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Title: Chollian  
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Subject: Ariane 5
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Chollian, (Korean, lit. Thousand Li View)[1] also known as Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite 1[2] (COMS-1), is a South Korean satellite which was launched in June, 2010. It will be operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, who will use it for communication, oceanography, and meteorological observation.

COMS-1 was constructed by EADS Astrium, and is based around the Eurostar-3000S satellite bus. It has a mass of 2,460 kilograms (5,420 lb), and carries transponders broadcasting in the D/E and K bands of the NATO-defined spectrum, or the L/S and Ka bands of the IEEE-defined spectrum respectively. Its single solar array is expected to generate a minimum of 2.5 kilowatts of power.[3]

COMS-1 was launched by Arianespace using an Ariane 5ECA carrier rocket lifting off from ELA-3 at the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. The first attempt to launch it occurred on 23 June 2010, however the launch was scrubbed due to a problem with one of the rocket's subsystems.[4] A subsequent attempt on 24 June was also scrubbed, due to a problem with the pressurisation of the rocket's fuel tanks.[5] The launch occurred at 21:41 UTC on 26 June 2010.[6][5] The Saudi Arabian Arabsat-5A satellite was launched by the same rocket, with a SYLDA adaptor being used to separate the spacecraft. Arabsat-5A was mounted atop the SYLDA, with COMS-1 underneath it.[7]

Following launch, COMS-1 separated into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. It will use an apogee motor to raise itself into geosynchronous orbit. Once it reaches this orbit, it will undergo testing before beginning operations at a longitude of 128.2 degrees East.[8] Its mission is scheduled to last seven years,[3] however the satellite has a design life of ten years.[9]


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