 Bulgaria Database: Текирска река" (in Bulgarian). Archived from Natura the original on 8 November 2006. ]

References

  • Diamante, Vincenzo (1975) Bulgaria: storia, vita, folclore e tutte le informazioni utili al turista Valmartina, Firenze, OCLC 3841667 (in Italian);
  • Kondarev, Nikola (1987) Istoriia na Chirpan i Chirpansko Izd-vo na Otechestveniia front, Sofia, OCLC 19857260 (in Bulgarian);
This article is based in part on material from the Bulgarian WorldHeritage.

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Bulgaria Info Site"Visit to Bulgaria: Places by Region: Stara Zagora: Chirpan"
  • "Chirpan: History and Landmarks" Virtual Bulgaria
  • Археологическо дружество Чирпан (Archaeological Society of Chirpan) in Bulgarian
  • N. Spassov, D. Geraads, L. Hristova, G.N. Markov, G. Merceron, T. Tzankov, K. Stoyanov, M. Böhme, A. Dimitrova. «A hominid tooth from Bulgaria: The last pre-human hominid of continental Europe» (Azmaka)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.