World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Christianity in Kosovo

Article Id: WHEBN0026332770
Reproduction Date:

Title: Christianity in Kosovo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Islam in Kosovo, Roman Catholicism in Kosovo, Christianity in Belarus, Christianity in Italy, Christianity in Kazakhstan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Christianity in Kosovo

The Roman Catholic church of Morava e Binçës, Eastern Kosovo (Ceiling design)

Christianity in Kosovo has a long standing tradition dating to the Roman Empire. Before the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, the entire Balkan region had been Christianized by both the Roman and Byzantine Empires. From 1389 until 1912, Kosovo was officially governed by the Muslim Ottoman Empire and a high level of Islamization occurred. During the time period after World War II, Kosovo was ruled by secular socialist authorities in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY). During that period, Kosovars became increasingly secularized. Today, over 90% of Kosovo's population are from Muslim family backgrounds, most of whom are ethnic Albanians.,[1] but also including Slavic speakers (who mostly identify themselves as Gorani or Bosniaks) and Turks.

About three percent of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo remain Roman Catholic despite centuries of Ottoman rule. During the period in which the conversion of Catholics to Islam was fastest (the second half of the sixteenth century to the end of the eighteenth century) many converts continued to accept Catholic rites in private, although the Catholic Church banned this from 1703,[2] and as late as 1845 significant numbers of people who had passed as Muslims declared themselves to be Catholics, to avoid conscription.[3] There are still reported cases of families "returning" to their Catholic faith (There are an estimated 65,000 Catholics in Kosovo and another 60,000 Kosovar born Catholics outside of Kosovo.[4] Mother Teresa, whose parents were possibly from Kosovo, saw the vision which decided her upon her religious vocation at the Church of the Black Madonna at Letnica in Kosovo.[5] The central boulevard in Pristina is named after her. A Catholic Cathedral was consecrated in Pristina in 2011, having been built on land donated by the municipality. There were widespread, though unconfirmed, rumours that President Ibrahim Rugova had been baptised a Catholic before his death in 2006: it seems likely that his family originated in the village of Rugovo (Alb: Rugovë) where in 1817 a number of men who had Muslim names but openly professed Catholicism were executed by the Ottoman authorities.[6]

The Serb population, estimated at 100,000 to 120,000 persons, is largely Serbian Orthodox. Kosovo has 26 monasteries and many churches, Serb Orthodox churches and monasteries.[7][8][9] of which three are world Heritage Sites: the Patriarchate of Pec (although the Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church has for centuries been resident elsewhere), Visoki Decani, and Gračanica. Dozens of churches were destroyed, and others damaged, after the end of Serbian governance in 1999, and a further 35 were damaged in the week of the violence in March 2004.[10]

There is also a small number of evangelical Protestants, whose tradition dates back to the Methodist missionaries' work centered in Bitola in the late 19th century. They are represented by the Kosovo Protestant Evangelical Church (KPEC).[11]

Part of a series on
Kosovo Albanians
Kosovo culture
Art · Cinema · Dress · Literature · Music
Sport · Cuisine · Mythology
By region or country
Kosovo · Australia · Bulgaria
Croatia · Germany
Greece · Italy
Kosovo · Macedonia
Montenegro · Romania
Serbia · Sweden
Switzerland · Ukraine · United States
Varieties of Albanian
Gheg · Tosk · Arvanitika
Arbëresh · Cham
Islam in Kosovo
Christianity in Kosovo
Roman Catholicism
Kosovo Protestant Evangelical Church
Origins · History

See also


  1. ^ "Muslims in Europe: Country guide". BBC News. 2005-12-23. 
  2. ^ Malcolm, Noel, Kosovo: A Short History, pp. 173-175
  3. ^ Maslcolm, Noel, Kosovo: A Short History pp 186-187
  4. ^ "In Kosovo, whole families return to Catholic faith" 9 February 2009 Link accessed 21 March 2010
  5. ^ Greene,Meg: Mother Teresa: A Biography, Greenwood Press, 2004, page 11
  6. ^ Malcolm, Noel:Kosovo: A Short History, p. 186
  7. ^ International Crisis Group (2001-01-31). "Religion in Kosovo". Archived from the original on July 8, 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  8. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2007 (U.S. Department of States) - Serbia (includes Kosovo)". Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  9. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2006 (U.S. Department of States) - Serbia and Montenegro (includes Kosovo)". Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  10. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2004-05-06). "Refworld | Kosovo: Nobody charged for destruction of Orthodox churches and monasteries". UNHCR. Retrieved 2009-07-20. 
  11. ^ Protestant Church of Kosovo web page. "Mirësevini në faqen zyrtare të Kishës Protestante Ungjillore të Kosovës". Retrieved 12 November 2010. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.